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Fairchild C-123 Provider. Photo Feature.
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Fairchild C-123 Provider. Photo Feature.

Fairchild C-123 Provider. Photo Feature.

USA

A type: Twin-engine transport aircraft

Capacity: A crew of two and up to 61 fully equipped soldiers

Rough plane "Provider» (Provider - Provider) can trace their ancestry back to an all-metal airframe for the transportation of goods and soldiers XG-20 of "Chase Aircraft» (Chase Aircraft), built in the year 1949. US Air Force expressed interest in its variant with engines, so the company has equipped a second prototype airframe with two engines "Double Wasp" and awarded him the designation XC-123 "Evitrak» (Avitruc - air truck). In 1953 300 year contract for the copies of the aircraft C-123V was issued by the company "Kaiser Frazer» (Kaizer-Frazer), and since the latter was soon faced with production difficulties, the order is completed the company Fairchild. The first production aircraft began to arrive at the end of 1954 years in the US Air Force. Robust construction and excellent handling characteristics make it popular among the crews of tactical transport aircraft.

Provider aircraft also became the first US Air Force transport aircraft, introduced in the fighting in the Vietnam War. In addition to transport goods and troops modified UC-123B aircraft used for spraying pesticides ( «Agent Orange» - «Orange agent") as part of the plan «Ranch Hand» ( «farmer Hand"), and two C-123V were converted under standard "AS" and used at night against road freight columns Communists with sensors, lighting rockets and cluster bombs. The scheduled performance of C-123 aircraft have been greatly improved by installing in separate gondolas two additional jet engines 385 during alterations in the early 1960-ies in the modification of aircraft in modification C.

At the same time, special modifications N / 3 (ten converted aircraft) got a similar boost power, but with the help of jet engines 044 of The Fairchild, installed in nacelles at the wing tips, - the last aircraft with wheel-ski landing gear used Air National Guard (ANG) Alaska. Aircraft C-123 were finally taken out of the military operation in the United States in the year 1979.

Basic data

Dimensions:

  • Length: 23,25 m
  • Wingspan: 33,35 m
  • Height: 10,38 m

The weight:

  • BLANK: 16 042 kg for modifying C-123K
  • Maximum take-off: 27 240 kgall modifications

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 392 km / h
  • Range: 2365 km

Power point: 2 motor R-2800-99W «Cyclone" Company "Wright" and two auxiliary turbojet engine J85-6E-17 company "General Electric"

Power: 5000 l. from. (3730 kW) and 25,35 kN thrust, respectively

Date of first flight:

  • 1 September 1954 years

The surviving airworthy modifications: 123V C / H and K

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