Bumblebee-1 from Yakovleva
"Bumblebee-1» is an unmanned aerial vehicle short range. It was created for the purpose of intelligence operations in the tactical depth, and for use in the national economy.
Development of mini-UAVs began engineers from OKB Yakovlev in 1982 year. The project was based on the experience of combat employment of UAVs in Israel during the war years 1982. The first UAV took to the skies in a year after the design. It was with the PD power 20 hp Total pre-production test models built around 50 copies - UAV "Bee". They were used as an experimental intelligence, electronic warfare and transponder. Almost all of them were equipped with landing pneumatic cushioning device.
"Bumblebee-1» began to develop in 1985 year. He had a large, Four wheel chassis. UAV "Bee-1», equipped with infrared and television equipment, started tests in 1989 year. In 92-m began testing the air in the form of the target.
This air reusable device is made by a standard aerodynamic configuration with a screw-type push-in ring nozzle. UAV calculated ten applications. Implementation of the start made by the two fuel accelerators with a small guide. It is located on the chassis BMD-1. Planting is carried out by parachute depreciation. Fixed landing gear can keep vertical load 10.
Transport and storage of the air unit carried disassembled in fiberglass containers.
"Bumblebee-1" together with the ground starting equipment combined into "Siberian Crane" - a set of aerial surveillance. Also included in the integrated control station and the launch. It is available on the crawler airborne combat vehicle BMD-1. There is also a service station movable type.
This unit is equipped with sets of removable type of intelligence. They include a TV and TV cameras, which are mounted on the ventral gyrostabilized platform. Television camera is remotely modifiable variable viewing angle (3 - 30 '). Range Surveillance IR sensor has 3,4 altitude. Among the various options of TV sensors chosen one that the resolution is three mrad.
For the stable flight of the UAV "Bee-1» meets a number of devices. Among them, the autopilot, which is made up of a calculator, compass, vertical gyroscopes, angular velocity sensors, and actuators aileron. There is also a rudders and height, and the throttle is the main engine.
To ground complex, launching UAVs are tracked chassis are built into the BMD-1 control station and an integrated starter station, the UAV itself and the mobile type service station.
Only one "Bumblebee-1» can fit in the crawler. launch and control station can operate automatically and are able to make a preliminary inspection and commissioning. Thanks to the TV camera of the UAV is the transfer of the image by the monitor. It is set on the ground part of the complex. coordinates and the approximate route are also displayed.
One ground station can be controlled simultaneously by two devices. Range does not exceed the mark of 60 km.
"Bumblebee-1" served as an excellent base for an improved model of "Bee-1T", which apparently does not differ from it.
|engine's type||1 AP|
|Power, hp||X 1 32|
|Cruising speed, km / h||140|
|Flight duration, h||2|
|Practical ceiling, m||3000|
|The minimum flight altitude, m||100|
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