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Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Photo. Characteristics.
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Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Photo. Characteristics.

Douglas A-4 Skyhawk. Photo. Characteristics.

USA

A type: Single-engine jet attack aircraft or double training aircraft or the aircraft of advanced aviation management (FAC)

CrewOne pilot (by attack aircraft) or two pilots, arranged one behind the other (training aircraft / aircraft forward Aviation Administration (FAC)

Meets the trends start 1960-ies the creation of larger and larger combat aircraft, A-4 company "Douglas" was the original idea of ​​the chief engineer Ed Heinemann, who is also responsible for the previous decade planes A and A-26-1. Weighing less than 13 608 kg given by the US Navy, the new jet bomber-attack nonetheless was able to carry out all tasks entrusted to him. A-4 was soon nicknamed the «Fleinemann's Hot Rod» («Lihach Heinemann") because of its outstanding flight performance.

The first plane A-4 (later received the designation A4D-1) entered the Navy in October 1956 year and the beginning of the Vietnam War all air units based on aircraft carriers, had at least two squadrons, "Skyhawk". Modification B, C and E showed growth opportunities (and weight) of the aircraft A-4 since the construction of the first copies, and the aircraft became the main tasks for the Navy and the US Marine Corps for ground attack jungles of Southeast Asia. The plane "Skyhawk» (Skyhawk - Heavenly Hawk) had also export success, a large number of aircraft sold to Indonesia, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, New Zealand, Kuwait, Israel and Argentina. Aircraft in the last three countries also took part in the fighting. In 1965 the company has created a double modification of Douglas Aircraft "Skyhawk", the designation TA-4.

Subsequently, it was built 555 these aircraft for the US armed forces and for export. A large number of aircraft of the total number of storm troopers - 2405 instances built up with 1954 1979 years - is still serving in the ranks of the military aviation.

Basic data

Dimensions (for aircraft modification 4V A / C):

  • Length: 12,04 m
  • Wingspan: 8,38 m
  • Height: 4,57 m

The weight:

  • BLANK: 4211 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 9979 kg

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 1088 km / h without suspension
  • Flight range: 1480 km without external fuel tanks

Power point: J65-16A of "Wright" (in versions 4V A / C) or P-352A 8- companies "Pratt & Whitney" (on the modification of TA-4J)

Power:33,8 and 41,4 kN kN thrustrespectively

Date of first flight:

  • 22 1954 year in June

The surviving airworthy modifications: 4V-A / C-TA and 4J

 

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