December 23 2014, the press service of JSC "Aviation Complex. SV Ilyushin "informed about the conclusion of a contract with the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on the development of a military transport plane Il-112V. Construction of the first prototype of the aircraft is scheduled for 2017 year and the beginning of serial production - 2019 year.
Russian designers aviation technology is not standing still. And if the fighters and bombers, thanks to the media and the actions of the Russian Federation in Syria videoconferencing, already well known around the world, military transport aircraft is always in the shade. This is especially true of promising new developments. But apart PAK-TA, Which is designed for delivery in 2020-2030 year, there are new developments transport aircraft for the near future. That's just how they are new and promising, we try to understand.
IL-112V, as a replacement for the An-26
An-26 well-known transport military aircraft. NATO called "Whirlwind" we the people he called "Nastya". The aircraft has proven itself in the harsh conditions of combat operation, and in the Far North. As with all cars developed in the Soviet Union, An-26 It has a large backlog in construction, reliable and easy to use, in general, soundly army horse, serving more than a dozen years.
Unfortunately, any mechanism, and especially such a complex set of the plane, has a limit on the modernization and maintenance.
In the spring of 2015 defended the technical design of the IL-112V to the customer (Ministry of Defence), which were approved by the shape of the aircraft, the composition of its systems and equipment, as well as a set of documents. The crew will consist of three persons: two pilots and operators on-board systems.
Here to replace our "Nastya," and to come IL-112, According to the Defense Ministry and designers CB "Ilyushin". In principle, the planes are quite similar in their characteristics. Engine parameters - too. Capacity at the IL-112 500 more on kg. But it is not the weight that you can deduct a plus.
It is not clear why one change to another freighter, with almost the same characteristics.
If 70-s TTX An-26 were quite impressive, the performance characteristics of the IL-112 10-to mid-ies 21 century already look a little serious. In 2011, the military has refused to IL-112v now again the topic was raised. Do not blame the fact the notorious program of import substitution, under which corporations want to push projects and developments, so to say, not entirely new. But their own, domestic.
What is new is good LVTS (light military transport aircraft)
What and how much can transport trucks carrying capacity of tons 6?
One car GAZ-66, blank, board. Same old, like the An-26. And why should it be transported somewhere?
The cargo-passenger version of the stated load capacity 44 fighter. We calculate the weight of the fighter about 80 kg, meaning well-trained man, not a conscript with the "sheep" weight. A complete set of the soldier weighs about 24 kg. This, together with arms, ammunition, clothing, food, etc. That is one fighter with a personal weapon will weigh 105 kg, and maybe more. 44 passenger x = 110 4840 kg kg. And it is practically 80% load side. The staffing motorized infantry company from the 60 100 people to have a company of paratroopers to 80 people. That is one flight you can throw a junior company, with a minimum of additional arms (MANPADS and other ATGM). And throw that a company can only 1-2,5 thousand. km. And it will take from the 2 5 hours before, the rate on the "cruiser" in IL-112 480 is km \ hour (the An-26 435 was cruising km \ hour).
What is the meaning of such a replacement, which are millions of rubles?
At that time, as we then put into production, it was removed from his next project, Brazil not only danced at carnivals. Figure new Brazilian medium transport aircraft designed to replace the C-130 Lockheed. Designer Embraer created a good machine for ground platforms.
TTX KC-390 impressive:
Cruising speed - 920 km \ hour
Flight range with cargo tonnes 19 - 6200 km
The maximum weight that takes the car - 23,6 tonnes
Length of cargo area almost 16 meters, C-130 - 12 meters, IL-112 - 11,3 meters (with a ramp)
Standard load - 14,5 tonnes
For comparison, the weight of our BMP-2 - 14 tons, BTR-70 - 11,5 tonnes of SMP-2 «Tiger» - 6,4 tons.
So what and where and for how much time can throw a 'new' freighter? In addition to half-company of fighters on the field of the big city?
Although light is incorrect to compare the IL-114 with an average transporters Embraer, we are trying to understand the issue of expediency of such a machine, and replace them AN-26.
The first aircraft IL-112V series will be built at the Voronezh plant by the end of the year 2016, maybe it will take a worthy place in the ranks of Russian BTA, who knows ....
Valery Smirnov specifically for avia.pro
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