Ivan Kozhedub. Dogfight in modernity.
И. Kozhedub thrice Hero Soviet Union
military pilot first Class
Every time I sit in the cockpit of modern fighters, equipped with missiles, born in the heart of pride for our beloved motherland, thanks to the glorious Communist Party of the care that we are surrounded by, the soldiers of the Soviet Union. The Soviet people - builders of communism - gave us into the hands of the most modern military equipment, arms unprecedented force. Aviators together with the soldiers of other arms proudly say: "We have something to protect, and have something to protect."
The whole history of Soviet aviation - is the story of the struggle for speed, altitude and range. Possibilities of aircraft has increased dramatically in the postwar period. Modern aircraft can fly at supersonic speeds and rise to great heights. The revolution in military affairs, of course, has led to a change in the tactics of the Air Force, brought about changes in the organization of the Air Force, greatly influenced the nature of air combat.
Dogfight in the new, changed conditions remain primarily in the actions of fighters to fight enemy aircraft in the air, as if summing the efforts of the pilot and all the experts to help him in the solution of a combat mission - the destruction of enemy aircraft. But his character has changed, along with an increase in speed, altitude and arms.
It is known that the post-war period in the development of fighter aircraft, as well as all of the Air Force, as it can be divided into three stages. First one 1945-1953 years. It is characterized by a generalization of the extensive experience of the Great Patriotic War and the widespread introduction of jet aircraft. Already in 1947 year it began a massive retraining of fighter pilots on the MiG and Yak-9-15, and a little later, in the MIG-15, 15-LA and MIM 7.
The experience of combat training has shown that fighter jets can be used in single and group battles. The growth speed of flight and aircraft equipment more quick-aircraft guns have significantly changed the nature of air combat. If during the war the most effective range of opening fire with machine guns does not exceed m 150-200 now I have the opportunity to hit enemy aircraft at a much greater distance.
Expand and spatial framework of air combat. He already was carried out not only at medium altitudes, as it was during the war, but also in the stratosphere. However, the basis for the success of air combat were still honed to perfection piloting technique at all altitudes, the constant and circular diligence, courage and determination in the actions of the pilot.
Experience in managing aircraft from the ground gained during the war, is becoming more widely used. For detection and guidance have been used ground-based radars, command posts and guidance. Yet the ultimate in detection and rapprochement with the aim had visual observation.
In most cases, the land is only exasperated fighter in the search area.
In the second stage Development of the Air Force (1954-1959 years.) adopted were adopted ultra-sonic fighter equipped with radar scopes and missiles "air - air". Range missile launch, compared with a range of even large-aircraft cannons increased several times. There was a real opportunity to engage targets without seeing with the naked eye. The nature of air combat substantially changed.
What is manifested? First of all, in a significant increase in the role of the interaction between the command post with a fighter pilot. At this point, almost air combat success, or rather the approach and target detection, has become dependent on the ability to define the parameters of the command post mission objectives and a fighter, choose the most convenient in this situation tactic schedule a meeting point.
The growth rates of the flight questioned the possibility of re-attack. So, from the pilot, his ability to properly build a maneuver aiming to hold and run, to win the first attack depended on the success of the air battle.
third stepWhich is still ongoing, it began in 1960 year. It is characterized by the further improvement of the fighting qualities of the aircraft and missile technology, more and more widespread introduction of a variety of control systems. Now aircraft fighter aircraft equipped with missiles "air-to-air," able to exercise self-intercept air targets at large distances from the protected sites. Significantly increased and the role of automated control and the importance of the first attack.
But, as practice shows, and supersonic fighters can successfully run single and group air combat, which, again retain all their basic elements.
Thus, the modern air combat - is primarily to intercept air targets, fighter executed by the automatic control system. There are also important - the suddenness of action, precision fire, which is essential to the successful completion of a mission.
In recent years, much attention is paid to the development of radio controls. This is quite a natural process. Widespread use of electronics significantly increases the reliability of the guidance and interception. But the ability to dogfight in all conditions is important in training fighter pilots.
It remains in force and the requirements of different formation flying in each pair, at each stage, and division, as well as interaction and mutual support. During the war, said the pair - the main combat unit, unit-basis order of battle. All this is true in our day. Sink front-line experience in any case impossible. Only it is necessary to take into account changes that have occurred. By definition, order of battle and air combat should be approached dialectically, and taking into account the past and present. Only when ztom can hope for success.
