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Lockheed B-34 Lexington / PV Ventura / PV-2 Harpoon. Photo. Characteristics.
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Lockheed B-34 Lexington / PV Ventura / PV-2 Harpoon. Photo. Characteristics.

Lockheed B-34 Lexington / PV Ventura / PV-2 Harpoon. Photo. Characteristics.

 

USA

A type: twin-engine bomber and reconnaissance aircraft

Crew: four or five people

Inspired by the success of the Royal Air Force aircraft "Hudson» (Hudson), the company "Lockheed" developed for the same consumers more advanced "twin bomb", based on the plane model 18 «Loudstar." The new aircraft, won the Royal Air Force designation "Ventura» I (Ventura - adventure)) was not only larger than its predecessor, but had more powerful engines, ventral location of guns and could carry a larger bomb load.

The first of 675 English copies were ordered in November 3 1942 years tested Command bombers in combat. Serious losses during the subsequent daytime raids discovered the vulnerability of the aircraft, "Ventura" as a day bomber, so the surviving aircraft were transferred to the Coast Guard, and an order for more than 350 remaining aircraft has been canceled. The extra planes to get their hands on the US Air Force, they are under the designation B-34 flew as a maritime patrol aircraft. At this point, they expressed interest in the aircraft and the US Navy, which operated it under the designation PV-1 - at least 1600 modified aircraft for maritime tasks "Ventura" was delivered by the end of the war.

Modified modification of aircraft PV-2 «Harpoon» (Harpoon) was commissioned in June 1943 year to March 1943-500 first was delivered copies. As PV-1, aircraft PV-2 participated in the fighting in the Pacific, some of the aircraft remained in service until the end of the Navy Reserve 1940-ies. Many decommissioned aircraft were converted by "Howard Aero Service» (Howard Aero Service) in administrative or used for chemical treatment of crops.

About twelve aircraft in a state of airworthiness can be found in North America (and one in Australia).

Basic data

Dimensions:

  • Length: 15,67 m
  • Wingspan: 19,96 m
  • Height: 3,63 m

 

Power point: two engines R-2800-31 «Double Wasp" Company "Pratt- Whitney"

Power: 4000 l. from.

The weight:

  • BLANK: 7836 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 12 360 kg

 

Date of first flight:

  • 31 July 1941 year

 

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 507 km / h
  • Range: 1529 km

 

The surviving airworthy modifications:

  • PV-1, PV-2, PV-2D, PV-2T and "Howard» 350 / 400 / 500

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