Aircraft Piper J-3 Cub. Specifications. A photo
Piper J-3 Cub is a small, lightweight single-engine multi-purpose aircraft, developed by Piper Aircraft Corporation at the end of 30-ies of the last century.
A photoPiper J-3 Cub
Development of the aircraft Piper J-3 Cub began in 1935 year, thus, before the American aircraft manufacturers was an important task, which consists not only in developing a reliable aircraft, but actually in the creation of multi-purpose aircraft, which could be used not only in some areas ( transportation of people and goods), and military aircraft, as well as a training aircraft, etc.
In 1938 year model Piper J-3 Cub was officially presented, and, practically plane immediately began to enjoy great success - this model could be used for the carriage of mail, as well as the surveillance of air that subsequently interested in the Air Force in purchase such aircraft.
Piper J-3 Cub photo
Regardless of the modification, which is just over 9 years production was far more than a dozen, the plane was completed with low-power power plant - piston engine Continental A-40 (basic manufacturing option) enables the development of power just 37 hp, but despite this, the speed of the aircraft was established within 125 km \ h (maximum flight speed of the basic version of the aircraft).
On board the aircraft Piper J-3 Cub can accommodate only two people - a pilot and a passenger, but, despite this, the plane active unpopular - in a relatively short production period, more than 20 thousands of these aircraft were built (including all versions).
Piper J-3 Cub
In July 1938 years, it was presented just three additional modifications:
- Piper J-3C40 Cub (promoted a number of minor changes);
- Piper J-3C50 Cub (the engine is installed in 50 hp);
- Piper J-3C50S Cub (used float chassis).
In 1938 were presented models of Piper J-3F50 Cub and Piper J-3F50S Cub, which was used by the new engine Franklin 4AC-150 Series 50 50 power in hp, and the main difference between the two versions was the presence in the Piper J-3F50S model Cub float chassis.
In May 1939 years, aeronautical engineer Piper Aircraft decided to go to the Lycoming engine operation, and therefore, there are such models as Piper J3L Cub (piston engine Lycoming O-145-A2 \ A3 capacity of up to 50 65 hp l. a.), Piper J3L-S Cub (piston engine Lycoming O-145-A2 \ A3 capacity of up to 50 65 hp hp and float chassis), as well as versions Piper J3L-65 Cub and Piper J3L- 65S Cub, get the engine Lycoming O-145-B1 (65 hp), and differ only in the types of used chassis.
CabinPiper J-3 Cub
In 1939 and 1940 years, a series of modifications has been made, in view of which there are versions of the aircraft, such as:
- Piper J-3C65 Cub (uses a new engine capacity of up to 65 90 hp hp);
- Piper J-3C65S Cub (analogue version of the J-3C65 float chassis).
Modifications Piper J-3F60 Cub and Piper J-3F60S Cub were transferred to the motor Franklin 4AC-150 Series A capacity of 65 hp - Distinguishing feature was the presence of the floating chassis. Analogues of these versions are also models of Piper J-3F65 Cub and Piper J-3F65S Cub, used here with piston powerplants Franklin 4AC-176-B2 capacity of 65 hp
Model Piper J3P Cub received the three-cylinder radial engine with a capacity of Lenape 50 hp, but because of the low reliability of the model is not popular.
Version Piper J-3R Cub got slotted flaps, as well as equipped with an engine Lenape LM-3-65 65 power in HP Low reliability of the power plant has not led to the popularity of the current modification.
In 1944 year it has been a model of Piper J-3X Cub equipped console wing and engine Continental A-65-8 65 power in hp, which is reliable and simple in terms of operation and maintenance.
Cammandre 1 - French modification version Piper J-3 Cub, partially used in military aviation;
Poullin J.5A - a special version to convert for cargo transportation;
Poullin J.5B - analogue version Poullin J.5A, equipped with a more powerful engine.
Among other things, due to the fact that the plane of light-interested and air forces of the United States, especially for the country's Air Force the following modifications have been developed:
- YO-59 (Modification on the basis of the civil version of the Piper J-3C65 Cub);
- O-59 (Enhanced version YO-59);
- O-59A (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4 (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4A (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4B (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4C (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4D (Enhanced version Piper J3L-65);
- L-4H (Improved version of O-59);
- L-4J (Improved version of L-4H);
- UC-83A (Enhanced version Piper J3L-65);
- TG-8 (3-berth version);
Specifications Piper J-3 Cub.
- Crew: 1 people;
- Passenger: 1 people (depending on version);
- aircraft Length: 6,83 m (depending on version).
- Wingspan: 10,74 m (depending on version).
- Plane Height: 2,03 m (depending on version).
- Weight of empty aircraft: 345 kg. (Depending on version);
- Payload: 205 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 550 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 121 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 140 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight distance: 354 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 3500 m (depending on version).
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: Continental A-65-8 (depending on version);
- Power: 65 hp (Depending on version).
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