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MiG-1.44
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MiG-1.44

MiG-1.44

 

Russian designers have designed a fighter, which was designated as the MiG-1.44. He himself is a multi-functional front-line of the new generation of the car.

It was made as a response to plane F-22, Which was created by American designers, but domestic machine had better characteristics. The most important difference and advantage of the domestic fighter was that it was planned to install new engines that changed the thrust vector. This machine has been equipped with a new stealth technology. A special feature of the machine was the fact that all the weapons were placed in the middle of the body. To hide an airplane in flight designers have equipped the body of radar absorbing coating, which had a rough surface that makes the device less visible to enemy radar.

 

MiG-1.44 scheme

 

The history of the MiG-1.44

 

Design of the fighter began in 1979, in the framework of the project "fighter 90-x". At the beginning of the year 81 have developed requirements and recommendations for the creation of a new fighter. The new machine had to have a circuit design on the "duck" type, and the wings should have a triangular shape with a large number of surfaces that are positioned at different angles. At the same time the structure of the wing must have excellent aerodynamic qualities at different flight speeds and performing maneuvers.

MiG-1.44

The development project is actively engaged with 83, in Mikoyan Design Bureau. At the start of designing complex development was approved by all parts of the machine. In the middle of the year 1987 defended the project MiG-1.44, and the protection of the machine layout has been carried out in four years. After all approvals management MiG-1.44 has received the designation "MFI", which meant that the new machine is a multi-purpose fighter, which is to carry out combat missions on the front.

By order of the government's plans and aircraft designers had to meet the following criteria:

  • the machine should fly at supersonic speeds with the off afterburner;

  • maneuverability;

  • very low thermal visibility and legibility of radar;

  • excellent performance during landing and take-off;

  • the most important factor was the reduction of fuel consumption during the flight, which in turn would reduce the cost of the flight. It is worth noting that about saving money thinking designers at each stage of the design;

  • plane should differ a high degree of integration of all machine systems.

This project did not find the further development and did not get into production because preference is given to the fighters of other EDO. The project of the MiG-1.44 99 was closed in the year. At that time I was only one unit is ready, and four were in the process of manufacture. To date, there is only one copy of the flight, which is especially necessary to nobody. In 2013, this car was in the open air on the territory of the Gromov Flight Research Institute. At the moment the airplane is conserved and placed in the hangar.

MiG-1.44

Together with the production of the MiG-1.44 was designing a scout ship and on the basis of a fighter plane. On the basis of the MiG-1.44 it was manufactured aircraft for static tests, which had the designation 1.42. There was also made a deep modification of the aircraft, which was designated as a model 1.46. It is much superior to the standard plane.

 

Design features of the MiG-1.44

 

In the manufacture of machines used different colored metal alloys, composite materials.

The power plant of the aircraft was presented two types of jet engines AL-41. A feature of the aircraft was that it had been installed nozzles are turned. The biggest advantage of the engines was that they gave the airplane afterburner thrust in 14 000 kg. During takeoff MiG-1.44 had thrust-to 1,3. Due to this the powerplant aircraft had a maximum speed of M = 2,6. Designers of the system of refueling in the air machine was provided.

MiG-1.44

two air intakes were mounted under the fuselage unit, which provides engine air. A feature of this unit was that the air intakes were regulated. The front part of the air intake had a side slopes, as well as a central wedge, which was placed vertically.

The wings of the aircraft are made of two sections, which were installed ailerons and deflected socks. All wing systems have been connected to the automatic control system. Symbiosis body wings and propulsion system provides excellent flight characteristics.

The designers have thought a great system that reduces the radar signature apparatus. The dramatic decline in aircraft for the enemy has been received by both the materials which were used for covering the apparatus and of the design of the fuselage.

The chassis of the machine was represented by three pillars, which were removed in the body of the aircraft during flight. All racks are equipped with damping system and the wheels have brakes ventilated type.

