The Tu-22 M3. Description. Characteristics. A photo. Video.
Tu 22 M3 - multimode supersonic strategic bomber - Bomber, designed to hit a target in enemy territory, which is a deeply modernized version TU 22M2 with greatly enhanced combat and defensive capabilities. Development of machines EDO AN Tupolev was conducted from the year 1974 and 20 1977 year in June, the first test flight. For service in the Air Force he entered the car 1978 year and was produced by the Kazan Aviation and production association to 1993 years (CAPO). Release TU 22 M3 was limited to the scope of an agreement on the reduction of strategic offensive arms SALT-2 and for the entire period was released 268 units.
Tu-22 M3 photo
Tu-22 M3 a number of indicators is significantly superior to its predecessor, the Tu-22 M2, in particular on high-speed mode - the car can reach a maximum speed of up to 2300 km / h, increased tactical radius of action at 14-45% (depending on the flight modes), and combat effectiveness.
Tu-22 M3 photo
The technical characteristics of the car is significantly superior to their foreign counterparts. Practical range TU 22M3 of 7 thousand km, cruising speed 930 km / h, the maximum 2300 km / h, the maximum lifting weight of the machine can be 124 tons.
Key design features of the aircraft are in the geometric variability of the wing, in the all-moving vertical stabilizer and single-fin tail assembly, made of aluminum alloy. The wing consists of a swivel arm, which can be set to sweep angle, depending on the speed, 200, 300 and 650, and the stationary part of the whole.
Rotary wing aerodynamic components are protected by the ridges that help protect the console from overflowing air. By deflected horizontal tail, you can duplicate the cross controls when emergency situations associated with their failure.
Tu-22 M3 photo
The aircraft is equipped with two turbojet engines NK-25, developing power with afterburner to 25 thousand. Kg. Managing power plant is carried out on the electrical system ECM-25, and in the event of its failure is provided back-up hydromechanical system. Domestic aircraft tanks total capacity of 50 thousand liters, located in the keel, the center section in the mobile and the fixed part of the wing and the central part of the fuselage.
Tu-22 M3 cabin
Onboard TU22M3 equipment consists of navigation and piloting of the complex, allowing the aircraft to automatically make a flight on a predetermined route, sighting and navigation radar system, RAP means by which made radar reconnaissance, jamming, notification of irradiation radars, the release of heat flares and reflectors , IR station provided for the crew alert approaching enemy missiles.
Tu-22 M3 scheme
The combat equipment of the aircraft may include: three supersonic missiles "air-ground" ten aeroballistic missiles to destroy ground enemy targets, as well as to 12 tons of conventional or nuclear bombs, which are located in the fuselage and on the outside of the suspension. The aircraft also equipped with defensive weapons - gun GSH-23 with a rate of up to 4 thousand rounds per minute.
TU 22 M3 still stands in the Russian arsenal. In 2008, the aircraft successfully performed combat missions entering the war in South Ossetia, causing sighting air strikes against bases and depots of the enemy ammunition.
TU-22 M3 characteristics
|maximum (65 degree)||34.28|
|minimum (20 degree)||23.30|
|Wing area, m2|
|maximum (65 degree)||183.57|
|Minimal (20 degree)||175.80|
|Fuel Weight, kg||53550|
|engine's type||2-25 DTRDF NC|
|besforsazhny||X 2 14500|
|afterburner||X 2 25000|
|Maximum speed km / h|
|near the ground||1050|
|Cruising speed, km / h||930|
|Practical range, km||7000|
|Combat radius of action, km|
|at supersonic speed||1500-1850|
|at subsonic speeds at ground level||1500-1650|
|at subsonic velocity profile on the mixed||2410|
|Practical ceiling, m||13300|
|Armament:||one 23-mm gun GSH-23L|
|combat load - 24000 kg (maximum) and|
|12000 kg (normal)|
|1-3 UR type X-22M|
|10 aeroballistic missiles X-15|
Tu-22 M3 video
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