Cessna 414. Characteristics. A photo.
Cessna 414 is an American twin-engined light multipurpose aircraft, which began mass production in 1968 year.
Production of the new small-engine aircraft Cessna 414 based on two models - Cessna 401 and Cessna 421, from which the new plane received the fuselage and wings, however, the new aircraft has received a number of additional modifications and improvements, in view of what has been presented as a separate model.
As the power plant on the small-engine airplane Cessna 414 was established two piston 6-cylinder engines Continental TSIO-520-J, allowing to develop capacity in 620 hp, which was enough for transportation 6-8 passengers (depending on the internal complete interior).
The system was a retractable landing gear, so during flight greatly reduces drag, and the plane was more maneuverable and very easy to manage.
Cessna 414A Chancellor
Among other things, the development of small-engine aircraft Cessna 414, American aircraft manufacturers have taken into account the experience of past years, and have made a multi-purpose aircraft. If necessary, all passenger seats in the cabin can be removed, and the aircraft could serve as a cargo transport aircraft, with a carrying capacity in this case exceeded 1.1 t.
In 1974 year, there was a modification - Cessna 414 Turbo Star Pressurized, which was equipped with a new addition to turboshaft engines Allison 250-B17B, more and wing elements such as winglets, which improved aerodynamic performance of the aircraft. However, the aircraft were produced only in the order of a few units, and up to now according to some survived only one plane of the model.
Cessna 414 photo
Model Cessna 414A Chancellor, presented in 1978 year, was to replace the basic production version. The main distinguishing features of the modification is the new shape of the tail of the aircraft, re-engineered chassis, elongated nose of the aircraft, as well as a new power plant of the same capacity, but more practical in terms of operation and maintenance. Among other things, the new model has been equipped with modern avionics, which made it more popular than the previous version - for production from the factory conveyor Cessna airplane descended 554 this model.
In addition, the aircraft manufacturers in the US have developed another version of small-aircraft 414-Series - Cessna 414 Riley Rocket. This model is equipped with two engines Lycoming IO-720 400 in HP each, and among other things, the aircraft cabin has also been redesigned, making it more comfortable passenger transportation, which is very important, especially given the fact that the Cessna 414 can make airfare at a distance of almost 2.5 thousand kilometers.
Specifications Cessna 414.
- Crew: 1-2 person;
- Passenger: 8 people (depending on configuration);
- aircraft Length: 11,09 m (depending on version).
- Wingspan: 13,45 m .;
- Plane Height: 3,5 m .;
- Weight of empty aircraft: 1980 kg. (Depending on version);
- Payload: 1082 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 3062 kg .;
- Cruising speed: 395 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 435 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight distance: 2459 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 9380 m .;
- aircraft engine type: a piston (depending on version);
- Powerplant: 2 x Continental TSIO-520 (depending on version);
- Power: 2 x 310 hp (Depending on version).
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