Mi-6. A photo. Characteristics. History.
Mi-6 - heavy multi-purpose Soviet helicopter. According to the classification of NATO codenamed "Hook» (Hook).
At the end of 50-ies for service in the Soviet Union came missile systems "Luna", for the carriage of which was necessary in heavy helicopter with a large carrying capacity.
Mi-6 - the first of its kind serial helicopter, which is equipped with two turboshaft engine with free turbine. Driving its design is taken for the production of the classic models of the next heavy-lift helicopters, heavy. At the time of its inception, the Mi-6 was the lifting in the world.
The first helicopter took off 5.06.1957 Flight tests of Mi-6 were in 1959-1963 years. In 1959 produced in Rostov in civil and military versions.
In 1964-1978 years. heavy Mi-6 exported.
Assignment and modification of the Mi-6
Mi-6 is a second-generation helicopter. Concerning the flight characteristics helicopter has surpassed many of its domestic and foreign counterparts, having made an unprecedented leap in the helicopter at the time. The layout of the Mi-6 was taken as the base for the production of many Soviet and foreign helicopters.
Troop-Mi-6 had a purpose in the troop and military equipment. Transportation Mi-6 cabin can accommodate up to 150 people BTR-152 2 or self-propelled machines ACS-57, various kinds of weapons: guns, howitzers, etc.
"Flying crane" as a variant of the Mi-6 widely used when the crane-installation works, transportation, drilling rigs, other equipment for mineral exploration.
Sanitary version of the helicopter for evacuation and transportation of the sick and wounded. The cargo compartment is equipped with a place for two paramedics and a stretcher 40.
The passenger version of the Mi-6 has excellent thermal insulation. Every room has a toilet in a helicopter and a wardrobe. Comfortable lounge seats up to 70-80 passengers.
The modification of the Mi-6PS intended for search and evacuation of spacecraft crews. The structure of its equipment includes: the descent module, boom-winch, containers with rescue boats and rafts. It also has a comfortable lounge to relax astronauts.
Fire version of the Mi-6PZH for localization of forest fires. The structure design includes a tank with a central drain spout, which can be put to a 12 tons of water, six external fuel tanks, with a capacity of 1,5 t, foaming agent, and lowers the boom pumps, fire-fighting and rescue equipment.
Also released a series of Mi-6 military mission with the established weapons.
Mi-6PRTBV is designed to carry and actuate the rocket-propulsion systems, warheads and ballistic tactical missiles of strategic importance.
This version is well equipped with camouflage elements.
Mi-6 protivorazvedochny designed to counter the enemy's signals intelligence. It established the RAP stations and cable and antenna system outside the fuselage. Provides electronic warfare and protection of navigation and location-based air defense systems of the country from the declassification of its adversary.
Mi-6TZ - land and tanker aircraft.
Mi-6VKP for the command post from which is used to manage land and air forces. In it there is the communication center equipment and a salon for signalers. AFD is the outside part of the fuselage of the helicopter, and the other is placed on the ground to create a command post.
Mi-6-transponder equipped with a powerful radar equipment.
Mi-6AYA - command center for command and control without contact with the ground.
Mi-6A - improved version, which has increased the basic units of life, and new instrumentation.
The design of the Mi-6
The helicopter is made of single-rotor scheme with a wing and tail rotor. The bow is placed cockpit. Passengers and cabin located under the fuel and engine compartment. Due to the strong floor with mooring units an opportunity to carry heavy loads, including military equipment. External suspension can be dismantled, it is used to transport bulky cargo weighing up to 8 t.
The auxiliary hydraulic system provides control flaps, windscreen wipers and bridges. The blades of the screw shaft made of solid metallic pipe. To avoid icing tail rotor blade icing system equipped with alcohol, and the rotor blades - electrothermal. On the Mi-6 established non-retractable tricycle landing gear, wheels and dual front swiveling.
During the state of flight tests of Mi-6, which took place in 1959-1963 years., It was established 16 world records.
The most important records:
cargo lifting a total weight tons to a height of 5 5600 m;
lifting cargo weighing over 20 tons to more than 2000 m in height;
set speed 300 km / h when moving cargo on the 5 1000 t km;
development speed 320 km / h in a closed circle on 500 km;
achievement index rate in 340 km / h at 100 km - this record is not surpassed until now.
Records made Mi-6 most lifting and high-speed helicopter in the world.
For the achievement of the absolute speed record 320 km / h on the Mi-6 Design Bureau. ML Mile received the award - International Award named. Sikorsky II "For outstanding achievements in the development of the sphere of the helicopter."
History of the Mi-6
Start designing the fast ice at the end of 1952, the layout of the helicopter was ready in December 1953 The first flight made 5.05.1957. Serially produced Mi-6 1959 began in late g helicopter plant in Rostov, and settled in Moscow, serial production at the plant Khrunichev. The amount released Mi 860-6, performed in both civilian and military versions.
Many of the produced helicopters were put into service in the Air Force of the Soviet Union, part focused on export to India, Vietnam, Egypt, flattered, Syria, Peru, China, Iraq and Ethiopia. Civilian helicopters Mi-6 become an integral part of the Civil Aviation of the USSR and other countries. Out of the serial production of 1980-6 Mi Operate in Russia was stopped in 2002
During the creation of the design of heavy Mi-6 with a total take-off weight of more than 40 t even heavy foreign analogues at that time we had a takeoff weight cutoff up to 15 t.
On the Mi-6 the first time in the Soviet Union provided for shipping outside of the fuselage.
Mi-6 became the first Soviet helicopter gas turbine engine.
In total, the Mi-6 16 broke world records.
This model was able to cross the threshold of Mr. 1961 speed 300 km / h, which was considered unaffordable for helicopters that time.
He took part in the liquidation of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, at which it is often confused with the Mi-26, who also participated in the operation. At the present time there is a lot of copies in the devastated areas on a radioactive equipment, as further exploitation unsafe. One of these is located in the village Rassokha (Kiev region)..
12.10.2012 Aviation Museum in Moscow at Khodynka, a group of vandals was sawn Mi-6 into small pieces.
Accidents and Disasters
3.01.1984 - disaster Mi-6 in Novoagansk. The helicopter made cargo and passengers in the course of petroleum exploration expedition. At take-off failed to gain sufficient height and hit the ground, then rolled onto his left side and fired. Z8 of 75 passengers were killed, including the crew 5 people managed to survive. The most likely cause of the accident is considered too much cargo. This modification of the full load of fullness can carry no more than 60 passengers, and they were 75.
11.12.1990 - a plane crash near the city of Corbin (Brest region., Rep. Of Belarus). To land in difficult weather conditions, the crew lost control, resulting in a critical pitch angle reached. The helicopter fell to the ground and burst into flames. The captain and his assistant died at the crash site. The navigator and on-board mechanic, received a huge area of danger, were transported to Korbinskuyu city hospital, where after a couple of days, too, died.
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