Plane crash Boeing 737-500 airlines Tatarstan in Kazan airport
24.12.2015: International Aviation Committee (IAC) in the investigation of the crash of Boeing 737-500, which took place in Kazan in November 2013 years and claimed the lives of 50 people revealed systemic weaknesses in the work of crews, airlines and aviation authorities at all levels, according to the final report of the organization published on its website.
"The cause of the crash Boeing 737-500 VQ-BBN were systemic weaknesses in the identification of hazards and control the level of risk, as well as non-functional safety management system in the airline and lack of control over the level of training of crew members from the aviation authorities of all levels (Tatar MTU BT , Federal Air Transport Agency), which has led to the admission to the flight crew unprepared ", - the report says.
November 17 2013 years. Boeing 737 airline "Tatarstan" made a regular flight from Moscow to Kazan. In the slang of the pilots is the so-called "short" trip. In the air, the plane was supposed to be just an hour 1 20 minutes. At the helm - crew commander Rustem Salikhov. Next to him, the co-pilot - Victor Gutsul. On board were 44 passenger. Among them - the son of the president of Tatarstan Irek Minnikhanov. Also this flight flying head of the FSB of the republic Alexander Antonov. The wife and daughter of a famous sports commentator Roman Skvortsov flew in this plane.
The plane was the standard approach. He flew with the speed of 250 km / h. Before the band he was about 500 m. At this point, Rustem Salimov said at the ground of an extraordinary situation, and decided to go to the second round. However, to make this maneuver the crew did not succeed. After about a minute the plane swooping angle 70 degrees, hit the ground near the runway. A strong explosion was heard for several kilometers.
After the collapse of the fire started. Emergency services worked until the early hours. When the fire was extinguished, a team of investigators went to work. In front of them was a terrible picture. The plane hit the ground with such force that no one could survive. Even from multi-ton machine was left virtually nothing. Luggage, chairs, pieces of the fuselage - it was literally crumble. In the crash killed 50 people. 44 6 passengers and crew members.
People who came to the airport to meet their relatives, friends or colleagues froze in horror. No one understood how this could happen.
Witness: Every last hoped for the wrong passenger lists and that their relatives were not on board.
Woe to the country to unite everyone. Since the disaster at Kazan airport taxi drivers do not ratcheted up rates. On the contrary, they hung a sign reading "The free city", and carried the people gratuitously. In all the mosques and churches held services for the victims.
The primary task of investigators who are investigating the crash - to find so-called "black boxes". This parametric and voice recorders. They register all the parameters of the flight of the aircraft, as well as negotiations in the cockpit. Parametric recorder found almost immediately, but it was badly damaged. Despite this, he was sent to Moscow for decoding. This important matter was engaging the Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC).
Causes of the crash in Kazan
As long as the decoding, the investigators studied the records of chambers of airport security. But they can see only the last seconds of the flight. According to signal lights and portholes Boeing can determine its position. It is oriented vertically, nose to the ground. What triggered this?
To get to the truth of IAC experts armed with a hammer, chisel and pliers. Protective cover flight recorder severely deformed. However, revealing the shell, they determined that the unit itself is suitable for use. Next was a day of hard work.
November 19 2013, the IAC presented the preliminary results of decoding the parametric recorder. On it it was reconstituted last moments of life of the liner and the people. It turned out that the crew, for whatever reason are not able to go from the first landing.
Expert: Kazan International Airport - Airport native of both pilots. To them he was thoroughly known. They came here many times and in different weather conditions. They happened to land the plane and in extreme conditions.
Plane crash in Kazan Photo
But at some point the pilots informed the dispatcher that go to the second round because of not landing configuration.
Judge: If the landing configuration provides a specific angle of the slats and flaps. If the pilot reported that he had no landing configuration, with the release of mechanization it means there was something wrong.
However, having examined this question, the investigators concluded that there were no failures in the separate units and the aircraft were not. And all mechanization He is working properly. The only reasonable assumption was that during landing ship could carry to the side of the central axis of the runway strong gust of wind. Whatever it was, up to this moment the pilots did everything according to the instructions. The crew disconnected the autopilot and began to approach the second round. The engines were put into a mode close to take-off. The plane began to perk up, or as experts say, "went on to pitch up."
