Cessna 172 Skyhawk. Specifications. A photo
Cessna 172 Skyhawk (Heavenly Hawk) - US small-engine four-seater multi-purpose aircraft, which is one of the most popular current model aircraft manufacturer Cessna.
Photo Cessna 172
Despite the fact that the development of this aircraft took place in the middle of 50-ies of the last century, the production of light-engine aircraft Cessna 172 Skyhawk conducted to this day. Initially, the need for the production of Cessna 172 Skyhawk was incredibly huge, but closer to the middle of 80-ies consumer demand fell sharply, which is why the production of this model was discontinued to 1998 years, after which the issue was resumed. Total for 47-year period of production, the assembly line of the American aircraft company produced more than 43 thousand units of the aircraft, which is why, at the moment the aircraft Cessna 172 Skyhawk is the most massive in the history of world aviation.
In the production of Cessna 172 Skyhawk aircraft manufacturers from the United States decided not to carry out the construction of the aircraft, which is called from the ground, and because, as a base of support was adopted model Cessna 170. Instead of the old engine to Cessna 172 Skyhawk engineers have installed a powerful six-cylinder aircraft engine piston Continental O-300, which has a capacity of 145 hp Basic configuration of the aircraft lasted less than five years, but during this period was made 4195 aircraft, which naturally point to the interest of customers.
Cessna 172 photo
Small-engine aircraft Cessna 172 Skyhawk is distinguished not only for its high reliability, but also very attractive flight performance - the maximum flight speed of the aircraft was 302 km \ h, flight range exceeding 1250 kilometers, giving the aircraft a good chance to compete with existing models of light- planes from other manufacturers.
However, in 1960 year, aircraft manufacturers introduced an upgraded version - Cessna 172A, which had a modified tail, improved management systems, and in addition, a new improved version can land on the water, which, aircraft designers have developed a special attachment to the floating chassis. For all the time it was built 1015 aircraft of this type, however, is an upgraded version of the proper popularity never enjoyed.
Cessna 172 cabin
Cessna 172B was presented by US aircraft manufacturers in 1960 year, but the mass production of this model began in 1961 year. The main features of Cessna 172B steel increased takeoff weight, a modified chassis, the modified profile radome screws and the hood of the aircraft.
With the advent of 1962 year 172S Cessna, the aircraft received a number of improvements. This is mainly attributed the presence of autopilot system, electric starter, improved adjustment of seat passengers and a pilot, but also, in addition to the three passengers on board, the opportunity to carry two children seats which were installed in the luggage compartment.
Model Cessna 172D, appeared in 1963 year, has undergone most of the changes in the exterior design - the back of the cabin came a circular window, the windshield was intact, the pilot has a new steering wheel and pedals. After a few months, the current model has been upgraded - aircraft manufacturers set a new aircraft engine Continental GO-300E, as a consequence, increased capacity of the aircraft, making 175 hp
In 1964 year, the base model Cessna 172 has been improved, which is why the company introduced the Aircraft model Cessna 172E, has an increased maximum vzlёtnym weight, as well as a modified existing control panel.
Photo Cessna 172 with float chassis
Model Cessna 172F, presented in 1964 year, received electrically controlled flaps that facilitate control of the aircraft.
In 1966 year, aircraft manufacturers have improved the handling of the basic model the Cessna 172, in view of which was born the model Cessna 172G, practically does not differ from the original production version.
Small-engine aircraft Cessna 172H virtually received no technical change, however, thanks to a new hood, significantly reduced cabin noise. In addition, the base of the chassis is shorter, thereby reducing aerodynamic drag in flight and several reduced fuel consumption.
In 1968 year, there was once two new models of small-engine aircraft - Cessna 172I and Cessna 172J. Model Cessna 172I has a new piston engine Lycoming O-320, 150 power in horsepower, which provide improved traction and increased speed of flight. Model Cessna 172J never entered into mass production (it was released only 7 aircraft) due to inappropriate replacement fairings with strong growth rates.
