Sturmovik IL-16 is a further development of the known IL-10. The most noticeable difference between these machines is that the new car is shorter than its predecessor by one meter. The plane was designed in the year 1945 forces Ilyushin Design Bureau. The power plant of the aircraft consisted of two types of engines AM 43NV. These motors can develop capacity of 2,3 thousand horsepower. The machine was adopted, similar to the aircraft IL-2. The maximum speed of the machine becomes 576 km / h. In spite of all, she did not get into mass manufacturing. Basically it could be explained by constant technical problems. The biggest problems were related to the screw-motor system. Serial production was canceled because of the uselessness of the aircraft, as the war was finished.
Design features of the Il-16
The aircraft model Il-10 was the standard Soviet attack aircraft of World War II, which is why a new device was developed based on it, which is to achieve even better flight characteristics. Upon completion of state tests Il-10 was begun designing a new IL-16.
The new aircraft was made more powerful engine in the design office of A. Mikulin. Under the scheme design and aerodynamic performance IL-16 was very similar to the original machine. The difference was smaller mass and some geometrical parameters. Due to all of this attack was to reach speeds of up to 625 km / h. Furthermore, robust design and large thrust-to-weight ratio should be allowed to perform even the most complex aerobatics. The plane had reservations, which repeat all forms of the previous model, except for a thickness of the armor itself. In IL-16 armor was thinner, it is possible to reduce the overall weight of the structure. However, the plane was increased area which had armor.
Armament was represented by two large-caliber guns such as NA-23. These plants could produce 280 volleys. The two machine guns armament ShKAS model, which was established in 1400 ammunition rounds have been included. All the weapons available on the detachable part of the wing. Maximum car bomb load was 400 kilos. The bombs were placed in the inner compartment of the aircraft. In addition, the bomb could be strengthened on the external sling. With further refinement apparatus bomb load was increased to 500 kilos. The tail part of the machine gun-type protecting UB-20, which had ammunition in 150 cartridges. To protect against the enemy on board the IL-16 were aviation grenades Class AH-2.
Despite the fact that the new and old weapons attack aircraft were identical, IL-16 has many advantages due to its speed and maneuverability. At the time, it was such a device does not have enough at the front. After that, the project began to prepare for serial production.
The first full-16 IL was created in the early 45 years at the production plant. At first flight test vehicle ran experienced VK Kokkinaki. This flight showed that at high power and relatively short fuselage is difficult to keep the car in horizontal flight. To solve this problem, the designers lengthened the tail part of a foot and increased the total area of the tail, to control the handlebars were added trimmers. With improved aerodynamics and aircraft needed to finalize the power plant. Eventually the car to modify and do not have time, because the project was closed in the middle of summer 1946 years.
|Wing area, m2||24.00|
|engine's type||1 PD Mikulin AM 43NV|
|rated||X 1 2000|
|takeoff||X 1 2300|
|Maximum speed km / h|
|near the ground||529|
|Practical range, km||800|
|Rate of climb, m / min||658|
|Practical ceiling, m||7600|
|Armament:||Two-mm gun 23-23 load cells or HC-23 (mounted on the wing) and UBS machine gun 12.7 from behind|
|to RS-8 82-132 or PC|
|bomb load - normal version - 400 kg|
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