Cabin crew - A space located in front of the aircraft where pilots manage. In the cockpit are their jobs. They consist of levers and dashboard.
Windshields have hydrophobic protection from rain and snow and mechanical wipers (working on the same principle as automobile). The strength of windshields designed for the probability of encountering birds.
A passenger plane has a cabin that separates the armored partition with a lockable door from the other rooms.
The flight crew consists of:
- the first pilot (captain);
- flight engineer (flight engineer);
- airborne radio operator;
Today, almost all passenger aircraft installed an automated control of the aircraft, characterized by a high level of reliability. This was achieved due to a multi-stage control system.
In the entire history of aviation cabin crew is constantly changing and only 40 years ago, gained some standardization. Today's cab almost completely computerized. Manual control system changed the electrical interface of the touch-screen and steering wheel controls with electronic side handles.
In the modern cockpit essential flight instruments are:
Control modes of the aircraft.
Chief flight display.
LED navigation data.
Engine control levers.
The system alerts the crew and indicate the status of the power plant.
Flight control unit.
In the future, engineers plan to equip the cockpit special converters that will enable pilots to observe the virtual three-dimensional picture of the outside of the aircraft. This visibility is a graphical representation of the aircraft will show the proximity of other aircraft, the next area and exits the zone of the airport. Thus, the virtual three-dimensional instrument will allow to carry out successful flights even in zero visibility. In conjunction with the warning system and other innovations flights in the future will be even safer.
Placement of equipment in the cockpit
Boards and plates are placed on the degree of the need to resort to them. The main systems, including those that exploit the pilots often are placed in the most convenient locations.
To improve the reliability of aircraft control units to manage important both pilots.
On the dashboard mounted reserve and fixed assets parameter display navigation, flight, aircraft systems, powerplant, leather cleaning and landing gear.
Top located control panels autonomous modes of flight, navigation and flight operation indicators CSO and sensors control lighting. On the center console controls are installed mechanization wing powerplant trimirovaniem, air brakes, radio navigation, navigation and communication. The top panel flaps are electrical systems, hydraulics, fuel supply, management of external lighting fixtures, fire protection, air conditioning.
On the right and left-board panel is situated accessories, personalized, rescue and standard equipment, including equipment performance (control arm front wheel, storage of documentation, oxygen masks, flashlights, ashtrays closed-cup holders with drinks).
In place of the observer encased rescue, radio communication and service equipment.
The cockpit is a particular emergency equipment:
- smoke hoods;
- first aid kit;
- portable oxygen unit;
- oxygen masks;
- life jackets.
As the crew members are located in the cockpit
To the left of the entrance is the first pilot to the right - the second pilot. Usually the flight engineer is behind 2-chair of the pilot, as he must see signs and signals transmitted by the first pilot.
Location of equipment in the cockpit
The most important and most frequently used tools are the most comfortable and intimate area of accessibility and visibility.
To improve the reliability of aircraft control, the duplication of basic equipment provided by both pilots.
Heading aircraft pilots operated manually using the handles on the side consoles, as well as foot pedals.
The dashboard is equipped with navigators devices, which displays flight parameters, handle chassis control, alarms and remote controls avtopilotirovaniya.
Airbrake, wings, communication and radio navigation controlled by the middle console located between the seats of the first and second pilot.
Through the pilot to control the upper panel the following systems:
- fuel supply;
- power supply;
- fire safety
- air-conditioning, etc.
The cabin has a wardrobe and clothing pilots, storage of documentation and folding table. For the convenience of drivers near their workplace are supports for pencils and pens, ashtrays, cups, etc.
More cockpit has a set of life jackets and oxygen masks, first aid kit, ax, flashlight, etc.
Protecting the cockpit
In accordance with the regulatory requirements of the world, security is handled by the defeat of firearms and unauthorized access.
Protection of crew provided by:
Enhanced design partitions and doors.
Door locks, normalized withstand shock loads.
The code device, allowing only flight attendant to enter the cockpit.
Video systems, allowing the crew to monitor the passenger area of the cabin, adjacent to the cockpit.
In order to cabin crew was able to withstand the direct destruction of firearms, were installed armored doors and reinforced walls.
In the cockpit there is a wardrobe for clothes, a place for personal belongings and flight documentation.
Workplaces are set:
table for documents;
holders for cups, pens and pencils;
space for headset and store small personal belongings.
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