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IOSA - audits of operators

 

Program IOSA (IATA Operational Safety Audit Programme) aims to audits of operators on the basis of standardized requirements for their activities (IOSA Standards and Recommended Practices - ISARPs). ISARPs specially designed IATA in 2001-2003gg. They contain relevant guidelines and guidance documents for the evaluation of the operational management and control (Operational Management and Control Systems) of operators. ISARPs based on a synthesis of international best practices of operators used SARPs ICAO and agreed principles of quality management of operators, who have passed the practical test and peer review a broad group of experts in this field.

Audits carried out by the Programme IOSA audit team included in the special, t. E. In relation to the Programme IOSA, IATA accredited organization (Audit Organization - JSC) 1. Positive results of the audit The operator receives IOSA Operator status (IOSA Operator) 2, which provided confirmation of re-test in two years (this does not rule out random audits). Based on the results of audits formed the corresponding database (IOSA Database), which is supposed to be used for monitoring.

IOSA program can be considered as one of the components of the system of international monitoring of aviation activity. By its undeniable advantages include: focus on sufficiently complex and significant object of regulation - of operators, which have the primary (primary) responsible for the airworthiness of the aircraft; the use of common methods and means of evaluation (ISARPs) virtually all aspects of the air carriers.

This program reflects the desire to IATA requirements for the international standardization of operators in the states, that is. e. harmonization of the relevant parts of national systems Aviation Regulations. However, not yet resolved the question of the obligation of audit for all operators (currently an audit is required only for the operators - members of IATA), and there are insufficient grounds for approval of the possibilities of comparative assessments of air carriers of the various states on the basis of ISARPs, which causes uncertainty in the use of its results for regulatory purposes.

With regard to the level of state regulation of HA implemented monitoring is mandatory and is included in the system of mandatory Guidelines and Documentation (Manuals and Documentation System). It provides the following functions with respect to the status of objects of regulation (regulatory system): collection (check measurement) data mode with a controlled acquisition, processing and analysis of data (in particular, the background to the appearance of the display changes) on the characteristics of the objects of regulation;

the use of standardized assessment criteria or indicators that are considered (for example, based on research findings) as an adequately defines the object of regulation and adequately interpreted (observability and indicative) structuring of data collected, providing the opportunity to identify the state, and the interaction of objects of regulation with a view to assessing and monitoring their continued compliance with applicable requirements and causes of non-compliance (identifiability and traceability).

Examples of mandatory monitoring in relation, for example, the system of state regulation of LH are:

at the state level:

  • a) The data collected during the registration, certification and oversight (including audits), for each type of regulated objects;
  • b) evidence of mandatory reporting (notification) for each type of regulated objects;
  • c) details of the investigation of accidents and incidents;

Object-level regulation:

  • a) accounting data availability and movements by AT lifecycle stages and stages within each phase;
  • b) accounting data developments, the results of monitoring and diagnosing the state of AT, including data recorders (storage) of information and onboard automated control systems (BASK);
  • c) use of accounting data control actions (such as the implementation of relevant programs MOT).

For the current stage of development of the air transport sphere characterized by dynamic pace of quantitative and qualitative changes. Therefore, the duties and obligations of States under the Chicago Convention requires an adequate level of control and increase the efficiency of systems of state regulation of civil aviation by improving the efficiency of the monitoring system, which should be associated with the use of modern information technology.

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