Translated automatically from the French version of Kelclinic. Contact us for remarks, questions or help.
russian English French German italian spanish
MiG-31 - interceptor

MiG-31. A photo. Characteristics. History.


Fighter-Interceptor belongs to the fourth generation aircraft. The first flight of MiG-31M held December 21 1985 The aircraft has a few modifications, the difference - in the choice of powerplant, armament, avionics. Aircraft design makes it possible to carry out modernization.

The crew consists of two people - a pilot and operator.

Powerplant: two turbojet engine with afterburner turbofan D-30F-6, 9500 kg each thrust without afterburner and 15 500 kg afterburner.


MiG-31 schemeMiG-31 schemeMiG-31 2 scheme


History of creation


Creating a new interceptor, the MiG-31 60 began in the late-ies in the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Mikoyan. Chief Designer at the first stages of the design of the aircraft was AA Chumachenko. Later, he was replaced on the post of GE Lozinski. Having position in the development of the "Buran" Gleb Paton replaced Vasil'chenko Konstantin.


During development was planned to significantly increase aircraft combat capabilities using the latest electronic equipment, such as a passive radar phased array antenna. The structure of the MiG-31 was conducted on the basis of the MiG-25, but the occupancy crew of two people - a navigator and pilot, space for which fighter were placed on a "tandem". The first test flight of the new MiG-31 was made a test pilot A. AT. Fedotov 16 September 1975 of Complete test of running and fighting abilities of the fighter began 22.05. 1976 years and culminated at the end of 1980


At the armed MiG-31 with Class F-33 6.05.1981 missiles was adopted, the


At the heart of the aircraft fire control system of the MiG-31 is pulse-Doppler radar device with a passive phased array antenna. This aircraft was the first fighter in the world, equipped with PFAR, and remained the only production model with 1981 2000 on till receipt on Rafal weapons. MiG-31 - single interceptor, capable of long-range missile launch by yourself. Also, the fighter is able to capture objects moving at speeds of over 700 km / h.


The chemical composition of the body of the aircraft 50% steel, 33% aluminum alloys and titanium 16%.


Engines MiG-31


The aircraft is equipped with modular engines D-30F6 developed on the basis of civil-D 30, which was completed in the Tu-134 (1967 g) with a nozzle and an afterburner. The afterburner chamber of the engine fuel injection method is used "fire lane". When testing the engines was noticed vibrogorenie inside the afterburner. To resolve this problem, install the fifth joint collector. The engine is made of alloys of nickel, iron and titanium. Dry weight of the engine - 2416 kg.


MiG-31 engine


The onboard radar system MiG-31


MiG-31osnaschaetsya appliances electronic warfare radar and infrared ranges. The plane is ready to perform combat missions with the support of automated ground-based digital control system (ACS "Frontier). The system can make koordinatorskuyu support with the guidance of the purposes and the provision of origin together with 4 aircraft, the distance between the fighters can reach up to 200 km. MiG-31 - a single plane of its kind that is easy to intercept low-flying cruise missiles, small-size. These abilities make MiG-31 not ordinary interceptor and constant combat unit armed with the staffs of the Air Force and Air Defence.


MiG-31 1 engine


Range of flight


MiG-31 equipped with four missiles and two drop tanks, missiles reset halfway and external fuel tanks at the end of their production, is able to fly away in 3000 3 km per hour 38 minutes.


The duration and range from crop PMK, without external fuel tanks and missiles:

  • not including missiles, 2480 km - distance, 2 44 hours min. - Duration;

  • 4 missiles lowered halfway, 2400 km - distance, 2 35 hours min. - Duration;

  • Rocket 4, 2240 km - distance, 2 26 hours min. - Duration.