Modern air combat requires not only the use of radio equipment, but also increased diligence, ability to act independently of any pilot in view of the prevailing situation. However, this does not mean that in the event of a loss leader, slave acquires absolute independence. And in this case he must be aware of the general plan of the commander, to take measures to ensure to take its place in the general order of battle.
We must be able to see in action, to know where and why you go, feel the atmosphere of the battle, his tempo, accurately firing. Without this it is impossible to win any single or in a group air combat.
Group dogfights, as a rule, will be accompanied by sharp evolutions, large congestion. Actually it was also in the years of the Great Patriotic War. Group dogfight won the one who was more organized, better possession and tactical firing skills, different physical endurance, who could at large and overloads the right to build the maneuver safely and lightning attack, shoot straight. This should be remembered and those who are preparing to become a fighter aircraft, and those who gave Homeland formidable supersonic missile. The high moral and fighting qualities, willingness to exploit it is necessary to cultivate every day.
In group aerial combat is particularly important in the ability of the pilot to use a complex missile and gun armament. Here, yes, indeed, and at other stages only correct assessment of the situation is necessary. We need solid and deep knowledge of military equipment and its capabilities, skill quickly switch attention from one system to another.
As already noted, the air battle - the main form of combat activity as a fighter pilot. But this has its own main thing - attack. After all, no matter how secretly operated a pilot, no matter how he schemed when approaching, victory will not be, if he fails to make a swift attack, and finishes its label and defiant blow.
What determines the success of the attack? First of all, from a perfect flying technique. The better owns an airplane pilot in the entire range of speeds and altitudes, the greater the opportunity to defeat the enemy in aerial combat, not a lesser role played by the knowledge of the enemy's tactics, strengths and weaknesses of his technique. Without it, too, is inconceivable successful dogfight.
An excellent pilot, an expert on tactics and proved itself a master stroke on Front HSU Likhachev. Years passed, but not faded glory veteran. His acrobatics at air parade in Domodedovo differed extraordinary skill, if you will, the audacity. Veteran was awarded another Order of the Red Banner.
Audacity pilot in peaceful days we talked about this little talk unnecessarily, and, consequently, does not produce pilots of this wonderful quality of air fighter. Meanwhile, the audacity, combined with skill and has the alloy, which helps the pilot to successfully complete the air battle - to make the attack.
Many examples of intelligent audacity and initiative shown aviators on the teaching of "Dnepr". This experience should be fully put into practice training and education.
Now there is an objective process of interpenetration of modern aviation and rocketry. In the management of aircraft are increasingly used electronics and computing devices, for service received various missiles. But no matter how perfect the technology, decisive role in modern air combat, as well as during the war, It belongs to the pilot, Know the laws of warfare, able to take all of the technology without residue. The sacred duty of every aircraft commander - to bring a fighter pilot bold and skillful fighter aircraft, infinitely devoted to the cause of the Communist Party and the Soviet government, deeply hate the enemies of the homeland of October, in the air of the young pilots coming engineers. It vysokoerudirovannye welltrained professionals. The level of theoretical knowledge is much higher than was the graduates of military schools 50-ies, but we must remember that their experience is still limited. On the trials that befell the pilots at the front, they only know from books and stories of veterans. We need to train young people conducted e conditions as close to real combat. And do not be afraid of a reasonable initiative, audacity of youth. Let them be. In conjunction with the wisdom of the older pilots this will help engineers to be courageous and steadfast in the air fighters.
During the celebration of 50-anniversary of the USSR Armed Forces aviation unit was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In it are serving many pilots and engineers. They hungrily adopt experience of such recognized masters of aerial combat as Majors Tsvetkov and S. Belyaev, whose military work recently awarded with Order of the Red Star.
Modern air combat - a serious test of the moral and physical strength of the pilot. And without a high moral and psychological training of the pilot, as well as without the ability to own the weapon, you can not achieve victory in the air.
Soviet pilots are in the same battle formation with tank crews, sailors, rocket troops, representatives of the various branches of service. They kept a sharp eye on the intrigues of the imperialists, vigilantly guard the peaceful labor of the Soviet people, building a communist society, and on the orders of the motherland are ready to deal a crushing blow to any aggressor if it would encroach on the honor, freedom and independence of the socialist fatherland.
Blessed memory of I. Kozhedub dedicated ...
Aerospace. - 1968. - №5,10; 1969. - №5, 6.
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