Stringer aircraft. Stringer wing aircraft
Stringer - a longitudinal element of the power set of plane which is associated with the ribs and the wing skin or fuselage frames. The main purpose is the thrust of compression and tension. Stringer also accepts local aerodynamic loads, trim secures and enhances its rigidity.
Depending on the location and destination of the local stringers can gain typical, butt, and head-end. By strengthening local refers to the location of the stringers places where the focus the load or on the edges of the cut-outs in the casing. Play-stringers are lining the joints, types provides whole rigidity.
Modern aircraft feature new stringers from bent extruded sections and steps in 150-400 mm. In areas of possible cracks to enhance the survivability of the entire structure in the skin are put stringers of durable materials that act as distribution stops cracks - stoppers. Some power schemes have a powerful set of stringer, spar belt where pretty mild. In such cases, the cross-sectional areas of the side members of the same order as the cross-sectional area of the stringers. Therefore stringers differ from weak spar section.
The functions are determined by structural and power circuitry. The wing spar-type stringers act as reinforcement sheathing to improve its critical tangential stresses in the wing to bending and torsion. They take part in the transfer of the wind load directly on the ribs. The monoblock wing, in addition to this, together with a set of stringer skin receives the majority of the bending moments. Plating and stringers at the same time work on the compression and decompression, they are regulatory pressure. Weight stringer varies depending on the design about 12% total weight of the wing.
Furthermore, the fuselage stringers perform its role in accordance with the diagram. The monocoque (fuselage stringer) load perceived skin, which is supported by a large number of stringers, and in some cases may include a set of spars. This type is used in the fuselage IL-96, Tu-154, SSJ. The spars, fuselage stringer in those parts where you have to make huge cuts applied spar circuit passing in stringer, due to the addition of stringers and longerons cross sections decrease. A striking example - the MiG-15.
There are several types of sectional forms stringers:
Interrupted profiles have a higher critical compressive stress than the bent shapes of identical sections and equal to the area of the cross member. For this reason, in compressed panels monoblock wing stringers are mainly used in extrusions. Bent shape of the profile used for the stringers, which under main load acting on the wings of the tension. Closed profile with paneling forms a closed loop, ensures that higher voltages than equal in cross-sectional area at the other types.
To reduce the mass and create equally robust construction stringers are created along the span of the variable cross-sectional area which diminishes toward the end of the wing. The wall thickness of stringer normally varies 0,5-3,0 mm.
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