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Boeing 727
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Boeing 727. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

Boeing 727. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

 

Boeing 727, it trimotored narrow-body passenger aircraft, destined for the airlines short- and medium-range missiles. This plane was designed by the company «Boeing Commercial Airplanes», primarily for use on domestic US flights. Versatility, reliability and the ability to use a relatively short runways at smaller airports, Boeing 727 made one of the most popular and successful medium-haul aircraft in the world.

Work on the draft medium-haul aircraft, the company «Boeing», began in 1956 year. The project received the designation Model 727. In 1959 was approved the final design and construction of aircraft.

Boeing 727 photo

Boeing 727 photo

Boeing 727, received the form of a monoplane with a low-spread wing-shaped wing, three turbojet engines located in the tail of the fuselage and a "T" -shaped tail unit also having an arrow-shaped shape. Since the aircraft was supposed to be used on not large airstrips, then it was applied advanced mechanization of the wing with tri-slit Kruger flaps. Such a design allows the aircraft to remain stable at low flight speeds, for example during a landing approach. Passenger cabin airliner was able to place in two classes 131 passenger seat. Initially, the powerplant was powered by three Pratt & Whitney engines JT8D-1 each propelled by 59,9 kN. But then engines Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7 with thrust on 62,3 kN were used.

Boeing 727 also became the first aircraft company «Boeing» installed auxiliary power unit (APU). On Boeing 727 it was applied Avionics and production companies «Honeywell» and «Rockwell Collins» with electromechanical dashboard.

 

Boeing 727 photo salon

Boeing 727 2323

 

The first modification of the aircraft received the designation Boeing 727-100. A test version of the plane rose into the air in February 9 1963 years. In December of the same year it was received US FAA Certificate of Airworthiness. 9 February first production commercial airplane Boeing 727-100 entered the airline «Eastern Airlines».

In addition to the passenger version produced freighters - Boeing 727-100F and Boeing 727-100C, as well as the convertible version of the Utility Boeing 727-100QC (Quick Change).

Development of Boeing 727-100 1965 in August led to the creation, the elongated version of the aircraft, received the name Boeing 727-200. The length of the aircraft increased to 46,69 meters. Number of seats in the two-class configuration, increased to 145 passenger seats. In this version it has been installed engines Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9 64 with traction kN.

The first flight of Boeing 727-200 held July 27 1967 years. A December 14 1967 this aircraft was committed first commercial flight. As well as the model Boeing 727-100 from Boeing 727-200 available cargo and convertible version - Boeing 727-200F and Boeing 727-200QC respectively.

Based on Boeing 727-200 was produced version of Boeing 727-200 Advanced, which has increased to 4000 km flight range. In this version of the installed engines Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17R with traction 77 kN.

 

Boeing 727 interior scheme

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Production of the aircraft version of the Boeing 727-100 1973 was discontinued in the year.

Release of the other models continued until 1984 years. Total for the entire period of production units were built 1832 aircraft Boeing 727.

Today, they are in operation around 200 aircraft Boeing 727. The remaining aircraft are used primarily in the freight market.

 

Technical characteristics of the aircraft Boeing 727-100

 

  • The first flight of Boeing 727-100: 9 February 1963 year
  • Years of production Boeing 727-100: c 1963 1973 year on year
  • Length: 40,59 m.
  • Height: 10,36 m.
  • Wingspan: 32,92 m.
  • Empty weight: 36560 kg.
  • Wing area: 157,90 sq.m.
  • Cruising speed: 960 km / h..
  • Maximum speed: 995 km / h..
  • Economical cruising speed: 917 km. / H.
  • Ceiling: 11500 m.
  • Range with full load: 4300 km.
  • Engines: 3 turbojets Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7 (62,3 kN)
  • Length of takeoff: 1770 m.
  • path length: 1465 m.
  • Crew: 2-3 person
  • Number of seats: 131 seats in two classes.

 

Technical characteristics of the aircraft Boeing 727-200

 

  • The first flight of Boeing 727-200: 27 1967 year in July
  • Years of production Boeing 727-200: c 1967 1984 year on year
  • Length: 46,69 m.
  • Height: 10,36 m.
  • Wingspan: 32,92 m.
  • Empty weight: 44600 kg.
  • Wing area: 157,90 sq.m.
  • Cruising speed: 960 km / h..
  • Maximum speed: 995 km / h..
  • Economical cruising speed: 917 km. / H.
  • Ceiling: 13000 m.
  • Range with full load: 3100 km.
  • Engines: 3 turbojets Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9 (64 kN)
  • Length of takeoff: 1770 m.
  • path length: 1575 m.
  • Crew: 2-3 person
  • Number of seats: 145 seats in two classes.

 

Boeing 727 video

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