Cessna 182 Skylane. Characteristics. Modifications. A photo
Cessna 182 Skylane (Heavenly path) is an American single-engine four-seater light aircraft manufactured (with breaks) to 1956 years, to the present. At present, small-engine plane Cessna 182 Skylane is one of the most mass-produced in the world, ranking second among the civilian aircraft.
A photoCessna 182 Skylane
The first flight of the Cessna Skylane 182 1956 held in the year, and after a few months, the aircraft began to actively accustom customers, and, from year to year the number of orders is only continued to increase. At its core, the look and design of Cessna 182 Skylane is very similar to the 180-th modelBut several design innovations, and improved aircraft performance parameters of the aircraft made this aircraft a real legend.
The original model of small-engine aircraft Cessna 182 Skylane was equipped with a piston engine Continental O-470-L, capable of developing power 230 hp, that by the standards of the mid 50-ies of the last century was truly spectacular. The aircraft was able to overcome the distance in more than 1.5 thousand kilometers at a cruising speed of about 250 km \ h. The maximum takeoff weight of the base production model Cessna 182 Skylane was 1157 kg, while, in addition to the four people on board the aircraft, it was possible to equip the aircraft additional weight in 80 kg, or else take on board two children, with a total weight not exceeding the maximum allowable take-off weight .
Photo Cessna 182P Skylane
Nine months after the base model, the American aircraft designers have presented a modification Cessna 182A Skylane, differs in a number of configurations changed inside the cabin and the increased take-off weight of up to 1202 kg.
Between 1958 of 1960 years, aircraft manufacturers have presented three more new models - Cessna 182B Skylane, Cessna 182C Skylane and Cessna 182D Skylane, no different technical innovations from the base model, but with a number of functional improvements (new seats, avionics, the ability to install a float Chassis and so on).
CabinCessna 182 Skylane
Model Cessna 182E Skylane, production of which began in the year 1961 has received additional reinforced fuselage uprights and a maximum loading capacity of the aircraft increased to 1270 kg. Were similar model Cessna 182F Skylane and Cessna 182G Skylane, the hallmark of which is the new avionics and a number of additional options (radio, lights in the cabin, etc.).
Given that the previous models used in aircraft engine Continental O-470-L has been problematic in terms of service, 1964 year, the American aircraft manufacturers have presented a model Cessna 182H Skylane, equipped with a piston engine Continental O-470-R similar capacity - 230 hp
With 1964 on 1966 year, the American aircraft manufacturer unveiled three more models of its aircraft - Cessna 182J Skylane, Cessna 182K Skylane and Cessna 182L Skylane, having a change in the internal design of the cockpit - seats were adapted to a long flight, and the side windows are expanded to increase the FOV both the pilot and passengers.
Cessna 182 Skylane to float chassis
Introduced in 1968, the modification of the Cessna 182M Skylane is an experimental model with formoizmenёnnym wing profile, however, due to the increased price, despite the fact that the improved controllability of the aircraft, the aircraft did not become popular among customers.
Models Cessna 182N Skylane Cessna 182P Skylane and got a hard fuselage and can fly up to a maximum total weight in kilograms 1338, which is suitable for transporting goods on a par with passenger transportation.
Cessna 182Q Skylane got a new engine Continental O-470-U power in 230 hp, but due to a number of technical parameters of the power plant, produced by aircrafts stopped using the proper popular because their service has risen in price seriously.
Model Cessna 182R Skylane received new fuel tanks, resulting in increased maximum distance of following aircraft. Also, now, takeoff weight of the aircraft could be 1406 kg, while for planting this value remains the same - 1338 kg, mainly due to the nature of the chassis.
Small-engine aircraft Cessna 182S Skylane became the first in the current lineup of models with a new aircraft engine mounted Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5, is inexpensive and easy to use compared to the previous. Engine power is not changed, making 239 hp, while its service life was increased by 12%. In addition, the aircraft Cessna 182S Skylane became the first in the program is restarted production of the aircraft after 11-year hiatus, and therefore quite enjoyed great popularity.
Model Cessna 182T Skylane has undergone a number of changes in the cabin, the plane began to be placed more capacious tanks, allowing to overcome the distance in kilometers 1722 at a cruising speed of 269 km \ h and flight height to 5515 meters.
Aircraft Cessna 182R Skylane RG received a new, improved piston engine Lycoming O-540-J3C5D, 235 hp capacity, able to accelerate the aircraft to a top speed of 283 km \ h.
A photoCessna 182 Skylane
Modification Cessna T182 Skylane getting new aviaoniki without changing the flight performance, but because of high prices, were released only about 200 units of the aircraft.
Cessna T182T Skylane aircraft was equipped with a function of the fuel injection, as a result, the speed of flight of the aircraft increased to 280 km \ h, however, the high price did not result in the model to the desired side of aircraft success.
Model Cessna TR182 Turbo Skylane RG had retractable landing gear, making handling and maneuverability of the aircraft greatly increased. At the moment, in terms of the technical plan aviarazrabotchikov, this modification is the best. In addition, improved aerodynamics allowed to reduce aircraft fuel consumption, which increased the maximum flight range of up to 1870 km.
Modern modification Cessna T182JT-A Turbo Skylane JT-A was introduced in 2013 year, and has not only a new diesel aircraft engine SMA SR305-230 227 hp capacity, and could accelerate to 289 km \ h (cruising speed). Currently produced only a few pieces of the aircraft as a negative was the price of components, currently reached 535 thousand dollars.
Cessna 182 Robertson STOL is a modified version of the basic production model, has the ability to take-off and landing on runways small extent.
Total for 48-year period, the US Cessna Aircraft Corporation produced about 23 thousand airplanes of this model, which continue to be popular, like private owners, and schools for the training of pilots.
Specifications Cessna 182 Skylane.
- Crew: 1 people;
- 3 Passenger Rights (allowed additional transportation two children);
- aircraft Length: 8,84 m .;
- Wingspan: 11 m .;
- Plane Height: 2,8 m (depending on version).
- Weight of empty aircraft: 894 kg. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 1406 kg. (Depending on the modification);
- Payload: 517 kg. (Depending on the modification);
- Cruising speed: 269 km \ h. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight speed: 324 km \ h. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight distance: 1722 km. (Depending on the modification);
- Maximum flight height: 5520 m .;
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 (depending on version);
- Power: 230 hp (Depending on version).
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