Tactical flight data of all aircraft
Improving air weapons and expansion of the industrial base continuously make changes in the volume and nature of the combat use of aviation. At the present stage of the aviation requires increasing its offensive capabilities and, as a consequence - increase in altitude, increasing the speed and range bomber aircraft, increasing the destructive power of bombs and great maneuverability in the air for a fighter.
Thus, the basic tactical flight data of all aircraft:
Horizontal speed. Speed - the property of the aircraft, it is extremely important for the sudden action and tactical and operational agility. One should distinguish between two horizontal speed: the maximum, which is able to give the plane using the full power of the engine, and a cruising, which are usually made combat flights in all types of aircraft. Last speed for most modern aircraft is 0,7-0,8 of the maximum speed.
Rate of climb - The ability to quickly gain altitude (usually taken as an indicator of climb time set according to the height of the aircraft or 3 000 5 000 m). Climb in a dogfight need for superiority in height and activities beneficial to attack the starting position, since the attack and maneuver from top speed gain is obtained by tracking. The climb is important: to evade the enemy up and attack from above; to intercept the enemy; to climb up to the front and room for maneuver at the height of bad weather or shelling from the ground.
Flight Duration - Non-stop and without topping up fuel; much needed long-range reconnaissance, bombers and fighters bench escort bombers.
Load - The ability to carry a load in excess of the weight of the structure (the crew, arms, removable equipment). Within the limits of carrying capacity of the aircraft is possible to increase the weight of the load by reducing the other; e.g., bombs weight by the weight of fuel or vice versa.
The maneuverability of the aircraft in the air consists of turning ability and handling. Maneuverability - The ability toperform evolution; for example, to make a turn normally closed (circle). Manageability - the property to respond to the movement of aircraft control surfaces over time. The heavier the load of the aircraft, more speed and less than the relative sizes of handlebars, the more the plane is late in responding to the movement of the rudders and the less it is manageable.
Evolvement - The ability to perform aerobatics in the horizontal and vertical planes, deep turns, flips, barrel spin, loop, inverted flight).
Потолок - The maximum height of the airplane under normal load. Flight height of its influence on the body of the pilot can be divided into three zones.
The first zone ranges from 3 000 to 7 000-8 000 m. Normal operation it largely depends on the individual qualifications and training of flight personnel. For the average flight crew boundary of this zone 3 500-4 000 m. In this zone, the crew breathes the air of the atmosphere and the height is not yet has a particularly noticeable effect on the job.
The second zone extends up to heights of 10 000 - 12 000 and requires additional oxygen supply of the crew.
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