MiG-1.44 video

With regard to aircraft weapons, it was taken generally in the middle of the housing. The plans of the manufacturers and the customer has been to provide MiG-1.44 greater firepower. On the machine was installed 30-mm gun, which could operate on targets at long range. In the middle of the cabinet planned to place a large number of missiles for different purposes. Among the missiles, which can be installed were standard rockets "air-air" or the like. fifth generation missiles have been designed for this machine, which were much more effective. In addition, the aircraft wing flaps were installed on three of the holder, which can be difficult to install a missile or bomb. On the data holders could also strengthen additional fuel tanks, which are used to long flights. But with underwing holders reduced the speed of flight, and the aircraft became more visible to the enemy.

MiG-1.44 cabin

MiG-1.44 characteristics:



Modification MFIs
Wingspan, m 15.00
Length m 19.00
Height, m 6.00
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 15000
maximum take-off 20000
engine's type 2 turbofans AL-41F
Link unforced, kgf X 2 18500
Maximum speed km / h 2448 (M = 2.6)
Cruising speed, km / h 1224
Practical ceiling, m  
Crew 1

 

Armament:

  • Cannon: 30 Built mm gun GSH-30-1
  • Combat load: up to 12000 kg
  • For air combat, weapons in compartments: 12 × P or P-77-73
  • Against ground targets in the compartments of armament: 2 × X-55, 61-X, X-41, 8 × or X-29, 31-X, or 12 × KAB-500, 500-ODAB

 

Suspension points:

  • Internal: 12
  • External: 8

 

Aircraft

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"This aircraft does not meet our new requirements," which at that time (2000 year) and would not, it is already in 2002 year formed a new requirement, look excuses such as delusions psihbolnogo, but however since that time, little has changed. Let 2020 year say that the prototype under the designation MiG 41 ihnim does not meet the requirements of people on them (Ministry of Defence) will look.
We tried to refuse light to flash (the replacement for the MiG 29), but then after seeing the problems of the prototype Su T-50, very reluctantly involved in the weapons program to 2016 years creating lightweight multipurpose fighter 5 generation), but tests of the Su T-50 continue and PRL 5 generation (MIG) will begin no earlier than 2017 years.
We have very big problems with front-line aircraft and interceptors, but the Ministry of Defence it seems do not care ??? They have the same T-50 2017 who at the time of the year to reach an initial airworthiness, or combat use, and the fact that in the Russian Federation 17 000 000 area of ​​square kilometers it is possible to protect the amount of T-50 20 pieces? That's how much will buy our Ministry of Defense. The Ministry of Defence sit some assholes, I do not even know how to call them differently. Yes there Su 30 / 35, there MiG 29m2 / 35, but now it's about 5 generation, why he generally designed if it is buy 20 pieces ??? Idiots.

Question to the corporation managers. What ... the plane was in the open air for many years

But why quite see! Our neighbors (china. Nogochislennye experts from Russia, Europe and the US are convinced of the new Chinese low-profile fighter 5-generation "Jian-20" (J-20) is copied from the Russian multipurpose fighter (MFI) MiG-1.44, access to documentation according to which China could obtain.

Last photo of a panel of the Su-35BM devices and has a MiG-1.44 nothing

MiG-1.44 was the first prototype and prototype fifth-generation fighter. Before the designers had a task - to bypass their American counterparts with which they coped. The plane had a good maneuverability, low thermal signature, the design and the coating stealth aircraft provided to him for locator and enemy radar, and in spite of all the advantages and innovations, the creators were able to significantly reduce the cost of flights on a given sample. It was assumed that the new MiG able to perform a wide range of tasks from fighting the enemy aircraft before the bombing equipment, buildings and infrastructure of the enemy. According to experts, the plane was able to become a full-fledged combat unit as a part of the Russian Air Force and to compete with the F-22, because the characteristics of the Russian fifth generation fighter bypassed competitor, and the concept of multifunctional combat aircraft had a magnificent realization of this model. Unfortunately, the project was abandoned for reasons beyond the designers and we will never see this development in action.

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