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IATA

IATA - International Air Transport Association

 

The current International Air Transport Association (International Air Transport Association - IATA - NGO carriers (airlines), which was founded in April 1945 in Havana (Cuba). It is the successor to the "old» IATA (International Air Traffic Association), founded in The Hague, the 1919 and limited mostly by the European region.

During his current base consisted of IATA members from 57 31 States, mainly from Europe and North America. Today, more than 270 IATA members represent more than 140 of all parts of the world. Influence of IATA and activities spread throughout the world, as reflected in the Charter (Articles of Association) and a more precise definition of its objectives.

IATA building

The objectives of IATA are:

  • promoting the safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of people throughout the world;
  • promoting commercial activities in air transport and research related problems;
  • to provide a means for cooperation among entrepreneurs in the field of air transport, directly or indirectly involved in the maintenance of international air transport;
  • cooperation with the ICAO and other international organizations.

The most important tasks of IATA in the initial period were technical problems, since safety and reliability are the foundation of air carrier activity and require the highest standards in air navigation, airport infrastructure and flight operations. LATA member airlines made a vital contribution to the work of the ICAO in the preparation of SARPs, the formation of a legislative basis, the standardization of documentation and procedures for the coordinated operation of the global airline network, the allocation of radio frequencies to sessions of the International Telecommunications Union, And the modernization of the Conditions of Carriage of passengers for the Warsaw Convention. IATA's contribution to the development of a system of bilateral agreements between states on the carriage and mutual recognition of the Bilateral Traffic Agreements is significant. Since 1946, when the first bilateral agreement on transportation between the United States and Britain (Bermuda Agreement) was adopted, and up to now 4000 such agreements have been registered with the ICAO.

IATA plane

Here are some examples of modern survey research IATA, as reflected in the relevant resolution (IATA Resolutions): Multilateral Agreement on the mutual recognition of transportation documents (Multilateral Interline Traffic Agreements - MITA), which is the basis of multilateral agreements air carriers on flights of passengers by different airlines on one carriage document ( Currently, MITA has about 300 airlines);

Conference Resolution servicing passenger and cargo transportation (Passenger and Cargo Services Conference Resolutions), which prescribe the variety of standard formats and technical specifications of tickets and payment documents;

Agreement on passenger and cargo agencies and Regulations dealerships transportation (Passenger and Cargo Agency Agreements & Sales Agency Rules), which establish the system of relationships between air carriers - LATA members and accredited IATA agent in transportation of passengers and cargo.

By October 1979 IATA it was reorganized into a two-tier structure, comprising:

  • Association for the sale of air transportation (Trade Association), of agencies dealing with the problem associated with the technical, legal and financial support services for transportation;
  • Coordination tariff (Tariff Coordination), engaged in passenger and freight tariffs and related conditions and changes.

IATA logo

IATA's activities are most significant in matters of international economic (commercial) regulation. IATA is committed to cooperation and close relationships with many international regulatory organizations, including the ICAO, the US Department of Transportation, the European Commission's Directorate General for Transport and Competition, the European Civil Aviation Conference (European Civil Aviation Conference), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Tourism Organization (WTO), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development unarodnaya Chamber of Commerce (International Chamber of Commerce).

IATA undertook and takes a considerable amount of initiatives to facilitate the amendment of international regulatory documents. An example is the Montreal Convention (Montreal Convention), which entered into force in November, the 2003 and modernize the Warsaw Convention (Warsaw Convention).

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Good afternoon.
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