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"Piper» 0-59 / L-4 / L-18 «Gresskhopper". A photo. Characteristics.
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"Piper» 0-59 / L-4 / L-18 «Gresskhopper". A photo. Characteristics.

"Piper» 0-59 / L-4 / L-18 «Gresskhopper". A photo. Characteristics.

 

USA

A type: single-engine reconnaissance and connected vysokoplan

Capacity: The pilot and the observer or passenger, arranged one behind the other

As planes "Aeronca» (Aeronca) L-3 and "Teylorkraft» (Taylorcraft) L-2, in this section, the aircraft L-4 «Gresskhopper» (Grasshopper - a grasshopper) of "Piper" is also widely used by the US Air Force as an artillery spotter and liaison aircraft. Like its peers, the aircraft L-4 was essentially a paramilitary modification of a successful civil construction of the previous decade, in this case - outstanding aircraft J-3 Cub mid 1930-ies the company "Taylor Aircraft Company» (Taylor Aircraft Company), later "Piper ".

Army Air Force first came to understand the utility of the aircraft during large-scale military maneuvers conducted in August 1941 years, which was used 44 hastily camouflaged aircraft "Cub» (Cub - beginner). After graduating from the US Air Force maneuvers of aircraft ordered 948 0-59 (such designation planes L-4 received at the time of admission to the operation), which had some differences from the civilian aircraft J-3, including an improved cabin layout with the location of crew members for each other. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, hundreds of former civil aircraft "Cub" has been translated into military service, and the total number 1943 built civil and military aircraft, "Cub" / "Gresskhopper" reached a point 10 LLC.

In some strange way the company "Piper" also received an order of the US Army Air Force training on the production of the glider under the designation GT-8 based aircraft "Gresskhopper" from which to remove the engine and chassis. Plane L-4 remained in service after the war, its improved modification of L-18 participated in hostilities Air Force in Korea in the early 1950-ies. Dozens of these aircraft "Gresskhopper" and once called up for military service aircraft J-3 remain in a state of airworthiness, "jumping" around the globe.

Basic data

Dimensions:

Length: 6,71 m

Wingspan: 10,74 m

Height: 2,03 m

Power point: 0-170-3 company "Continental"

Power: 65 l. from. (48 kW)

The weight:

  • BLANK: 331 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 533 kg

 

Date of first flight:

  • 1937 year

 

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 137 km / h
  • Range: 306 km

 

The surviving airworthymodifications:

  • J-3 Cub, 0-59, L-4A / B / H / J and L-18B / C

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