Chinese military fighter 5-generation of Western classification Chengdu J-20 is the latest combat aircraft China. Despite the fact that its production is still not fully completed, it is safe to say that the recent improvements are carried out in this regard, and most likely, as expected, the new combat fighter in the Air Force will arrive in China already 2017 year.
It is worth noting that the Chinese authorities did not hide the fact that has been developing in this area, especially since the first pictures of the new aircraft appeared in 2010 year.
Developments fighters Chengdu J-20 or as it is referred to as "Black Eagle" began in 2002 year. In 2010 year held its first flight tests of the new combat air vehicle, but according to some media reports, the government was not fully satisfied with the quality and characteristics of the fighters Chengdu J-20, and thus gave time for revision. In the year 2012 60 occurred about test flights, which showed that the plane really very effective in flight and did not cause any difficulties in their management.
It is learned that the Chinese fighter aircraft 5-generation Russian aircraft engines are used, but if the project to establish a Russian military aircraft MiG 1.44 they came, for the Chinese military aircraft have become almost family.
There is also information and that Chinese combat fighter 5-generation Chengdu J-20 be unobtrusive for radar systems, what resembles its shape, similar to the shape of the US military fighter F-22. The authorities have also reported that their new aircraft will be more efficient than the US F-22But his plan will cost at 15-20 percent cheaper.
Most of the data to create a Chinese fighter 5-generation is classified, and currently there is no information about the arming of the new aircraft.
The Chinese government is currently actively embarked on improving the combat power of the army. First of all, they want to achieve this through the creation of new, higher-quality vehicles for the Air Force. That aircraft is the fifth-generation strike fighter under the name J-20. This project is currently in the final stages of research. Designers brought to full readiness of all systems and are working to resolve the problems. Due to this, it is not known exactly when this car will go into service in the army of China.
Design features fighter J-20
Fighter J-20 equipped with high-wing with a trapezoidal shape. The total wingspan 12,8 meters, moreover, the wings are offset to the rear of the machine. To control the flight of the rear of the wing is equipped with ailerons and flaps. A feature of 20-th model is the lack of a tail stabilizer, their function is performed by the canard horizontal form. This plumage is located on the fuselage of the machine for the air intakes. The tail fin mounted to the outer two off-axis.
The body of the aircraft has a modern, classic layout that allows you to achieve high flight characteristics. The front of the device is equipped with advanced avionics, and here is equipped cockpit. The middle part of the fighter J-20 intended primarily for weapons. Here are the holders of missiles, bombs and other types of aircraft weapons. The internal arrangement of the main mass of the striking power possible to reduce the visibility of the machine and increase the aerodynamic qualities. Empty weight reaches 17,6 tonnes and take-off weight up to 35 tons, there is currently no accurate data on the maximum weight at takeoff.
The whole process of separation and flight provides powerful propulsion system, which consists of two turbojet engines. The first prototypes were equipped with engines AL-class 31F that supplied to China from Russia. Production models, with full construction will be equipped with engines of the type Xian WS-15, over which designers are working in China. By all accounts, these engines in the afterburner mode, will be able to provide traction in 150 kN. They used to say that the J-20 can rise to a height of 16 kilometers and have a top speed of 2100 km / h, moreover, we talked about the maximum range in 3,4 thousand kilometers. However, due to changes in engine power plant, these parameters may change significantly.
The system chassis has a classic tricycle scheme, during the flight of all the racks are placed in a niche of the fuselage. In all racks installed on one wheel, the nose wheel has a smaller diameter.
As for electronic equipment, its composition and quality have not been disclosed because of the high degree of secrecy. Yet it is known that J-20 has a new control system that has multiple redundant. In addition, the new fighter has the most modern sighting and navigation system.
At the moment, the Chinese have fighter 4 5-generation designation J-20. The latest prototype differs significantly from its predecessors due to the layout and the location of some units. There are also changes in the fuselage, and it is considerably narrowed near the landing gear. It increased the distance between the motor unit. It was subjected to revision and wing landing gear.
Specifications Chengdu J-20
The crew of the fighter: 1 people
Length of aircraft: 20,3 m
Wingspan: 12,88 m
The height of the aircraft: 4,45 m
Maximum takeoff weight: 36300 kg
The weight of fuel on board: 11100 kg
Engine: 2 180 turbojet engine thrust kN with the possibility afterburner
Maximum range of flight: 5500 km
Combat radius: 2000 km
An absolute ceiling: 20000 m
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