Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II - multipurpose fighter of the fifth generation, created in the United States, to replace the aircraft was in service: F-15, F-16, F-18, F-111 and others. Start re-scheduled for 2008-2009 years.
Development of the aircraft program F-35 LightningII
In 2001, the final version of the new fighter design was chosen in the program for a new generation strike fighter. two cars were selected for the final test. The first company manufactured by Boeing and was designated as a model X-32, and the second was developed by Lockheed Martin with X-35 designation, which later became known as F-35 Lightning II. But the state program provided for the further development of a single machine, this created the conditions to be met by the fighter.
First of all, at the request USAF fighter should have shortened the length of the takeoff roll and a small distance when landing, obliged to make a vertical takeoff and landing. The most important was that the fighter should be effectively used as a naval and ground forces. This unit should have a number of advantages over machines that were made earlier.
In order to find out which car is better, tests were carried out, the results of which revealed that the model X-35 has significantly better performance. This model could produce a horizontal take-off from the site, the length of which - just 150 meters and after that could qualitatively hold horizontal landing. Furthermore, X-35 indicators can reach supersonic velocities.
The uniqueness of this model has the structure diagram of the system of vertical thrust, which had a separate fan, not as in other such devices through the use of the main engine. This machine was designed for use by countries that belong to NATO. Financing for this project is not just the US government, but also European countries. This car purchasing plans, and Israel.
The first aircraft F-35 LightningII 2011 was made in the fall, and was transferred to the Royal Air Force in 2012 year. This unit is in England passed the final test and was used to train pilots for the future use of the fighter. For the first time the car has made the gap between the runway in February 2011 years in the US Air Force Base in California. On this basis, also conducted flight tests, which confirmed the high flight characteristics of the device at various flight conditions. The general public was introduced in the summer of fighter 2013 year at air show at Le Bourget.
The first country that received the first order F-35 type of aircraft, became Israel, and in the year 2014, this country has signed a contract for delivery of the second batch. This machine is also collected on the Italian territory, the first machine was ready in early spring 2015 years and had the designation AL-1. The plans of Italian producers to collect 90 such devices primarily for the Netherlands.
Design features fifth-generation fighter F-35 Lightning II
In the development of this machine designers had borrowed a lot of technical decisions of the previous model fighter F-22. It should be noted the fact that the designers have worked out three variants of the aircraft, which differ in the type of takeoff and landing. The base model was able to produce a standard take-off from the takeoff and landing using the path on the strip. Modification to the F-35B designation produced a relatively short run-up for take-off and landing was carried out in a vertical way. The third model F-35C taking off from an aircraft carrier with a special catapult and landed by the use of the ship's arresting gear.
This machine is equipped with most recent electronic equipment such as radar AN / APG-81, which makes it very efficient to detect both ground and air targets. In the avionics unit includes a variety of systems, including the station with phasing provided by the antenna AN / APG-81. The most noteworthy EOS system, which can be used to produce a set of operations, namely:
§ to fix the launch of ballistic missiles in groups at a distance of 1,3 thousand kilometers, and you can keep track of their flight and calculate their ultimate goal;
§ detect the enemy at a great distance technique both on the ground and in the air;
§ conduct quality navigation at any time of the day or night;
§ signal a possible missile attack of the enemy in the direction of the fighter;
§ effectively calculate the location of enemy artillery firing points;
§ perform precise launch missiles at the planes that fly over the F-35.
Besides the above systems and advantages drive has been established a plurality of computing systems. For MADL transmission system has been installed, which can operate over a wide range. This system has many tools that can protect it from enemy interference noise, and protection from interception rate.
A special feature is the layout of the aircraft pilot helmet, which is equipped with a multitude of functions. Helmet F-35 has HMDS designation, it allows the pilot to look through the walls of the aircraft. This effect is obtained by a plurality of cameras mounted on the board, which involve the helmet. It allows the pilot to make a review as if the plane does not exist. This equipment is designed in the UK for the bomber F-35. Currently, there is only one hat of the design, but its manufacture is taken with the support of the Israeli company Rockwell Collins of the American firm. The plans of the manufacturers to equip all such helmets aircraft type F-35 from 2016 years.
The power plant is represented by engine type F135, which was developed by Pratt & Whitney, with the support of Rolls-Royce Defence. According to manufacturers, this assertion powerplant enables the aircraft to withstand the overload in 9 g. This engine equips the machine with a capacity of 13 thousand kgs and in afterburning 19,5 thousand kgs. The resource usage of the motor reaches 4 thousand hours of flight.
