The supersonic bomber Su-24
Su-24, which is encoded by NATO called "Swordsman" - Russian tactical strike aircraft with a wing movable sweep task became bombing, rocket attacks at any time of day and in any weather conditions. It was also possible to use front-line Su-24 at low altitude with the aim of hitting surface and land targets.
In 2011 the average age of the Su-24, who were in the location of the Russian Air Force was about 25 years. Initially it was planned to put in their place the new Su-34, and the basic Su-24 upgrade to a version of the Su-24M2. But because of the large number of accidents Su-24 decided to completely write off arms to 2020 years. In February 2012, they were withdrawn from service in Belarus. At disposal in Russia before, was sent 2015 103 bomber Su-24.
Once entered into service Su-7B, it was drafted on the creation on its base of aircraft capable of hitting small targets in any weather conditions. Unfortunately, the Su-7 not answer the tactical and technical requirements, so designers Sukhoi had to develop a completely new car. The new aircraft was given the code number C-6. The design he had a delta wing, engines R21F-300 and tandem arrangement of the crew.
The first sample of a full-size built in 1963 year. This copy was code T-58M and was essentially a modification of the Su-15. I changed the approach to the purpose of the front of the aircraft: is now scheduled to receive low-altitude bomber with short takeoff / landing (required to achieve and overcome supersonic speed).
With 1965, the pilots' seats placed close because of the large dimensions of the radar station "Orion". The standard engine P-27 300F to achieve short take-off / landing added additional RD4 36-35.
Since August 1965, the bomber was named T-6.
The first flight of the T-6 was committed 2.07.1967. At the helm of this day he was honored pilot VS Ilyushin.
In the autumn of the year T-1967 6 equipped with more powerful engines AL-21F, and the need for application-4 36 RD35 no more.
Replacement wing structure in a T-6 changing wing sweep for the first time held in 1967 year. He led this part of the work aircraft OS Samoilovich. The founder Office PO Dry directly involved in all stages of development. This aircraft was the first in the Soviet Union, placing pylons which carried out on the moving elements of the wings.
Modified version, called T-6-2I as the first prototype, test flew the VS Ilyushin 17.01.1970. T-6 has received the official name of the Su-24.
The resulting model is very similar to the American fighter version of F-111, created at the end of 60-x, but to say that the Su-24 it is a copy, you can not.
The first flight of the Su-24 held 17.01.1970. The program lasted from state testing of 1970 1974 years. For service took Su-24 4.02.1975. Test flights are sometimes accompanied by unpleasant and emergencies. In particular, it revealed a lack of engine design. Due to the fact that his body is made of titanium, there was such a thing as "Titanium" Fires: flammable compressor blades, which led to the rapid destruction of attack aircraft in the air.
Su-24 served as the base model for the creation and modification jammer scout. Subsequent modifications become equipped complex in-flight refueling.
During state testing, there are over 2000 flights. The Su-24M GSI were performed on 1976 1981 years. 22.06.1983 Soviet leadership Sioux 24M been put into service. Serially produced in Novosibirsk at the aircraft plant them. Chkalov in Komsomolsk-on-Amur plant them. Yuri Gagarin. In 1993, the serial production of Su-24 and all its modifications have stopped. Until that time, we managed to produce about 1200 bombers.
Upgraded version of the Su-24M-2 first flew in 2001 year. The first stage of state tests of the model aircraft started in 2004 year. In 2006-m have successfully completed the final phase of testing. In 2007 2 instance, the Su-24M2 transferred to Lipetsk there fighting for passing the test of the front of the aircraft. The first batch of production Su-24M2 entered the Russian Air Force at the end of the year 2009.
The design of the Su-24
Sukhoi Su-24 2 has a motor and a variable sweep wing. The position of the wings depends on the task that performs aircraft: 16 ° - takeoff / landing, 35 ° - subsonic cruising flight, 45 ° - combat maneuvering, 69 ° - flight at transonic and supersonic speeds. The aircraft is equipped with a retractable tricycle landing gear. The fuselage has a semi-monocoque design, the cabin is designed for two people. Management double, the crew consists of a pilot and navigator sitting side by side. Cabin crew has catapulted seats K-36DM.
The aircraft has two turbojet engine AL-21F-3, produced during afterburner thrust equal 2 × 11 500 kgs. The total capacity of the fuel tanks is 11 700 L on the external load can be placed two additional tanks at 3000 liters each. Thus, the maximum range of the Su-24 2850 is km.
The bow of the attack aircraft takes fuel consumer boom, which provides air refueling aircraft.
The equipment includes Su-24 digital airborne sighting and navigation system "Puma", the weight of which is 837 kg. On-board equipment also includes a forward-looking radar "Orion" and the radar "relief", signaling a possible collision during a low-altitude flight. The latter is responsible for piloting the aircraft on a given route, the automatic rejection of the aircraft in a given direction, returning to the base airfield and reduced to a height of 40-50 meters during landing.
The supersonic bomber of Soviet (Russian) is in service with the Air Force to 1978 city
Design feature - the wing in flight variable geometry. Sweep angle brackets - 16-68 °.
Powerplant: two turbojet engines KB SK Tumansky P-295 7850 kg of thrust, with afterburner running - on 11 280 kg.
The performance characteristics of the Su-24
Wingspan, m 10,0-17,25
Length, m 20,0
Height, m 6,6
Wing area, m2 38-49
empty weightplane kg21 00
Launch weight, kg 41 000
Flight speed, km / h 2,2M
Flight range, km 1500
Ceiling, m 16 500
Combat load (missiles, bombs) kg 8000
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