Plane crash in the mountains.
Plane Crash in the mountains It occurred in December 20 1995 years. 965 flight preparing to take off from Miami airport. Its destination was the city of Cali in Colombia. The flight was delayed a bit due to the long passenger check. They were allowed to take off half an hour late. But the difficulties did not end there. Due to the high workload of the aircraft Airport detained for another two hours.
The captain of the plane was 57 old Nicholas Tafuri. It was one of the company's most experienced pilots "American Airlines". By the time he flew over 13000 hours. Also, he had a good flight experience on Boeing 757. The second pilot was Don Williams. It was the beginning of the Christmas holiday season, and the passengers were preparing to meet holiday. Most of them flew home to his family.
Passenger: I flew to Cali with my family. We want to quickly get out there and meet with relatives.
In 2: 45 night plane was flying at an altitude of 11 kilometers. Then, at a signal Cali airport, he began to decline. Boeing 757 was a high-tech aircraft, equipped with on-board computer. Through a special program, the computer can control the flight of the aircraft throughout the flight. But it is the confidence of pilots computer and turned to flight 965 disaster. It was a moonless night. Visibility does not exceed 10 kilometers. The plane was about 100 km from Cali. His city airport is located at the end of the big gorge. On both sides of the canyon towering mountains. To reach the landing course, the plane had to consistently pass the chain of the navigation points. They were beacons that indicate the route. According to the program, the onboard computer had to take the signals and change the direction of movement of the aircraft. 965 flight approaching to the beacon in the city of Tulua. After Tulua was necessary to begin to decline beacon in Roseau. And only then to land at Cali airport.
Air Traffic Controller Airport Cali watched the approaching aircraft. But suddenly there was a problem. Government opponents to the government of Colombia rebels blew aviaradar. Managers have lost the ability to track aircraft. In the absence of the radar controller was forced to rely on readings in the cockpit.
Manager allowed landing in Cali and said the plane down to an altitude of 5000 feet. He also asked to report when the aircraft will take place in Tulua beacon. Captain Tafuri thought that he was given land at Cali powered beacon in Tulua. However, the dispatcher asked only to inform him of the passage of this place. In this wing the fundamental error.
Manager: I thought that the words of Captain "straight" means that the flight was going to Cali without any delay. However, I asked the captain to announce the passage of the aircraft beacon, because of a failure of our radar.
Sorry, but the captain of the aircraft began to enter the modified data to a computer. As a result, a map of the route in Cali intermediate beacon in Tulua has been removed, to which the aircraft was approaching.
Passenger: I remember the flight attendants asked us to fasten your seat belts and lift the back seat. It became clear that he would soon be landing. All the passengers were very satisfied.
Before the arrival time was calculated 11 minutes. Manager asked if the plane was ready to go to the strip 1-9. Initially planned landing on the strip 1-0. But it was even better. The plane did not have long to circle over the city. Pilots were satisfied. They began to fall to the band. This made the accident unavoidable. Manager requested confirmation of passing the beacons Tulua and Roseau. The pilots were confused. How could they miss the drive Tulua? Further events unfolded very quickly. The crew had to enter into the computer the new information on the status of the aircraft. The captain asked the manager if they could fly directly to the drive Roseau. That allowed the flight, but once again asked the pilots of the passage of the drive Tulua. Without radar controller I could not see where the aircraft was.
The plane crashed in the mountains.
The next moment the captain Tafuri took another fateful decision. The computer, when you select a beacon Roseau, he introduced the letter "P" in the search bar. The database showed 10 navigation points starting with that letter. Beacon Roseau had to be at the beginning of the list. But there was a failure, and the captain changed course on a completely different point of navigation. In 520 speed in km / h, decreasing by 400 meters per minute, the plane began to dramatically change the direction of flight. Later the plane crashed in the mountains near Cali.
Manager: I and had no idea that they have deviated from the route. I did not have the data from the radar.
