Lockheed AC-130 Spectre
Lockheed AC-130 Spectre - heavily armed aircraft ground units. The basis for this model was made by transport aircraft C-130 firm Lockheed. Installation of additional equipment and weapons involved in the company "Boeing". Actively used in the Vietnam War.
Purpose of the aircraft are as follows:
- close air support to troops in the field;
- patrols and destruction of enemy communications;
- strikes against predetermined ground and air enemy targets;
- ensuring the defense of strategic sites and their bases.
Work on the creation of the most powerful battleship of the heavenly program "Ganship" started in 1965, the US Air Force wanted "Ganship" with the increase in the take-off weight, the duration of the flight cruising speed and heavily armed.
The most suitable platform to provide military transport aircraft Lockheed C-130. On conversion of the command of the Air Force was isolated unit C-130 tail number 54-1626. Its equipped with the following weapons: four modules MXU-470 and four guns "Volcano" 20 mm caliber. The plane got night vision equipment, which included an analog board computers, radar and powerful searchlights.
Flight tests of the aircraft began to Eglin air bases and Wright-Patterson summer of 1967
Until September, the unit conducted a series of improvements and forwarded it to the base Nyatrang. 27.09.1967 made the first sortie of the battleship. Major Terry led the flight. Until November 9 "Super Spooky" (a nickname was armed aircraft) conducted several missions for fire support of ground troops. At night, October 9 1967 the plane spent sortie defeat trucks on the "Ho Chi Minh Trail." Upon reaching the destination, identified six cars, all successfully defeated the impact aviaognem.
The successful start of combat "Super Spooky" over the path promoted the decision to build new battleships based on the C-130. Only the new planes to reinstall the weapons the US Air Force Command spared, and the plant "Ling-Temko-Vought", which is being upgraded, got seven already in service before JC-130A. They were distressed and were far from perfect technical condition. Already during the third flight on the serial plane "Hercules" in the city of 1957 there was a fire. Though the car and managed to land, but the wing had completely changed. In 1960 was of JC-130A held improvements and checked his radar operation for raketonavedeniya. Alterations in its AC-130A was held in the city 1970 For such advanced age he was nicknamed "Lady Fest", despite the fact that he was not the first of a family of AC-130. This aircraft served as a long period of time, it wrote off alerting only osenyu1995 city
Lockheed AC-130 video
The first refurbished unit from JC-130 was given at the disposal of the Air Force in the summer of 1968 He was sent to Vietnam in six months. He had the same set of weapons as "Volcano Express", only instead of a primitive infrared night vision systems set the fastest AN / AAD-4 and more powerful computer system of regulation of fire. Officially, the aircraft became known as AC-130A "Plain Jane." Another three AC 130A sent to Vietnam before the end of the year. The remaining three aircraft remained in the United States, Eglin Air Force Base, where they conducted training crews preparing for military action. In May, the 1969 They redirected to the base of Ubon (Thailand), which made combat missions in Vietnam. All eight units AS-130A who were in the combat zone, differed from each other on the exterior and interior, which caused problems with maintenance.
Ninth AC 130A was distilled from the plant at Wright-Patterson AFB for testing to create a more modern "Ganshina" program "Surprise Pekkadzh." He spent two replacement 20-mm guns on Single-barrel machine guns "Bofors". The composition of avionics began to enter the TV system AN / ASQ-145, a laser rangefinder-tseleukazatelel. Analog onboard computers replaced by digital.
The program "Peyv Pronto" US Air Force entered into a contract with the company "LTV" of redeveloping another nine aircraft C-130. All were to receive a system of "Black Crow", capable of pinpoint operation of automobile engines, power of enemy air defenses and electronic warfare equipment.
Of the eight AU-130A aircraft during the conflicts in Southeast Asia, six survived. They were sent to the States for the equipment according to the criteria "Peyv pronto." The main task of the AS-130A was night hunting ground transportation plying the "Ho Chi Minh Trail." Battleships AU-130 16-armed special purpose squadron, which was based on Ubon Air Base. Perform regular flights began in 1969-1970 years.
Successful steel 1970-1971 years. Then there were the broken and damaged the car 12 741 opponent. But this figure is conditional, since more than 5 thousand. Wrecked cars attributed to his military achievements crews of other aircraft that conducted patrols trails.
Aircraft AC-130 conducted combat missions only in the dry season, because during the rains washed away roads and transport links between Laos and South Vietnam ceased. Each plane cruised over the path for about four hours. Target detection performed by the "Black Crow" system verifies the location of the IR and TV, then the crew tried as soon as possible to perform aiming.
It was possible to shoot to kill both manually and in automatic mode. The problem was the definition of damage to the enemy battleships machines. According to statistics, some trucks after a meeting with aviasnaryadami issued weapons from the complex AC 130A could start immediately and go.
Often Lockheed AC-130 performed combat missions in conjunction with the aircraft RC-130S, which were installed 28 spotlights. This bunch spent the night patrolling the trails.
During the Vietnamese military conflict crews of these aircraft prilovchilis avoiding oncoming fire from the ground-based air defense systems, missiles, but from the "ground-to-air" lacked maneuverability. Even then it was clear that in this area it's time to output the "spectrum". But the daily successes in the form of destruction of dozens of trucks were not allowed to take the leadership of the US Air Force drastic measures. In the first decade of 1971 years it has been destroyed over 2,5 thousand. enemy trucks, even the same amount of damaged. Hard resist US aggression was given 31 March 1 April 1951 g when homing with anti-aircraft guns were shot down two US battleships very expensive.
Lockheed AC-130 Spectre began to shift to other locations with less dense concentrations of enemy air defense systems. In particular, they were used to destroy the Vietnamese tanks during protection An Locke. But here battleships were not able to make a good resistance. Enemy at the time had available missile complex "Strela". Thanks to him, the Communists shot down three aircraft AC-130. But the flights continued until the end of the war.
From the military conflict in the US returned home to ten aircraft, which were aimed at the airbase Halbart Field. The war took away the life of 52 people who were a part of the crew of "Ganshipov."
Lockheed AC-130 characteristics:
|Aircraft Length m||29.79|
|Wing area, m2||162.12|
|Domestic fuel, kg||20520|
|engine's type||4 theater Allison T-56-A-11|
|Power, hp||X 4 4050|
|Maximum speed km / h||580|
|Cruising speed, km / h||333|
|The combat speed, km / h||270|
|Practical range, km||1700|
|Combat range, km||900|
|Fighting height, m||1070-2450|
|Practical ceiling, m||10060|
|Armament:||Four 7.62-mm machine gun and four 20-mm cannon|
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