IATA - International Air Transport Association
The current International Air Transport Association (International Air Transport Association - IATA - NGO carriers (airlines), which was founded in April 1945 in Havana (Cuba). It is the successor to the "old» IATA (International Air Traffic Association), founded in The Hague, the 1919 and limited mostly by the European region.
During his current base consisted of IATA members from 57 31 States, mainly from Europe and North America. Today, more than 270 IATA members represent more than 140 of all parts of the world. Influence of IATA and activities spread throughout the world, as reflected in the Charter (Articles of Association) and a more precise definition of its objectives.
The objectives of IATA are:
- promoting the safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of people throughout the world;
- promoting commercial activities in air transport and research related problems;
- to provide a means for cooperation among entrepreneurs in the field of air transport, directly or indirectly involved in the maintenance of international air transport;
- cooperation with the ICAO and other international organizations.
The most important tasks of the IATA in the initial period were technical problems as safety and reliability are the foundation of air carriers and require the highest standards of air navigation infrastructure of airports and flight operations. Airlines - members of LATA made a vital contribution to the work of ICAO in the preparation of SARPs, the formation of a legislative base, standardization of documentation and procedures for coordinated functioning of the global network of airlines, the allocation of radio frequencies in the sessions of the International Telecommunication Union (International Telecommunications Union), as well as the development and modernization of transport conditions (Conditions of Carriage) for the passengers of the Warsaw Convention (Warsaw Convention). IATA made a significant contribution to the development of bilateral agreements between states on the movement and mutual recognition of transportation documents (Bilateral Traffic Agreements). Beginning in 1946, when it was made the first bilateral agreement on transport between the United States and the United Kingdom (Bermuda Agreement), and currently there are more than the ICAO 4000 such agreements.
Here are some examples of modern survey research IATA, as reflected in the relevant resolution (IATA Resolutions): Multilateral Agreement on the mutual recognition of transportation documents (Multilateral Interline Traffic Agreements - MITA), which is the basis of multilateral agreements air carriers on flights of passengers by different airlines on one carriage document ( Currently, MITA has about 300 airlines);
Conference Resolution servicing passenger and cargo transportation (Passenger and Cargo Services Conference Resolutions), which prescribe the variety of standard formats and technical specifications of tickets and payment documents;
Agreement on passenger and cargo agencies and Regulations dealerships transportation (Passenger and Cargo Agency Agreements & Sales Agency Rules), which establish the system of relationships between air carriers - LATA members and accredited IATA agent in transportation of passengers and cargo.
By October 1979 IATA it was reorganized into a two-tier structure, comprising:
- Association for the sale of air transportation (Trade Association), of agencies dealing with the problem associated with the technical, legal and financial support services for transportation;
- Coordination tariff (Tariff Coordination), engaged in passenger and freight tariffs and related conditions and changes.
Activities IATA the most significant issues of the international economic (commercial) regulation. IATA is committed to cooperation and close relationship with many international regulatory agencies, including ICAO, the Department of Transportation United States (US Department of Transportation), the European Commission Directorate-General for Transport and Competition (European Commissions Directorates- General for Transport and Competition), European Civil Aviation Conference (European Civil Aviation Conference - ESASL World Trade Organization (World Trade Organization - WTO), the World Tourism Organization ( World Tourism Organization), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and the International Chamber of Commerce (International Chamber of Commerce).
IATA undertook and takes a considerable amount of initiatives to facilitate the amendment of international regulatory documents. An example is the Montreal Convention (Montreal Convention), which entered into force in November, the 2003 and modernize the Warsaw Convention (Warsaw Convention).
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