russian English French German italian spanish
IL-62
Articles
IL 62

IL-62. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

 

Chetyrehdvigatelny IL-62 designed in OKB Ilyushin in 1960 year, he became the first Soviet passenger jet long-range. It was created as a replacement for turboprop passenger aircraft Tu-104, for intercontinental flights. At first glance it looks like a British Vickers VC-10. But it was a very successful aircraft that surpassed VC-10. A labeling NATO the aircraft received the designation «Classic».

The "Aeroflot"In 60-ies there was an urgent need for long-haul passenger jets class. The characteristics of speed, comfort, reliability, economy and range, he was not to give his contemporaries ( "Boeing-707», DC-8). And beyond that, on the plane was supposed to be a special technique, which would provide a secure solution for engine failure, as well as in areas of high turbulence.

IL-62 Photo

Aircraft that meet these rules become IL-62. This is the first jet plane for passenger transport, designed in Ilyushin Design Bureau. He was the last aircraft built by Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin (1963 year). As health SV Ilyushin handed operation and left the project of OKB. After he was appointed General Designer GV Novozhilov.

Due to the calculations and aerodynamic research has been made possible to optimize the shape of the wing. It was possible in the wing and around the aircraft to a combination of high performance characteristics that affect the level of safety. This happened thanks to the arrangement of the wing and wastewater system of interaction with the pods. An important factor was the transition to manual (direct) control.

ACS system is the first redundant system installed on IL-62. She had povyshennoybezopasnostyu and reliability, which, in turn, was necessary for use in aircraft landing minima of the second and third categories. It enhances the specially designed equipment for the automatic landing of heavy aircraft.

When you create the IL-62 OKB Ilyushin and TsAGI performed a number of different laboratory tests of endurance and strength. They are allowed to open a lot of potential problems, which in turn were solved immediately. This results in a plane, a smaller weight than its opponents abroad, and the size of the wings and the weight returns have become significantly more.

IL-62 1 Photo

Wing sweep, in addition to the positive qualities is undesirable property - deterioration of the transverse handling, especially at high angles. Therefore, designers have devised to establish the leading edge of the wing in a special form of a beak influx. In addition to solving the basic problem, the "beak" allow to achieve excellent performance roll moment for the entire region of corner radii and, accordingly, beak began to play the role of a wind baffle.

When you create a design project Il-62 engineers were looking for all possible options to reduce the weight of the aircraft. Elementary solution was the transition from the electrical DC (voltage 27 B) on the AC system (voltage 220 B). As a result, engineers and technicians have received a more reliable electrical system and reducing the weight on 600 kilos.

Thanks to the rear position of the engines, there is less noise in all cabins. This also affected the safety level, since the engines were at a great distance from the fuel tanks (the admissibility of the fire decreased). And during a rough landing, the engines will not damage the asphalt or ground. But there is a minus of this layout - this is the displacement of the center of mass. Developers had to weight their wings and lengthen the nose of the aircraft. In the Kuznetsov Design Bureau, engines NK-8 (thrust - 9500 kgf) and a more modernized version of NK-8-4 (increased thrust 10 500 kgf) were created specifically for this aircraft. The engine was surprisingly light and reliable, because the design used titanium alloys, and all units were located in the bottom of the engine.

True, the design and testing of this engine was also difficult. It was decided to mount a two-circuit D-30KU, designed by P. Soloviev (thrust 11 000 kgf). The engine consumed little fuel and had a reverse device. Regardless of the diameter of the new engines, they were easily installed on gondolas, and they did not have to increase their midships. In parallel, the aerodynamic shapes of the gondolas were improved, which led to an improvement in cruise flight regimes. It was on IL-62 that for the first time in the USSR a system was used that reversed the thrust of the engines, which allowed landing on the runway in adverse weather conditions and icing. The mileage has also decreased.

IL-62 23 Photo

IL-62 - is a monoplane with low-lying swept wings, with built-in over the top of the fin stabilizer, engines on pylons attached to the aft fuselage and tricycle landing gear system. The entire fuselage monocoque represented as an elliptic cross section. Layout options have one significant difference - the number of seats (186, 168 and 138). There are also cabins for crew members 5, kitchen, cloakroom, 5 bathrooms and two utility compartment, front and rear.

Wings trehlonzhirovanye, monobloc, reinforced panels of extruded blanks. The tail and the nose of the wing are presented in the form of standard riveted structures. All ailerons and rudders found on 2 trimmer. Flaps and spoilers create a tough scheduling and reduce mileage landing mode. And thanks to a special electrical systems with the presence of two engines changing the angle of the establishment of the stabilizer.

Tanks-fuel compartments are located in the wing, four main and three additional, from which fuel is pumped via pumps. Each of the engine compartment of your consumables. For drenazhirovaniya tanks has additional drainage system. Emergency fuel drain system works thanks to 7 electric pump. At the ends of the wings there are holes drain pipes. The fuel tanks fit no less than one hundred thousand liters of kerosene.

Chassis IL-62 consists of two main pillars on four wheels. Front support - two-wheel drive, and there is an extra tail. The front can be controlled, and braking. On the main bearing mounted powerful disc brakes. Also there is an additional braking system and in case of emergency. In turn, hydraulics, too, is divided into primary and secondary. The main hydraulic system is responsible for the production and the chassis cleaning, parking and the main brake system control of the front support and the wiper and interceptors.

IL-62 Photo booths

During the flight from icing is protected by a special system. It does not allow ice to be covered with wing wings, feathers, air intakes, engines, the front glass of the cockpit and the ventilators. To this and other systems, electricity is supplied by four alternators. The DC mechanism is powered from the main system. The very start of the engine is provoked by compressed airflow from TA-6 (on-board turbo-unit). When the aircraft is on the ground, TA-6 generates electricity to recharge the on-board network. By the same principle, fresh air is applied to the cockpit and to the cabin.

IL-62 first took to the skies in January 63 years with engines AL-7. In April, the first 1964 his flight made a second IL-built with engines NK 62-8. It worked out and checked the compatibility of all systems. In 1965 of the sky fell 3-second prototype, which was the beginning of serial production. After the state tests in 1967 passenger liner dalnomagistralnogo year began. Many appreciated as an excellent aircraft air machine. It not only drew level with similar samples zakordonnogo production, but in many ways ahead of them.

IL-62 began to perform a large number of flights, both intercity and intercontinental. Such companies, as "Air France","Jal"and KLM even took a plane for continuous operation. In this high-tech aircraft we worked well together, and economic indicators, and all thanks to high-quality design, consulting engineers and technologists of OKB. Ilyushin. During the entire existence of the aircraft it was established 250 copies of IL-62 and IL-62M. About eighty of them flew to China Airlines, North Korea, Angola, Hungary, Poland, Cuba, Romania and many others.

IL-62 photo

IL 62 2

 

The first flight of IL-62 was performed on 2 January 1963. On it engines AL7 with thrust on 75кН have been established. Then AL7 were replaced with NK8 engines with a thrust of 95kN, each. Four engines are located on pylons in the tail of the fuselage. This arrangement allows to achieve a low noise level in the passenger compartment. Of these four engines, only the two external ones have a reverse thrust. Wing sweep 35 degrees. Fuel tanks of the aircraft are located in the cavities of the wing. The design of the aircraft is such that it is capable of landing with the failure of two engines. The crew consists of two pilots, a flight engineer, navigator and radio operator. The first experienced flight on the empty IL-62 Aeroflot made 10 March 1963 on the route Moscow-Khabarovsk. And the first flight with passengers took place in March 1967 year on the line Moscow-Khabarovsk and Moscow-Novosibirsk. And on the international route IL-62 flew 15 September 1967 year. This flight was Moscow-Montreal, on the occasion of the World Exhibition in Montreal.

IL-62 photo salon

IL 62 Salon

 

Only about 230 machines were built. 75 more of them were exported. Besides "Aeroflot"The aircraft was delivered to many friendly countries. Serial production of the Il-62 aircraft continued until 1980 year. In 1970 years was released a modified version of the aircraft - IL-62M. This version is widely used. The upgraded IL-62M was distinguished in particular by the installation of more powerful and economical D-30 engines that replaced the original NK-8, as well as an additional fuel tank located in the keel of the aircraft. The maximum take-off mass from 155 tons to 165 tons increased. This version was first introduced in Paris in 1971 year and put into operation in three years.

IL-62 interior scheme

 

In 1987 year version of the Ilyushin Il-62MK it was presented. This version had a larger seating capacity - 186 places. Also in this version it was hard wing aircraft.

 

Features Ilyushin Il-62:

 

  • Length: 53,12 m.

  • Height: 12,35 m.

  • Wingspan: 43,2 m.

  • Empty weight: 70400 kg.

  • Maximum speed: 875 km / h.

  • Cruising speed: 850 km / h.

  • Range: 11045 km.

  • Wing area: 279,55 sq.m.

  • Ceiling: 14000 m.

  • Number of seats: 186 places

  • Crew: 5 people

 

IL-62. Gallery.

IL-62 1 photoIL-62 2 photoIL-62 3 photo

IL-62 4 photoIL-62 5 photoIL-62 6 photo

IL-62 7 photoIL-62 8 photoIL-62 9 photo

IL-62 10 photoIL-62 11 photoIL-62 12 photo

 

IL-62 video

 

View all planes ...

OKB Ilyushin Aircraft

Comments

CAPTCHA
This question is to determine whether you are a human automated spam submissions.

Is tu104 was a turboprop?

They mixed with the Tu-114. He was a long-haul.
A Tu-104 was a medium-range. Yes, and he has the capacity of about 100 passengers.

This photo cabin Tu-154B rather than IL-62!

I flew it from Moscow to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky without landings. An excellent plane.

Such planes still exist in North Korea.

Lovely liner. Fly it perfectly, and he handsome! No buffeting. Which airlines operate it yet?

The passenger was already long gone, except that only the Ministry of Emergency Situations. In general, the appearance of the aircraft funny, I mean stoyachnuyu rear leg, which is exposed when loading passengers.

But the rear rack eliminates perevalivanie a tail! Problems when loading / unloading and maintenance are much smaller. The aircraft sitting on the tail, it looks a lot worse!

Very sorry. I would like once more to ride on it, to feel the power of that time.

It was created as a replacement for turboprop passenger aircraft Tu-144 - error? Tu-104, Tu-114?

Mistake twice :) Now is the Tu-104

Who ever wrote this article ... in my life seen the article with so many missteps, the impression that the man who wrote it, someone was chasing and he concocted an article on the run!

Pages

upstairs