The front landing gear
The front chassis is a one of the important components of the aircraft, may provide additional rigidity to the wings or feathers aircraft. The reception is one of the main components chassis systems in airplanes any class. This part of the chassis receives and transmits the aircraft body relaxed static loads. The maximum load per rack is marked with the planting. Damping system allows the chassis to minimize the blow from touchdown when landing.
Landing gear in the truss fuselage
Truss fuselage structure is designed so that all the load assumes a farm that consists of three or four flat shape trusses. In this arrangement, in addition to the rack, and are an important part of braces and struts. The truss fuselage landing gear works in compression and tension. In modern aircraft construction truss type of housing is almost never used, because more efficient beam is the fuselage. The advantage of the beam of the fuselage is that the load torque and power of the landing gear is transmitted to the whole body by the power frame, consisting of stringers, spars and frames.
Rack stands the most important structural components of the aircraft landing gear. This part receives and transmits a total airframe all dynamic and static loads occurring at the time of takeoff.
The components of the landing gear
Stacking brace - provides the perception of loads of Lot forces.
Shock chassis - ensures smooth movement of the aircraft on the runway system. The main objective is to damping of oscillations and shocks that occur when the machine touch the runway on landing. In most cases, long-stroke damping using nitrogen-oil shock absorbers with multiple cameras. If necessary, set the stabilizing dampers.
Bracing - it stems, that have a diagonal position relative to the hinge of the polygon that is formed stays and bar. In turn, the brace provides invulnerability of the whole structure of the polygon.
Traverses - chassis elements that provide a rack mount to the fuselage or wing.
Orientation rack gear - enables a turn with the release or cleaning racks.
At the reception there is a lower node located at the base of the design, it allows for mounting the wheels.
Locks - the mechanisms that allow us to fix the rack in position.
Cylinders - provides cleaning and landing gear systems.
Initially, when the first machines in aviation they had a fixed landing gear. It was one of the main sources of disturbances of aerodynamics in flight. To reduce the degree of resistance on the chassis of aircraft installed shields - fairing that covered the rack and the chassis. chassis systems, which were removed in the fuselage started to use with the advent and development of high-speed aircraft. Of course, this complicates the design and add extra weight, but the car took on the necessary streamlining. In modern models of chassis rack system airliners removed along the span of the wing to the fuselage.
shock resistant Layouts
Depending on the manner in which shock absorbers are arranged relative to the support, such types of racks is isolated circuits:
The telescopic structure of the scheme combines the rack tube type shock absorber. The tube acts as a cylinder, which is located in the middle of the piston and piston rod, the connection elements forms a pair of telescoping. The bottom of the rod are mounted wheels. To avoid the possibility of turning the rod in the middle of the cylinder using a hinge, providing Stem under the influence of the machine weight.
This scheme has some drawbacks, among which is the lack of lateral loads and loads of depreciation of a frontal collision. Part of the front kick is amortized by tilting the landing gear in the plane parallel to the symmetry of the body. A more efficient option is considered to be swinging telescopic racks. In this embodiment, the rack fixed on. Stiffness released position is provided by strut.
Lever arrangement differs in that the gear wheels are mounted on a lever system connected to the fuselage or permanent joint. Due to the fact that the shock absorber strut rod connected to the lever pivot on itself support the bending moment is not transmitted. It provides excellent conditions for the seal damper.
There are three main subtypes of arm racks:
Lever rack in the middle of a shock absorber set.
Lever Front shock absorber with remote type, which is mounted on the outside of the support.
Lever type without stand.
All of these options allow the structure of the pillars provide excellent cushioning at the front of the aircraft impact. This is carried out rotation of the lever and the further compression damper.
Polurychazhnaya circuit has elements in its design as a lever and strut. The main difference is that the chassis wheels are attached by hinges to the rack itself and not to the stem. Shock absorber struts begin their work under vertical load. Mitigating the impact of the front is excellent, but it is transferred to the rod with its further bending.
How to make a landing gear? (video)
Landing with a strong side wind, look at the chassis
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation