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Indicative status of the pilot.
The virtual state of the pilot.
Mental states and deviations in the activities of the pilot
There are many types of mental states; functional, stress, emotions, etc. In this section, one of the types of mental states, which has received little attention so far is as follows: Indicative state.
Such conditions are of two types:
Virtual states in turn are divided into:
What are the properties of the virtual state?
not privykaemost - Virtual state every time a person is experienced as an unusual condition, no matter how many times it may arise from it.
Objectivity - A virtual state is expressed in objective terms. If all the other mental states are expressed in type I feel good words - "I'm glad," "I was scared", etc., in the description of the virtual state of the material used the terms "heat in the head," "leg cotton" hands are not obey, etc.
fragmentariness - Feelings arise in certain parts of the body. Man does not describe himself to a whole (for example, I just twisted), and only parts of himself - those who participate in the implementation of this Act activities.
Spontaneity - Virtual state arises and disappears suddenly and unintentionally. It can not be in contrast to other types of mental states cause a certain stimulus to the desired point in time. The virtual state comes and goes by itself.
Day gratualnogo state, in addition, characterized by the following properties.
Self-action - The current activity seems effortless application as if it flows by itself, as a self-acting force.
elucidated - There is a clarification of thought and consciousness: a person can easily grasp all the information and make the right decisions quickly.
Power - There is a feeling of strength, power, ability to overcome any obstacles.
For ingratualnogo state, apart from the general gratualnym first two properties, characterized by the following properties:
Resistance - The application must be special volitional efforts to continue the work.
bleary - There is a blurred thinking and consciousness: the information is perceived and processed easily.
Impotence - There is a sense of his own helplessness, the inability and the inability to solve the problem.
So, for a virtual state is characterized by:
- neprivykaemost to experiences
- objectivity and fragmentary descriptions
- spontaneous occurrence
- spontaneity activities (self-action or resistance)
- Changing the status of consciousness (Clarification or blurred)
- Changing the status of the individual (the feeling of omnipotence or impotence)
In each case, each of these properties may occur with varying degrees of intensity.
Psychologically virtual state is a state that reflects the self-image in the process of updating the image of flight, regulating the flow of activities, and thus is an indicator of the quality and flow of the process activities.
self-generated - It is like a mental scoreboard, which reflected the state of the image.
Let us consider the peculiarities of the image, which act as an explanatory mechanism of some virtual states, taking examples from flight experience ...
Easy and difficult updated image.
Ease of updating the image. Actualization of the image can be represented as a kind of reading in sequence each of its structural elements. Actualization for various reasons, can occur with varying degrees of ease, from the feasibility of easy to very difficult.
Easy updating generates gratualnoe state: clarity of consciousness, expanding it uhvatyvaniya all the necessary details of the situation, self-confidence, etc. "One day, at night with a minimum of weather performed in accordance with the flight plan four approach. Every time aerobatic information easy to grasp, the approach was carried out with minimal deviations. Any deviation parameter poured in immediately correct action. It was the state of 'direct link' thoughts and aircraft and the confidence that we can all achieve, everything in my power.
Direct link - A loss of an average link in the chain: perception - thought - action. This decreases the value of sensitivity to rejection, increased attention is happening - more parameters can perceive simultaneously or it may be able to quickly switch attention. In this state, sure, I focused and feel; I do everything right, I can do more - without the emotional coloring "(pilot K.).
In this state, you want to sing, perform unimaginable figures, even stomp. You feel like a master of the machine, to revel in the state of power over her. You're almost happy "(pilot A).
Hard actualization creates ingratualnoe condition: stiffness and overvoltage. The third solo flight on a training plane. Rapidly changing weather conditions and landing was almost the minimum weather with very poor visibility. Lacking experience, missed when coming, I went to the second round. Then there was more bad approach. Legs become like cotton. Such a condition, if all the air exhaled and inhaled exhausted. He began to remember his actions at ejection. Only gathering strength, he forced himself to more closely monitor the devices. On the third attempt could still land. After the flight, I sat on a bench and fell asleep instantly "(pilot A). '' When an unexpected hit in the difficult situation the flow of necessary information becomes monstrously large, do not have time to understand it, you are late with the decision. Dirty attitude to yourself, to your negligence, you feel inferior "(pilot).
Structural disorders of the image. The virtual state is reflected in the psyche of the process of updating the image, but for various reasons, this process can be blocked and the image becomes empty of content in this case. The absence of the content of the image means that violated its functions reflect the situation and regulation of activity. In this case, at full capacity the person ceases to understand what is happening, or when saving understanding of what is happening in its activities (actions, perceptions, etc.), arise spontaneously involuntary violations. There ingratualnoe corresponding state; or confusion, or alienation, alienation from themselves and (or) situation. '' When landing in automatic mode, switched off the autopilot at an altitude of two hundred, as I guessed. Suddenly Centre stick went on my own - a very big effort. The plane began to lose altitude. What's happening? What to do? - These thoughts alternated in my brain. Already I wanted to catapult when he realized that this refusal autopilot. I went to the second round "(the pilot F.). There were some cases where it was clear what was going on, but could not act correctly. I attribute this situation to the category of temporary confusion. Time seems to stop the run, and the actions are directed only at the analysis "(pilot).
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