Plane F-35 has enough powerful weapons, which allows to carry out military operations with great efficiency. The structure of weapons includes missiles of air-land with the designation of AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles and AIM-120 AMRAAM. Also it has a winged fighter type Storm Shadow missiles. The greatest power of weapons possessed class JDAM bombs that weighed 910 kilos. The composition of the bomb loads were included guided bombs AGM-154. To destroy enemy ground vehicles used anti-tank missiles.
At this time there is a development of missiles to destroy water bodies. For aircraft F-35 firm General Dynamics has produced a large-caliber gun chetyrehstvolnuyu with the designation GAU-22 / A. A feature of the device is the ability to launch missiles and bombs while flying at supersonic speed. The manufacturers of this equipment are planning to develop a system that will produce from the aircraft launch nuclear missiles V61 type.
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II photo
to develop a new fighter work was done on the "Boeing" companies and "Lockheed Martin". The fighter is produced in three variants: CTOL (for the BBC), CV (BMC), STOVL (short takeoff and vertical landing).
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II photo
JSF fighter flight characteristics do not differ from the characteristics of the aircraft of this class, standing on top of the world armed to the beginning of the XXI century., However, the latest on-board notation, installed on the aircraft, will provide a distinct advantage in combat aircraft before the enemy.
NewF-35.Upgrading to a fighterF-35A, F-35B, A-35Cs.
Tactical fighter F-35 Cs test flights resumed after a break caused by emergencies occurred in the tests conducted on the US aircraft carrier "Nimitz". Resumed flight program that runs under the control of the US Navy for a new generation of fighters.
Underway testing of takeoffs and landings from the deck of an aircraft carrier with the ability to achieve the best results of all systems and the safe operation of aircraft and carrier services.
the creation of the new fighter program 5-generation cost of about 400 billion. USD was suspended after Pratt & Whitney company fire engine installed on F-35. Due to a problem with the engine system, was delayed debut F-35 in the UK at the annual air show, a schedule of test flights was disrupted with a lag of 45 days. Complications with the F-35 engines, heightened competition for the purchase of US Navy fighter. Some experts are in favor of the purchase for the US Navy as a carrier-based fighter with basing on aircraft carriers, fighter Boeing F / A-18E / Fs.
US Air Force plans to prepare the aircraft group consisting of 12-24 2016 aircraft by August, completely ready to perform tactical missions.
The company Lockheed Martin offers to implement F-35 plane, discount for international partners who are willing to participate in financing the project. The company plans to realize 750 aircraft, including 612 units in the country: the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, Turkey, Canada, Japan, Israel and South Korea. The preliminary price of F-35 80-fighter is 85 million. Dollars from the beginning of the main supplies in 2019 year.
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning 2 is a range of single-seat fighters, equipped with 1 engine designed for all-weather operations and perform various tactical tasks. The plane belongs to the models 5-generation andcapable of performing the functions of attack aircraft, reconnaissance of enemy air defense systems and data collection on the conduct of hostilities.
Developed three basic models:
F-35A, with a standard takeoff and landing (CTOL);
F-35B, short takeoff and landing (CA);
A-35Cs combat aircraft based Catobar (CF).
The plane was designed and built by Lockheed Martin, with the active participation of Northrop Grumman, Pratt & Whitney and BAE Systems.
The first flight took place in December 15 2006 years. The Ministry of Defence plans to acquire 2443 aircraft F-35 for the US Air Force, Marine Corps and the US Navy. rearmament program of the US armed forces is designed to 2037 years.
F-35 developed by JSF program for the replacement of the Armed Forces of the USA modelsF-16, A-10, F / A-18 and AV-8B tactical fighters.
US Navy intends to buy 480 F-35Cs, US Marine Corps, a total of 80 units of F-35Cs.
Characteristics Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II:
|Wing area, m2||42.70|
|Domestic fuel, kg||8382|
|engine's type||1 turbofan Pratt Whitney F135|
|maximum||X 1 111|
|afterburner||1 178 x +|
|Maximum speed km / h||2065 (M = 1.67)|
|Maximum cruising speed, km / h||(M = 1.5)|
|Practical range, km||2200|
|Combat range, km||1100|
|Practical ceiling, m||18288|
|Max. operation overload||9|
|Armament:||20-mm six-barreled gun (optional)|
|combat load - 5000 kg|
|In stealth mode - 2h 450-2 kg bombs and SD air-to-air AIM-120C AMRAAMS. The congestion - 2h 900-4 kg bombs and SD in 2 weapon bays.|
|In the normal mode is used 8 weapon hardpoints|
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