MiG-AT - Russian jet training aircraft built Mikoyan design bureau. The development of this device was intended to replace the Czech aircraft L-39 and "Aero L-29» in the Russian Air Force units.
However, in the competition for the allocation of funds won Yak-130, proposed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Production was planned to set up the export, but did not find customers abroad to 2010 year, work on the development of the MiG-AT stopped.
At the beginning of 2013 years at the Moscow plant operated production plant, which was planned to build the first test batch and equipment for the MiG-AT. With the resumption of funding for the program can continue assembly of the aircraft.
In the middle of 1989, before leading design bureaus of the USSR there was a task to create long-term training aircraft. In the early 1991, the competition was held on the most appropriate design of such a device. The requirements that were put forward before the designers:
provide a high level of safety of flight, including the implementation of landings at higher speeds;
TCB should be universal: training and training of pilots could be carried out at each stage of training of flight personnel, including initial training courses and advanced training;
the ability to implement a comprehensive pilot training. Flights to TCB should alternate with classroom training, on the ground simulators. On the basis of CF in the future must be built training facility (UTC);
the ability to use TCB to study different types of pilots. This can be achieved by reprogramming the engine control and the aircraft, allowing the aircraft will be able to carry out a flight simulation with varying degrees of static longitudinal stability, different throttle response and engine thrust-weight ratio;
the aircraft must be equipped with modern information display systems, which were similar to the indicator system of combat aircraft promising;
ease of ground handling and operation, low fuel consumption;
the ability to resupply weapons systems that basically demanded foreign customers;
the ability to modify the aircraft to full versions of combat, that the composition of weapons and sighting system can be correlated with attack aircraft, fighter-bombers and fighters the Air Force.
The project by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. AI Mikoyan was the name of the factory «821». The competition in December 1991 year it submitted a complete management system without boosters, and it does not contribute to a number of automatic modes, including the implementation of the automatic landing, taking the unit from dangerous heights. Therefore, it was decided to move to a booster irreversible management system, through which, to some extent resolved the question of reprogramming characteristics. Among the objects of training ground we decided to limit simple machines.
In March 1996 was held the first flight of the prototype of the MiG-AT running RP Taskaeva. This sample was equipped with French avionics and engines. Compared with the preliminary design mass of the unit increased by 260 kg decreased the wing area. Stabilizer moved to the bottom of the keel, thus removing the ventral ridge in the rear.
The second prototype was completed with Russian avionics and raised in the air in the autumn of 1997 years. Until that time, the first airplane was made about 300 flights.
For the first time in the history of Russian aircraft in flight g 1999 equipped with digital wire control system. Through its implementation failed to improve handling characteristics and controllability of the aircraft.
Since full funding by the Government of the Russian Federation no employees MiG forced to seek investors and customers abroad, showing the MiG-AT at various exhibitions and air shows.
MiG-AT is a twin-engine, all-metal nizkoplan standard aerodynamic configuration with tricycle landing gear support. On the wing installed automatically rejects three-section slats, three-position double-slotted flaps and ailerons single-section.
The fuselage is made of semi-monocoque type with an oval cross-section. The forward fuselage takes cabin crew compartment REO niche nose landing gear.
Ejection seat K-93 located in the cockpit of piloting a tandem-type, rear seat placed above the front to see 40. Behind the cab is a compartment with aircraft equipment and fuselage fuel tanks. On the side of the fuselage placed motor gondola. In the rear are located 2 brake flaps. The central section of the fuselage is mostly occupied by the fuel tank, on which to place units responsible for the management of weapons, inertial navigation "Totem 200», integrated management system. Also located here satellite navigation antenna and radio communication equipment.
The tail section is made with the keel. At its core is a power structure with nodes fixing engines. End of the tail section are 2 brake panel located under the rudder. The inside of this section is filled with elements of the hydraulic system of the aircraft. The instrument section of the tail section is an analog tape recorder.
Material plane - this is mainly an aluminum alloy. The stabilizer, elevators and direction, the central keel section, channels air intakes, wing landing gear sandwich, have a honeycomb filling and carbon-fiber trim. On the same principle, but with a shell made of fiberglass bow sash bearing, wing hatches, panels nacelles and electronic equipment. The primary structure of fixing the motors and brake flaps are also used titanium alloys.
The MiG-AT has received single-fin and tailplane sredneraspolozhennoe horizontal tail. The stabilizer fin and received trapezoidal. Simplex rudders and height are equipped with trimmers.
Chassis tricycle from the aircraft, relying on the bow rack. Main bearings telescopic type have single wheel size 66 20's see, cleaning takes place in the wing niches. Polurychazhnogo nose wheel type equipped with single wheel having the dimensions x 50 15 see. Landing gear has an oil-air cushioning.
MiG-ATB - export version of shock light fighter;
MiG-APR - academic version of operating in Russia;
MiG-ATF - educational export version, equipped with French avionics and engines.
|Aircraft Length m||12.01|
|Wing area, m2||17.67|
|engine's type||2 turbojet SNECMA Larzak 04-R20|
|Thrust, kgf||X 2 1450|
|Maximum speed km / h||850 (M = 0.8)|
|Ferry range, km||2000|
|Practical range, km||1200|
|Rate of climb, m / min||4800|
|Practical ceiling, m||15500|
|Max. operation overload||8|
|Armament:||Combat load 2000 7 kg hardpoints:|
|Container with 20-mm cannon|
|2 2 PU NUR or light bomb|
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation