Novik-XXI Century Grant Tactical UAVs
Grant (Civil aerodynamic observer TV) - a complex of UAV, the development of which was carried out in 2000-2001 years. The initiators of this complex are:
Kyshtymsky radio factory, headed by director Vladimir Markin
SPC "Novik", headed by Chief Designer Chistyakov NV
Center interspecies unmanned aircraft, led by the commander of the structure GI Bebeshko
As planned complex of grants designed as an alternative complex "Stroy-P", which was completed UAV "Bee". On the development of other analog surveillance of the battlefield in Russia was not. Chief designer developed complex took N.V.Chistyakov, who had successfully developed and passed into service complex "Stroy-P" with the UAV "Bee". Chief Designer had the opportunity to consider all the flaws of the previous generation of the complex and create one that is superior to its predecessor in all aspects of quality.
The main error in the UAV "Bee" was in a big expensive during operation. Depreciation manned aircraft were much smaller.
Therefore, when creating a UAV Grant was originally a bet on low-cost production and operation. To achieve this, it was necessary to reduce the weight of the UAV, as well as use it the serial components and modern technologies that are mastered in aircraft modeling.
Safety device was raised by eliminating the configuration setting UAV parachute, which during the landing does not guarantee a successful landing. Planting Grant UAV performed on an aircraft. Savings in the operation of the complex can be traced in all - transport base are the cheapest SUVs - "UAZ".
The complex has a grant:
Automated base station (BARS) car UAZ-3741 or equivalent;
Freight launcher (TPU) on the car UAZ-3303 or equivalent;
RPV Grant (one TPU can be equipped with two containers with RPV grants).
At the beginning of the creation of a set of grants was positioned as a television watcher in real time. To fulfill its primary mission was to have been fitted with infrared and television cameras. But in fact, the infrared cameras were very expensive and limited to only installing television cameras. Simplifying payload made the rejection of a sample varifocal dome optics and suspension of television cameras. To increase the detail of the TV picture, we use a unique method of "Tral Chistyakov," which is based on the movement of the drone. The device sequentially scans for the presence of the underlying surface target three TV-cameras: narrow, medium and wide angle.
Already at the initial stage of designing complex designers it became clear that one operator would not be able to independently evaluate the image obtained in real time. Therefore, the base control station equipped with two seats for operators with computers.
One freight launcher complex Grant can be made simultaneously transport two UAVs, as well as perform prelaunch, preflight preparation and launch of RPV. For energy used to run the split weights gross weight kg 230. This solution helped to rid the complex from the use of gunpowder, which is not appropriate to civilian life.
Grant UAV - aerial vehicle is made by the normal scheme of the aircraft with a T-tail and high wing. The power plant is represented by a two-cylinder boxer engine, which uses as a fuel mixture of gasoline and synthetic oil.
Grant Tactical UAV. Characteristics:
|Wing area, m2||1.00|
|engine's type||1 PD 3W, ZDZ|
|Thrust, kgf||1 x|
|Maximum speed km / h||160|
|Cruising speed, km / h||120|
|Practical range, km||70|
|Flight duration, h||3|
|Practical ceiling, m||3000|
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