Folland Gnat T-1. Photo. Characteristics.
A type: Single-engine jet training aircraft
Crew: Two pilots are arranged one behind the other
Designed on the basis of a light fighter Fo 139 «Middzh» (Midge) of "Volland» (Folland) plane "Nat» (Gnat - mosquito), in contrast to his predecessor single, achieved success in the Royal Air Force. The plane "Middzh" was twice easier and cheaper aircraft "Hunter» (Hunter) of "Hawker". Despite the fact that the Royal Air Force have expressed little interest in the "affordable" fighter, it is still not lost for the company, "Volland," because the BBC attracted double uchebnotrenirovochnaya advanced modification, mainly due to its subsonic speed.
After six tests of experimental samples of the Air Force decided to use the plane "Nat" T 1 1958, and in January, the company posted "Volland" 14 order for pre-production aircraft, which was followed by a contract for the following 91 production aircraft. Already in operation revealed that the plane "Net" was too difficult to maintain, particularly in relation to the longitudinal control wiring and auxiliary systems. Small rear canopy practically did not provide the instructor forward-looking, and the use of a variant with arms was discontinued due to difficulties in the management of the channel pitch, which, despite several attempts, has not been eliminated.
In fact, controversial even then, that the greatest contribution of this aircraft to the development of the Royal Air Force during the two decades of operation have been using it as a means of recruiting new pilots when it was used as the main aircraft worldwide now known aerobatic team «Red Arrow» («Red Arrows "). Freed after the cessation of flights, the aircraft in 1979 "Nat" served as ground simulators as long as a certain number of them was sold to private owners in 1987-1998 years.
- Length: 9,65 m
- Wingspan: 7,32 m
- Height: 3,2 m
- BLANK: 2546 kg
- Maximum take-off: 4240 kg
Aircraft performance characteristics:
- Maximum speed: 1026 km / h
- Range: 1900 km
Power point: "Orpheus» 101 company"Bristol Siddeley"
Power: 18,84 kN thrust
Date of first flight:
- 31 1959 year in August (the plane T 1)
The surviving airworthy modifications: T1
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