Model Cessna 172K had enlarged fuel tanks, allowing to overcome almost 1.5 thousand kilometers, and in addition, engineers have revised the rear fuselage, making a change in it, which increased maneuverability of the aircraft. From a design standpoint, it has been replaced the side windows - they have expanded to provide a more qualitative review.
Aircraft Cessna 172L undergone a number of changes to the chassis, which, instead of spring steel tube, which in turn facilitated the empty weight of the aircraft, and due to the increased width of the clearance, the pilot made it easier to approach.
Model Cessna 172M was equipped with all the necessary electronics (radio, lighting, transponder, etc.), and in essence, the model is purely marketing, however, despite this, the aircraft continues to attract buyers, but no longer in a large quantities as before.
Cessna 172P photo
Cessna 172N was equipped with a new aircraft engine Lycoming O-320-H2AD, developing capacity in 160 hp, and besides, now, thanks to the increased capacity of fuel tanks, fuel on board the aircraft was 250 liters.
Model Cessna 172O, which was to appear in 1980 year, mass production has not arrived due to some technical problems made during the design, which is why the project has been closed and is minimized.
Modification Cessna 172RG Cutlass received engine Lycoming O-360-F1A6 capacity 180 hp, with this aircraft was able to increase the cruising speed of the aircraft to 260 km \ h. However, this model is not widely spread, which is why the issue was discontinued during 3 years.
Photo Cessna 172Electric-powered
Cessna 172P is nothing else but an upgraded model Cessna 172N, whose view of the installation of the new engine began to appear enormously many problems with maintenance. The engine had to be replaced by the Lycoming O-320-D2J similar capacity, however, with this aircraft builder suggested using even more capacious tanks, allowing the aircraft to cover the distance in kilometers 1570. In addition, the angle of rotation of the flap fell to 30 degrees and maximum takeoff weight of the aircraft began to be compiled 1089 kg.
Model Cessna 172Q Cutlass received a powerful piston engine Lycoming O-360-A4N, issuing 180 hp, which increased the maximum take-off weight and a cruising speed of flight to 226 km \ h. In general, the model was similar Cessna 172P.
Cessna 172R is the first representative after the beginning of the resumption of the issue of these aircraft. Aircraft returned to the engine capacity of 160 hp, but replaced the model itself more efficient and expedient to use - Lycoming IO-360-L2A. Maximum takeoff weight of the aircraft is 1111 kg.
Photo Cessna 172S
In 1998 year, the developers of the American aircraft manufacturer presented a model Cessna 172S, has a powerful engine in 180 horsepower, improved handling, increased the maximum take-off weight and modern avionics.
Among other things, the basic model Cessna 172 there were also two special versions: Cessna FR172J Reims Rocket, having an engine capacity in 210 hp and accelerate to cruising speed in 243 km \ h, as well as Cessna 172 Turbo Skyhawk JT-A, having a diesel aircraft engine with a capacity of 155 hp Both models are available only in a few versions in agreement with the future owner.
In addition, in the middle of 2010 years, was a model Cessna 172 Electric-powered, has an electric motor. Currently, the model ready for production, and is expected to release its start in 2017 year.
Specifications Cessna 172.
- Crew: 1 people;
- Passenger capacity: 3 (depending on the model may be additional transportation 2 children);
- aircraft Length: 8,28 m .;
- Wingspan: 11 m .;
- Plane Height: 2,7 m (depending on version).
- Weight of empty aircraft: 767 kg. (Depending on version);
- Maximum takeoff weight: 1111 kg. (Depending on version);
- Payload: 344 kg. (Depending on version);
- Cruising speed: 226 km \ h. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight speed: 302 km \ h.(Depending on version);
- Maximum flight distance: 1289 km. (Depending on version);
- Maximum flight height: 4100 m. (Depending on version);
- aircraft engine type: a piston;
- Powerplant: Lycoming IO-360-L2A (Depending on version);
- Power: 160 hp(Depending on version).
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