MiG-31 photoMiG-31 2 photo




After the release of the first MiG-31 various modifications were made fighter:

  • MiG-31 B - production aircraft equipped podzapravki system in the air, arms became 1990 year;

  • Mig-31 BC - upgraded to MiG-31B, not including post podzapravki in the air;

  • MiG-31BM - upgraded model year 1998, modern fighter aircraft, designed specifically for the Russian Air Force. Before 2020 planned improvement in terms of radar detection range goals before 320 km and simultaneous tracking of up to 10 aircraft;

  • MiG-31D - experimental model can carry anti-satellite missile 79M6 "Contact";

  • MiG-31I - fighter that can launch a small spacecraft;

  • MiG-31M - modernization of aircraft 1993 with enhanced radar, avionics and armament;

  • MiG-31F - universal tactical fighter-interceptor designed to destroy ground targets (radically new equipment);

  • MiG-31 PV - export model MiG-31BM;

  • MiG-31E - export aircraft with lighter avionics;

  • MiG-31DZ - production aircraft, which is equipped with a system podzapravki in flight (different from the MiG-31B home to the refueling boom, and some differences in the structure of the cab);

  • MiG-31BSM - modernized fighter 2014 on the basis of the MiG-31BS podzapravki without rods in the air.


MiG-31 photo front


Operation MiG-31


The first planes were adopted in defense of 1980 1981 And ​​he began their serial production in Gorky. In the first series was released 2 aircraft, in the second - 3, in the third - 6. Meant for all flight tests. The new fighter-interceptors on arms air defense arrived in 1983 of these models were placed on military bases in Pravdinsk and Savaleyske. MiG-31 replace outdated Tu-128 and Su-15.


New interceptors in September 1984 he entered the military base in the Far East - on. Sakhalin ( "Sokol" airport).


Series production of the MiG-31 stopped in 1994 500, the more combat units were produced during this time.


MiG-31 used during the second war in Chechnya over the airspace of the Chechen Republic.

MiG-31 photo rise

Currently being upgraded interceptors MiG-31BM that are in service, the first two came off the assembly line in 2008 In the same year the government ended the flight tests of modernized aircraft. According to the words of the country's leadership of the Armed Forces, 60-31 Moment will be upgraded to version BM, 40 - modifications to the RS and the BS, 150 pieces. write off from service.


In August 2014, after visiting the aircraft building plant in Nizhny Novgorod Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin received a proposal to resume production of the legendary fighter.


Accidents and Disasters MiG-31


  • 20.09.1979, airfield Akhtubinsk - the emergence of a fire engine because of a fuel leak. The plane is completely destroyed. The crew consisting of pilot and navigator ejected.

  • 1984 g, airport "Sokol" (Sakhalin) - two accidents. The first caused the death of the crew, while the second - a successful bailout on the airfield.

  • 20.12. 1988, at the airfield Semipalatinsk - a fire in the left engine and an unsuccessful landing in adverse weather conditions. The death of the entire crew.

  • 26.09.1990, at Monchegorsk - crash after take-off from the loss of the crew.

  • 12.07.1996 g, airport Komsomolsk - during landing with a disabled engine collided with the ground navigation system. The pilot died during ejection.

  • 15.06.1996, at the airfield Komsomol - the death of the pilot due to loss of control over the height.

  • 05.05.2000 city - the collapse of the MiG-31 in the Arkhangelsk region.

  • 01.05.2005 city, Tver region - the MiG-31 came down the runway and burned in a fire. The pilot and navigator survived.

  • 16.02.2007 city, Kazakhstan - wrecked fighter fatal to the crew.

  • 10.03.2010, at the airport Kotlas (Arkhangelsk region.) - During a landing strip on the MiG-31 overturned. Damage is estimated at 86 million. Rubles. The pilot and navigator had numerous injuries.

  • 19.10.2010 city, Perm region - hit the plane in snap state due to technical faults. Wreckage - 60 km north-east of the airfield. The crew ejected safely.

  • 06.09.2011, at airport B. Savino (Perm region) - a disaster within a few minutes after takeoff. The crew managed to save the lives of not.

  • 23.05.2013 city, Karaganda region. - Accident during training flights, the cause of which is considered an engine failure. The crew was able to eject.

