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Gloster Meteor. Photo. Characteristics.
Gloster Meteor. Photo. Characteristics.

Gloster Meteor. Photo. Characteristics.

United Kingdom

A type: Twin-engine fighter, night fighter and advanced training aircraft

Crew: Pilot (full-time fighter), the pilot and the navigator (in the night fighter) and two pilots, arranged one behind the other (in training aircraft)

Single of the allied planes, got to the front during World War II, the aircraft "Meteor» (Meteor) F 1 had significant disadvantages because of its large size and the area of ​​the wing did not meet the company's thrust of its engines' Uilend »(Welland). However, these features found development through finishing work performed by "Rolls-Royce", which led to the fact that the plane "Meteor", starting with the modification of F 3, equipped with much better turbojets series "Derwent» (Derwent) . The aircraft was the primary day fighter Fighter Command and Second Tactical Air Force in the period from the beginning of 1945 1950-ies.

However, its ability to carry out other tasks has also been used by creating a two-seat night fighter equipped with radar series "Whitworth» (Whitworth) of "Armstrong» (Armstrong).The first of these planes (under the designation NF 11) came into operation in the year 1951, and training aircraft T 7 - in 1949 year. The last of these aircraft was the first jet training aircraft in the RAF. The last modification of the day was a fighter F 8, the main plane Fighter Command with 1950 1955 year before.

The latest modification of the aircraft "Meteor", trapped in the Royal Air Force, became FR 9, created to address the combined challenges of tactical fighter and reconnaissance, which had previously been characterized by the plane "Spitfire» FR 18. At the same time the plane PR 10 replaced planes "Spitfire» PR XI and 19 in the problems of high-altitude strategic reconnaissance. Over the last assembly of the aircraft "Meteor" (T modification 7) in 1954, the total production reached 3974 copies.

Basic data

Dimensions (to modify the F 8):

  • Length: 13,59 m
  • Wingspan: 11,3 m
  • Height: 4,22 m

The weight:

  • BLANK: 4820 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 8664 kg

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 958 km / h
  • Range: 1610 km

Power point: Two turbojet engine "Derwent» 8 company "Rolls Royce"

Power: 32 kN thrust

Date of first flight:

  • 5 March 1943 year

The surviving airworthy modifications:T 7 (Mod), F 8, NF 11 and D 16


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