Expert: Due to the action of pitching moment from the thrust, the plane went into the climb, and reached pitch angle in 25 degrees. The climb was too harsh, and the aircraft's speed began to decrease. After that, the crew removed the chassis. No more action, climb, the crew did not take.
Plane crash in Kazan Video
When idle pilots of the aircraft reached an altitude of 45 seconds in 700 m., And at the highest point lost speed. Attack angleThat is, the position of the wing to the air flow has become critical. The engine is running, but fly the plane could not. At this point, the pilot tried to align the aircraft that would be the one picked up speed. However, this led to a stall and intensive dive. 20 seconds later, the plane did not just dropped, and flew vertically into the ground with the engine running at a speed of 450 km / h.
In aviation circles believe that after the plane went into a dive, a chance to save the ship, at the pilots of the Boeing was not.
Judge: There is a point of no return. The plane had lost speed and went into the stall. Bring it to such a low altitude it was impossible.
Now, when the experts were a picture of what happened, they had a question about the qualifications of pilots. Explore their personal affairs, they found that in spite of great experience, commander sat at the helm of not so long ago. Rusetm Salikhov began to develop only in the Boeing 737 2012 year. On that fateful flight first time in its practice, faced with the need to go to the second round. A co-pilot, according to data just two years ago I worked as a flight engineer. It is known that the airline "Tatarstan" had financial difficulties and could not spend much money on the maintenance of the professional level of its pilots. Even in Europe, honestly, because of the financial crisis, companies are trying to minimize the educational training of pilots.
The representative of the trade union of pilots, all airlines are experiencing severe financial pressure. For example, in Germany, pilot training on the simulator before 4 held once a year. However, the reality is reduced to a minimum amount allowed by law.
As for the crashed plane, the first time he took to the skies in the far 1990 year. Before "Tatarstan", he visited the property seven airlines. He flew in France, Uganda, Brazil, Ireland and Bulgaria. Of course, age - not the main thing for the aircraft. The question is, how it operated and repaired in cases of failure. Over the years 23 Boeing crashed into me and repaired much. We know that one day he landed on his belly, and in 2012, during the flight there was a depressurization of the cabin.
In general, statistics is striking. From before 10 20 percent of all those killed in the crash of the world falls on Russia. This is despite the fact that passenger traffic in Russia is only 2,8 percent of the world.
Plane crash in Kazan once again pointed to the deplorable situation in the Russian civil aviation. Total in Russia 122 operating air carrier. And monitor how the implemented security measures in all of these companies is very difficult. Also worth noting is that although the voice recorder from the crashed airliner was found, the IAC has not yet unveiled its contents. What is told what to do or what not to do in the last seconds of the pilots? All the nuances crash Boeing 737 airline "Tatarstan" remain unknown.
Date of the crash: 17.11.2013
The time of the crash: 19: 24
Country air crash: Russia
Place the plane crash: airport Kazan
Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-500
Join the aircraft: VQBBN
Aviation company name: Tatarstan
Chronology of events:
The crew performed a regular passenger flight 363 Domodedovo - Kazan. The attack on this type of the second pilot and the commander were respectively 1943 and 2509 hours (including 528 hours post). Before receiving his pilot certificate, the commander worked as a navigator and co-pilot, as a mechanic.
The weather in Kazan airport for the period from 17.11.2013, 15: 00 (UTC) to 18.11.2013, 15: 00 (UTC) assumed the wind at ground level 9 m / s, 240 °, gusts up to 15 m / s Clear height 210 m scattered solid, 390 m tall cumulonimbus, visibility 10 km, the surface layer of moderate turbulence in the clouds moderate icing at times: light rain, visibility 1200 m, considerable cloudiness height m 120, 300 m significant height cumulonimbus.
Current conditions at Kazan airport at the time of accident: wind 7 m / s, 220 °, gusts 10 m / s, the wind at the height of the circle 16 m / s, 250 °, light rain and snow, visibility 10 km Mostly pannus, stratocumulus, octanes 8, 220 m tall, weak ice in the clouds.
When approaching the aerodrome controller informed the crew about the lateral deviation from the route axis approximately 4 km. Inquiries by the crew on the vectoring and proposals from the controller vectoring was not. Sunset was performed on the strip 29 (INC = 292 °), ILS (kursoglissadnaya system) automatically. Coupled reversal 3-4 was filled with significant "crank." The plane after leaving the turning was much more to the right than the rate of call. To enter the boarding crew took a course a course 250 ° HDG SEL mode autopilot. When you exit into the beam was performed to decrease the height of approximately 1000 feet (300 m) above the strip in a fixed vertical speed mode.
Capture localizer held at a distance of approximately 2 km from the runway threshold, then was filled with automatic reset on planting rate. Because of the high altitude (about 1000 feet), which is in the mode of the autopilot altitude hold was maintained, there was not capturing the glide path beacon. After the passage of the marker near the lighthouse crew analyzed the position of the aircraft relative to the band as "neposadochnoe", it reported to the dispatcher and began mode TOGA autothrottle missed approach. One of the two autopilots, which was involved in the process of approach was switched off automatically and a further flight took place in manual director mode. Engines have become the settlement mode (~ 83% of N1), which saves almost before the collision with the ground plane. The crew of the situation 30 ° flaps retracted position 15 °. Under the influence of the pitching moment, which arose due to the flap retraction and increase engine thrust, the plane went into a climb, the pitch angle became about 25 °. Indicated airspeed began to decrease, a stabilizer, apparently became automatically passed on to the dive mode. The crew carried out the landing gear.
From the beginning the missed approach the crew did not take action in respect of the aircraft wheel control. The total duration of conducting radio communication with the controller from the beginning of the missed approach was approximately 16 seconds. After slowing down to 278 km / h to 231 km / h when the crew of the pitch angle 25 ° began column helm control actions to reduce the pitch attitude, which caused the termination of the climb, the aircraft and start reducing the growth rate of the instrument. The lowest value recorded airspeed was 117 nodes (217 km / h, the maximum height of 700 m above the line (in accordance with the scheme of call, when the missed approach is necessary to take the height of the circle 500 m).
The greatest angles of attack during the flight were longer operational constraints. The plane began to descend rapidly from a height of 700 m. EGPWS alarm tripped (improved system for the ground proximity warning) PULL UP and SINK RATE. Was no large deviations of the wheel to pitch, vertical overload went into negative values. The aircraft collided with the ground at high speed (more than 450 km / h) and more negative pitch angle (approximately 75 °). From the beginning of the missed approach until the end of the recording it was 45 seconds elapsed reduction of approximately 20 seconds.
Then there was a collision with the ground, which took place at night, in 19: 24 local time (15: 24 UTC) strip between 11 / 29 and the main taxiway (approximately 1850 meters from the runway span 29) plane is completely destroyed and burned partially. Killing all aboard.
Power plants have been in the labor movement up to the collision with the ground plane. Single commands that characterized the engine failure, units and systems of the aircraft, have been identified on the basis of the preliminary analysis.
Data on victims:
Total on board were people 50: 6 44 crew members and passengers. Total killed 50 people: crew 6, 44 passengers.
Details of the crash:
Phase of flight: a missed approach
Identified causes of the crash: an investigation
Data on the plane:
Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-500
Aircraft ID: VQBBN
The country in which the registered aircraft: Bermuda
Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 18.06.1990
The serial number of the aircraft :: 24785 / 1882
Hours aircraft: 51547
The cycles of use of the aircraft: 36595
Engines: 724225 724607
Tour type: Regular passenger
Aviation Company: Tatarstan
The country, which was registered aviation company: Russia
I flew from Moscow (Domodedovo)
Flying in: Kazan
Original item: Moscow (Domodedovo)
A final point: Kazan
Information about the crew:
KBC Salikhov Rustem Gabdrahmanovich
copilot Victor Nikiforovich Gutsul
senior flight attendant Nuria Dafiyatovna Zarifullina
Flight Inga Rafailevna Garifullina
Flight Stanislavovna Olga Kabanova
Flight Damir Fardatovich Khaydarov
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