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Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Photo. Characteristics.
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Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Photo. Characteristics.

Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Photo. Characteristics.

USA

A type: twin-engine fighter

Crew: one pilot

F-38 "Lightning» (Lightning - Lightning) was the first risky venture company «Lockheed» (Lockheed) in the world of military aircraft with high performance characteristics. Shrewdly break into a lucrative military market, the company has actively responded to the request for the US Air Force 1937 year proposals for long-range interceptor. In addition to its original two-beam scheme with a central nacelle cockpit prototype XP-38 (a designation it has given the company "Lockheed") used in the mating end and blind rivets riveted sheets of skin (including bearing surfaces) - the first time on US fighters.

The program tests the aircraft XP-38 went well, and also small improvements bearing surfaces, the front plane P-38 only slightly different from the prototype for all six years of production. The name "Lightning" aircraft F-38 was given to the Royal Air Force when the aircraft was ordered in 1940 year and the next year was taken by the Americans. Even when the Royal Air Force were disappointed in the performance of aircraft engines not equipped with a turbocharged, which they received in 1941 year (therefore withdrew his order on 667 aircraft), the US government has continued to this point in the war considered turbochargers mounted on the motor V-1710, sensitive equipment prohibited to sell abroad.

Nevertheless, some modifications of the aircraft F-38, namely, E, F, H, J, and L, equipped with a turbocharged engine, improved flaps Fowler and additional fuel, have proved that they are more than matched by the fighters of the "axis" around the Earth ball. After the war, a number of aircraft F-5G fotorazvedchik operated by civilian organizations. Today in America survived six aircraft flying "Lightning."

Basic data

Dimensions:

  • Length: 11,53 m
  • Wingspan: 15,85 m
  • Height: 3 m

 

Power point: Two engine V-1710-89 / 91 (on the modification ^ -38J) orV-1710-111 / 113 (on modifications P-38L / M) of "Allison"

The weight:

  • BLANK: 5797 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 9798 kg

 

Power: 2850 l. from. (2126 kW) and 3200 l. from. (2387,2 kW), respectively,

Date of first flight:

  • January 27 1939 years

 

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 666 km / h
  • Range: 4184 km

 

The surviving airworthymodifications:

  • TP-38J, P-38L, P-38V and F-5G

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