  • 14.12.2013, in 26 km from Vladivostok crashed MiG-31D3. There were no victims.

  • 04.09.2014 was - in the course of training did not work the landing gear system. The pilot and navigator were seriously injured, but survived.


MiG-31 cabin

MiG-31 cabin


The performance characteristics of long-interceptor MiG-31:


  • Wingspan, m 13,46

  • Aircraft Length m 22,69

  • Aircraft height, m ​​6,15

  • Wing area, m2 61,60

  • Take-off weight, maximum: without external fuel tanks, kg 41 000

  • Take-off weight, maximum:with two outboardtanks, kg 45 500

  • normal weighttakeoff, kg 36 800

  • Empty weight, kg 21 820

  • the fuel in the internal weighttanks, kg 15 500

  • Combat load,max kg 3000

  • Speed,max, km / h 3000 (2,83M)

  • At low speedheight km / h 1500

  • Cruising speed M = 2,35

  • Practical ceiling, m 20 600

  • Range with external fuel tanks, 3020 km

  • Range Ferry with external fuel tanks, butwithout weapons, 3300 km

  • Combat radius of action with four guided missiles of the type P-33(0,85M) 1200 km


MiG-31 photo

MiG-31 photo


Armament MiG-31:


  • four missiles P-33;

  • six air bombs KAB-1500

  • eight KAB-500

  • Gun setup with sextuple gun GSH-6-23M (23 mm).

  • You can use other weapons. The combat load is 9000 kg.


Military aviation


This question is to determine whether you are a human automated spam submissions.

Why not filled disasters in 1984 year and which claimed the lives of two remarkable people, without which the MiG-31 there would never!?! These people - chief pilot EDO im.A. AND. Mikoyan, AV Fedotov (winner of many records and international awards such as the Gold Medal of the FAI, zasl.lёtchik test, Hero of the Soviet Union) and navigator Test Zaitsev. Not to say about these people, referring to the aircraft simply can not be, especially if the name of A. Fedotov, already mentioned in this article! Also, in the article a lot of mistakes or typos, but both - is unacceptable for this kind of sites! A solid resource like name, too, such as "puncture"? It is also not available, the emergency landing of MiG-31, which made a crew of test pilots V.Menitskogo (piloted aircraft) and V.Ryndina. Focus on this incident, because this is the only case in the history of landing MiG-31, moreover, that the ground (this is not important!), But also with broken engines! The event, which ended successfully - there was no more! And here and the pilots remained intact (V.Menitsky, after the death of A.Fedotova became chief pilot EDO) and the plane remained intact, only suffered minor injuries and was quickly restored. Do not describe a unique case, too, it would be necessary. And by the way, on one of the illustrations depicts MiG-31M and characteristics of normal-31. Some shortcomings, amateurish, no offense of course!

These models were placed on military bases in Pravdinsk and Savaleyske.

Read more on:
Not Savaleysk and Savasleyka

Designed based on the MiG-25-31 MiG was created for use in fighter aircraft air defense units.
unique SUV (arms control) such as "Barrier" has been specially developed for the new fighter-interceptor. The principle of operation is the simultaneous review of the horizon, accompanied by several purposes and shelling.
The use of automatic exchange of information equipment for the first time allowed to coordinate the work of the group interceptors in flight. Even in the absence of a full radar control system based on single or discrete data allowed to perform the task. These actions allow you to increase the radius of the controlled space to reallocate tasks and targets, transmit data to other groups of MiG-31. In practice, only "thirty-one" could fire on several targets, effectively striking targets, going to the ultra-low altitudes, including cruise missiles.
The collapse of the Soviet Union nearly destroyed the MiG-31 program but still upgrading already existing aircraft continued. Changes in the political environment required to accelerate this work. It is also expected to match in terms of the economic feasibility of re-entry and the subsequent completion of additional number of machines with the full-scale resumption of production of the MiG-31BM.

Very best, I have always been interested in airplanes, and especially instant-31