Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec. Specifications. A photo.
Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec - American twin-engine light multipurpose aircraft, production of which was carried corporation Piper Aircraft Corporation during the period of 1952 1981 year.
A photoPiper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec
Development of the construction of small-engine aircraft Piper PA-23 conducted exclusively American aeronautical engineer from scratch. The main reason for this was the need to provide not only a fast, powerful and cost of the aircraft, but the aircraft with a unique design, namely such factors tend to lead to the great popularity of the aircraft. Design of the aircraft started in 50-ies of the last century, at the same time, despite the fact that the mass production of the aircraft enrolled in 1952 year, presented to the public, he was only in the year 1954.
Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec Photo
Depending on the modification of the aircraft, as well as on the configuration of the cabin, on board the aircraft could accommodate 3 to 5 passengers, and, if the original aircraft acquired quite insignificant popularity among air carriers, later, this model has been actively used to perform regular flights neprotyazhёnnym route directions. It is no less interesting aircraft Piper PA-23 evoked also from private owners, while, as of the end of the year 2014, in particular, the use is still about 6 thousand of these aircraft.
Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec
The base model Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec represented the power plant comprising two engines Lycoming O-320-A capacity 150 hp each. Small capacity engines perfectly offset by the low cost of the aircraft, as well as quite cheap service. Subsequently, on the basis of this version are designed various modifications, resulting in propulsion power increased to higher values. Originally intended to equip the aircraft with two engines in 125 hp each, but a little later it was decided to upgrade the aircraft to provide him with higher flight performance.
CabinPiper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec
In general, small-engine aircraft Piper PA-23 had good management and high maneuverability, making it successful enough, making a very effective competition aircraft other aircraft manufacturers, including Beechcraft, Cessna, etc.
Modifications Piper PA-23-150 Apache B, Piper PA-23-150 Apache C and Piper PA-23-150 Apache D, produced with 1956, 1957 and 1958 years, respectively, have received only minor changes relating mainly to the internal arrangement of the aircraft (vidoizmen1ёnnaya dashboard, new seats for passengers and drivers, etc.).
Model Piper PA-23-160 Apache E received a more powerful (160 hp each) engines Lycoming O-320-B, increased volume of fuel tanks, as well as a modified wing geometry, in connection with which this aircraft has become more efficient in terms of performance.
Version Piper PA-23-160 Apache Gstala have lengthened fuselage, and an additional window, providing mainly the function overview. If necessary, on board this model could accommodate up to 6 people (1 5 pilot and passenger).
Model Piper PA-23-160 Apache H is a revised version of the Apache G, the main difference is the presence of a new power plant, consisting of two reciprocating engines Lycoming O-320-B2B, total capacity in 320 hp
Modification of the Piper PA-23-235 Apache 235 is a five-seater model is equipped with a powerful (235 hp each) piston aircraft engines Lycoming O-540. Built 118 aircraft of this version.
Model Piper PA-23-250 Aztec was established on the basis of modifications Apache G, with a range of some technical changes, in particular a modified fuselage, improved steering, new engines Lycoming O-540-A1D capacity 250 hp Current modification became the most popular - for all the production of light-engine aircraft, a Piper Aircraft conveyor descended 4811 aircraft of this version.
Modification of the Piper PA-23-250 Aztec B has been revised on the basis of the previous version, thus, the key change was a modified fuselage, extended luggage compartment, 6-seater interior, a modified control panel, etc.
Piper PA-23-250 Aztec C was modified chassis and new engines - if required, the aircraft can also be equipped with a turbocharged aircraft engines Lycoming TIO-540-C4B5, thus ensuring a more efficient set of height, speed and smooth, even overcoming large distances.
Modifications Piper PA-23-250 Aztec D, Piper PA-23-250 Aztec E, and Piper PA-23-250 Aztec F received a number of minor improvements, mainly the internal arrangement of the cabin and cockpit, as well as the overall design of the aircraft.
Version of small-aircraft Piper PA-23-250 Turbo-Aztec is a complete copy of the model Aztec F, but unlike it was equipped with a turbocharged engine and new avionics.
Efforts are also being hitched to create and model a pressurized cabin, in connection with which the modification was built Piper PA-41P Pressurized Aztec, however, mass production of the aircraft has not been started due to the actual lack of orders.
Model Seguin Geronimo received several modifications, in particular, on the aircraft were fitted new engines and modernized fuselage.
Among other things, the aircraft Piper PA-23 also interested and air forces of the USA, in this connection, specifically for the Air Force, were created version UO-1 and U-11A, different from the civilian models mainly by the presence of special equipment and gear.
Most produced aircraft to 1981 years and continues to operate today.
Specifications Piper PA-23 Apache \ Aztec.
- Crew: 1 people;
- Passenger: 5 people (depending on version);
- aircraft Length: 9,52 m (depending on version).
- Wingspan: 11,34 m (depending on version).
- Plane Height: 3,15 m .;
- Weight of empty aircraft: 1442 kg. (Depending on version);
- Payload: 918 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 2360 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 278 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 446 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight distance: 2445 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 5775 m (depending on version).
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: 2 × Lycoming IO-540 (depending on version);
- Power: 2 × 250 hp (Depending on version).
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