"English Electric" Canberra. Photo. Characteristics.
A type: Twin-engine jet bomber, photo reconnaissance and training aircraft
Crew: two people
In addition, he was the first jet bomber of the Royal Air Force, the aircraft "Canberra» (Canberra) and proved himself as the most durable jet warplane UK - a small number of scouts and aircraft electronic countermeasures still continue to serve after 47 years after the first flight of the prototype. Built on the technical task V.3 / 45 of the Ministry of Aviation, "Canberra" rely mainly on experience Command bombers on the use of aircraft "Mosquito» (Mosquito) of "De Havilland", which was virtually inaccessible in the skies over Germany thanks to its striking peak speed. The plane "Canberra" was also built to achieve maximum speed and did not have defensive weapons.
Although he was commissioned as a "light bomber," a lot of planes V.2 put into operation as a replacement aircraft "Lincoln" Company AVRo. In fact, the Royal Air Force were so pleased with the aircraft, which was built 546 copies, and they were equipped with about 30 parts of the Royal Air Force.The key to the success of the aircraft "Canberra" was his wing quite small extension, which gave significant fuel savings at a maximum cruising altitude, which significantly exceeded the ceiling, jet fighters achieved in the same period. This meant that for a number of years before the missiles "air - air" aircraft "Canberra" has been out of reach for the interception of manned spacecraft.
The aircraft also had great success abroad - the US Air Force, even put it into production in the company "Martin Aircraft» (Martin Aircraft) after failed to find "home" medium bomber to replace its aircraft in-26 «Inveyder." Received the designation in-57 plane took an active part in the fighting in Vietnam, flying side by side with the Australian aircraft "Canberra" in 20.
Dimensions (for modification in 6):
- Length: 19,96 m
- Wingspan: 19,5 m
- Height: 4,77 m
Aircraft performance characteristics:
- Maximum speed: 834 km / h
- BLANK: 12 678 kg
- Maximum take-off: 25 514 kg
Range of flight: 5842 km - Ferry range
Power point: two engines "Avon» 109 of "Rolls-Royce"
Power: 32,92 kN thrust
Date of first flight:
- 13 May 1949 years
The surviving airworthy modifications: In 2, V6 and in 6 (Mod), B (1) 8 (Mod), in 20 and 18 TT
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