As a result, the pilots lost control of the situation. They relied on data from the instrument, while the plane gone from the desired course. Less than one minute airplane turned toward the mountains. Pilots began to realize that they do not fly through the course. Two minutes later, the captain realized that they can not themselves return to the old route and decided to go directly to the airport, bypassing the aircraft drive. They did not know that between them and Kali already towered rock.
Suddenly worked alert system on dangerous ground proximity. The pilots immediately began to climb.
Passenger: I felt the plane suddenly went up. It felt as if we tossed in the high waves.
The plane crashed into a mountain
All the efforts of the pilots failed. Zadran nose aircraft at great speed vrezalsyav uphill. The estimated time of 965 board did not come out to the runway. Also with him was lost connection. He seemed to be disappeared. On monitors in the waiting rooms there was an announcement that the flight was delayed. But soon, the locals of the town Bug reported hearing a loud explosion. It became clear that the plane crashed.
By the rock massif, where the plane crashed, first began arriving ambulances. After a 6 hours after the disaster, in the area of one of the mountains were discovered early wreckage. There was no roads. This area was cut off from civilization. There has been very difficult to reach. But the fallen aircraft were still living people.
Passenger: I remember when I woke up the next morning. The sun shone brightly. I could not understand how I get here.
At dawn, the Colombian Air Force helicopter began to survey the disaster area. But every minute of delay could cost someone's life. The victims could not themselves escape from the wreckage. Besides it, it was very cold, and the survivors could just freeze. Finally, after a while, one of the helicopter crash site were found.
Passenger: When I saw the helicopter, then began waving a blanket hoping that we notice.
After a 10 hours in the cold mountains, the surviving passengers of 965, were finally rescued.
Passenger: When the helicopter arrived, he threw him a rope, and it began to descend the people. Then I was absolutely happy.
Rescuers began to search for survivors. The rescue operation lasted 13 hours and greatly complicated because of the strong wind and clouds. From 163 965 flight passengers survived only 4.
Meanwhile, experts engaged in the rubble. They had to figure out how one of the most advanced aircraft can stay on course and crash.
Expert: The investigation found that the plane crashed in the eastern part of the mountainside. This happened after the crew decided to make a U-turn.
The main part of the wreckage was located on a small plateau. The accident caused a shock for many. It was a modern plane. It belonged to one of the best airlines in the world. No one could understand how it could happen. All attention is focused on the actions of the investigators aircrew. Fortunately, the "black boxes" were quickly discovered. They could solve the mystery of the death of board 965.
Investigator: The fact that one pilot admitted the error still can not be the cause of the accident. There must be a lot of mistakes.
When the plane flies to Cali, the dispatcher exactly have pilots landing place. The fact that changes in the runway forced the pilots to take hasty decisions. The flight crew had to quickly revise the itinerary and re-program the on-board computer.
Investigator: In any case, when a man in a hurry, he accidentally can prevent a fatal mistake. The map was marked drive Roseau. Therefore, the captain, as a key entered the letter "P". This automatically means a change of route to the corresponding beacon. But the failure occurred in the program. As a result, the aircraft flew a completely different course.
On the map, which is located on the pilot's instrument panel indicates the chosen course of movement. According to him, the plane began to go to the left. Unfortunately, the co-pilot did not pay attention to the mistake of the captain. He was too busy preparing the aircraft for landing. As a result, the pilots sent a plane to a place of death. They have lost control of the situation. The plane flew on autopilot, according to the program laid down in it. Just a few minutes the pilot decided to return to the track. However, instead of typing a safe altitude, they continued to decline. When the signal came dangerously close to the ground, the co-pilot managed to turn off the autopilot. But the landing flaps and were released. According to experts, with the flaps retracted the aircraft managed to gain a safe altitude and fly over the mountain.
According to the classification, the accident belongs to the category of controlled accidents. This means that at the time of the accident, the aircraft was fully functional and controlled by the crew actually send it to the mountain. Both pilots were highly qualified pilots, but they are faced with problems to solve that they simply did not have enough time.
In accordance with the decision of the court responsible for the accident was given to the pilots who made some mistakes during landing. The accident served as a serious lesson for all pilots. She also reminded that it is important to count every step, when in your hands the lives of others.
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