Coins Russian aviation history
We invite you to the most interesting history lesson that you can imagine. On April 1 2010, on how to develop the domestic aviation, tell us... A coin. No, this is - no joke. That same day, there were two outstanding silver commemorative coins from the new series of the Bank of Russia.
Coins series история Russian aviation They have a par value of one ruble, but the real value, of course, higher. The obverse of all the same: it is the emblem of the bank specified denomination, the sample of the precious metal, the year of issue and the trademark of the St. Petersburg Mint. And, here, on the reverse depicted the nicest aircraft.
We will begin our excursion. The first coin series flaunts "Russian Knight" - a heavy bomber development I.Sikorskogo debut flight which took place in May 1913 years. "Russian Knight" became the prototype for many subsequent models, in particular, for the legendary "Ilya Muromets".
In the second, the commemorative coin depicts SuperJet-100 from Sukhoi. This aircraft is already civil aviation.
The first coin is dedicated to the Soviet supersonic passenger plane. Tu-144 was intended to catch up and overtake "Concord" and still did it: first flight from Moscow to Alma-Ata held on for two months before a commercial flight Anglo-French Supersonic. * Tu-144 - a unique vehicle through which the country He received numerous advanced developments, technological and design solutions. The project was invested tremendous effort.
The second coin of the issue takes us to a distant 1926. Before the country's designers have set the task to create the initial aircraft training. Thus was born the Y-2 (training-second, rejected the first option). The aircraft received a multi-purpose: it was used in the agricultural sector, for aerial photography, transportation of passengers; existed sanitary and other modifications. In-2 could take off and land even on unprepared sites. When the war began, Wu-2 began to remodel light night bombers. In general, no wonder he earned the nickname "workaholic."
Coins Russian aviation history
The coins were sealed and military aircraft and Il-16-76.
And-16 - Soviet cantilever monoplane fighter for one motor with retractable landing gear. A small, movable, for which he received from the Spanish pilots nicknames rata (rat), and mosca (fly). But on I-16 could fly only the most experienced and skilled pilots. The main purpose of that faced by designers - to create a plane with high maneuverability. And so-16 and turned, but because this was not very aerodynamically stable. On the one hand, a great car, on the other hand, if the pilot is not ac-16 on and to do nothing.
IL-76 - heavy jet military transport aircraft to the four motors. This - the first aircraft of this type, equipped with turbojet engine. IL-76 not only lived up to the present time: it is practically the main plane in the park of military transport aviation in Russia and CIS countries.
The plane, which had the honor this year, became unrivaled Ant-25 and pride of the Russian Air Force Tu-160 («White Swan").
Ant-25 - Triple nizkoplan single engine. Plane-record holder, the plane of legend with huge wings like a dragonfly. As performance characteristics far superior to their foreign counterparts of the time. Ant-25 has become one of the most important "cruise" the achievements of the Soviet Union in the history.
Tu-160 strategic nicknamed the "White Swan" - the largest supersonic military aircraft in the world with a variable geometry wing, high flight range, which is able to bear, and missiles and bombs.
For commemorative coins this year shows the Yak-3 and modern amphibious seaplane-200.
Yak-3 appeared towards the end of the war, in 1944, but became one of the most famous airplanes of World War II. It features high maneuverability and speed, ease of piloting and won the hearts of not only our pilots, but also French.
Be-200 designed for search and rescue, fire fighting and cargo. He is able to carry on board 12 tons of water and land both on land and on water.
* Supersonic - and spoken English "supersonic aircraft"
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