Fairchild BQ-3. Specifications. A photo.
Fairchild BQ-3 - unmanned aerial vehicle for military use, designed in 1944, the company «Fairchild».
Design of unmanned air vehicle model Fairchild BQ-3 began in the early 40-ies of the last century. In fact, in order to minimize development time, as well as to reduce the final cost of the project, it was decided to use the existing model of combat aircraft, well-adjusted in such a way to manage it with the help of electronic equipment. Experts believe that it is this approach provided an opportunity to develop in the United States work on the design of unmanned aerial vehicles.
UAV model Fairchild BQ-3, designed on the basis of military aircraft Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, has undergone its first tested in July 1944 years, however, due to problems with the radio control, the first attempt to start operating the drones failed data. The second unmanned, some adapted from the American aircraft manufacturers also failed to meet expectations, because there was a problem with the drone of management control, in particular, to operate the UAV Fairchild BQ-3 could only be in sight, and then, the device practically flew blindly, as a consequence, the actual use of it was very risky and ineffective.
Powerplant UAV model Fairchild BQ-3 represented by two piston engines brands Ranger V-770-15, who had thrust in 520 hp each, in fact fully consistent with military aircraft model Fairchild AT-21 Gunner. Due to the reduced number of weight, the device can accelerate to a maximum speed of its flight in 360 km \ h., While the effective range of the use of UAVs has been limited 20 kilometers.
Specifications Fairchild BQ-3.
- Length: 16,05 m .;
- Wingspan: 11 m .;
- Height: 4,2 m .;
- Maximum takeoff weight: 6940 kg .;
- Cruising flight speed: 300 km \ h .;
- Maximum flight speed: 350 km \ h .;
- Maximum flight distance: 20 km .;
- Maximum flight height: 7000 m .;
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: 2 x Ranger V-770-15;
- Power: 2 x 520 hp
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