Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation
The world has recognized name and company that has been created by our compatriot Igor Sikorsky. Currently the company of this brilliant designer located in Hartford in the US, and it is designated as a United Technologies. This company was founded back in the year 1929, after which it, along with other aviation companies united in one corporation for the production of a variety of aircraft in the United States. But before moving to work in the US, Sikorsky was able to start his professional career in the USSR.
With regard to the company's Sikorsky, it is a huge holding company with a worldwide reputation, which includes a large number of smaller enterprises. All of them have been absorbed by giant UTC or are a further development of the original specialty shops. The most famous and well-developed of the firms holding a Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, which is a world leader in the production of helicopters for various purposes. All Holding has a very large profit, given the positive economic position and active development were obtained by selection of qualified specialists from different branches of the aviation structure. This company today employs more than 223 thousand.
Getting Started Sikorski and the historical development of its development
His first creation was designed by Sikorsky still 20-age. It was Zrazy two cars with a very simple design. The first machine was ready in 1909 year, it could lift off the ground in a weight of 9 pounds. This unit did not even have the swash screw rotor was made in a coaxial design scheme.
The very first car Sikorski was presented to the public during the two-day exhibition, which was held in Kiev and was dedicated to aeronautics innovation. All of this took place in November 1909 years. In 1911 it was made the second such device with almost the same flight characteristics and design features. None of the cars manufactured have not been able to take off with the pilot on board. These are initial failure led to the fact that Sikorsky turned his attention to the development of aircraft.
The next creation of the designer became a snowmobile, which were made in 1910 year. In the same year it created the first Sikorsky aircraft with the designation C-2. He was able to take off with the pilot on board. Only in 1911, the designer of the pilot was able to get a diploma, which allowed more familiar with the operation. After graduation he spent Sikorsky testing and test your own creations aircraft.
The best-known device that was manufactured by Sikorsky even in our country, the plane was "Grand" or, as it is called, "Ilya Muromets". It can rightly be called a prototype of all domestic aircraft. It was he who laid the foundation for the entire multi-engine aircraft industry of our country. This machine labeled "C-6» March 1912 year could set a world speed record. In setting the record machine ran designer himself and sped it up to 111 km / h. But apart from him, there were passengers on board the 2 and 5 passengers with this unit can fly at a speed of 106 km / h.
Test aircraft type C-6 «Ilya Muromets"
The first long flight Sikorsky carried on his airplane "Ilya Muromets" from St. Petersburg to Kiev, it was in the middle of summer 1912 years. Along with the designer of the flight he made five other people who were interested in this machine. Takeoff car place in the early morning, and the White Nights of St. Petersburg only contributed to this. After takeoff, the designer and his work met the first difficulties, namely a strong headwind, because of which the airspeed indicator dropped to 70 miles per hour. During the flight, "Ilya Muromets" was forced to make two landings to refuel with gasoline. The first stop was made in the village of Orsha, and the second near the station Kopys. During the second landing had to make minor repairs of the fuel system.
During the flight, as if nature was against the plans of the pilots because, in addition to strong winds on the way we met a powerful storm clouds. This had to be flown under the heavy rain, but then the decision was made to climb to a height of 1,3 kilometers, to be above the clouds. This again showed excellent flight characteristics of the machine. But while the pilot could not see the ground, he could be guided only by the compass. After the pilot declined to look at where they are, it turns out that they have more of Kiev and had to go back. In this flight the aircraft type C-6 1020 covered the distance in miles in just 13 hours. This flight Sikorski said the quality of the machine and made a ego name in the world history of aviation.
In the future, Sikorsky has worked on improving his bomber-6. Fuselage design has been improved, namely its streamlining, was converted farm pilot. After modifications to the air show in Moscow the designer was awarded a large gold medal, it happened in 1912 year. By 1915 it was the second prototype is ready, but it was already a fighter with the designation With board-16. It was created for the implementation of joint combat missions with the aircraft, "Ilya Muromets". He could spend quality aerial dogfights with enemy vehicles. The new device is the first fighter in the world, which began to produce commercially. Further development of fighter in Russia were not so successful and was only made prototypes.
After the winter, the designer of 1918 left home, he moved to France where he was also involved in aircraft construction. The French government ordered his bombers 5 new type, but ultimately this order has been canceled because of the armistice in Europe in the autumn of 1918 years. At the Sikorsky design activities in France it was completed.
In the spring of the year 1919 Designer lived in the United States, where he continued to work on their projects. In 1923 was opened aviation company Sikorsky, which was designated as the Sikorsky Aero Corporation. At first the enterprise was on the verge of bankruptcy. But when you have found the financing business in the company went much better, allowing to develop and produce up to 1939 years 15 different aircraft. 1939 It was a turning point for this company, since it has been decided to discontinue the development of aircraft and actively take up the creation of helicopters.
New devices, as opposed to those that have been created in Russia, have been equipped with automatic skew. Due to this, they had a much better flight performance and were more customers demand. The first helicopter of the company had the designation Sikorsky 300, he first took to the air in the autumn of 1939 years. This machine had a lot to do with the helicopter, which was established in Russia, but it has been significantly upgraded and improved.
From that moment began the era Sikorsky helicopters. Further models of helicopters Sikorsky company received many awards and have established more than one world record. Thus, the device in the S-61 1967 became the first helicopter that was able to fly over the Atlantic Ocean, and in another year 3 model S-65 was able to overcome the Pacific Ocean. These flights are carried out with the help of refueling. The company produced a variety of Sikorsky helicopters for military purposes and for civilian needs. The latest creation of designer Sikorsky helicopter has become a model S-58, after he retired. But this did not end the production of helicopters corporation Sikorsky.
Products of the company has received numerous state awards, and the Sikorsky received the Medal of ASME, which was provided by the company engineers and mechanics USA.
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