BAe ATP (BAe ATP)
Turboprop aircraft BAe. ATP (Advanced Turboprop), developed by the British «British Aerospace» Corporation, based turboprop airliner BAe.748, and for regional and local in routing short and medium range. Aircraft BAe. The ATP, was designed to replace BAe.748, and to create competition Franco-italayanskim aircraft ATR-42-72 and the ATR regional turboprop market airliners.
Work on the project of the new aircraft was launched by «British Aerospace», in March 1984 years. Due to the fact that the basis was taken airliner BAe.748, for this reason the new BAe. The ATP, has the same concept as its predecessor. Namely, the plane has a shape with a low-monoplane, with a small right-wing sweep, and mounted with it two, turboprop engines. In the new model, there is also a noticeable external differences - it is a lengthened fuselage, increased to 26 meters, arrow shaped keel, as well as new engines with six-bladed propellers.
As the motors on the airliner were installed capacity of turboprop engines PW126A 2653 hp production «Pratt & Whitney Canada» and six screws lopostnye production «Hamilton Standard», having low noise. The aircraft retractable landing gear manufacturing «Dowty Group» British firm. Each of the three has a two-wheeled landing gear design. Main landing gear retracted in a niche located under the wings of engine nacelles.
The cabin in the standard arrangement of chairs, can accommodate up to 64 passengers. In more dense seating layouts, could accommodate up to 72 seats.
His first flight of the aircraft BAe. ATP made in August 6 1986 years.
During the tests, the aircraft demonstrated good takeoff and landing performance, and relatively low noise level.
In March 1988, the airplane received the European certificate of fitness for flight. After that, the new aircraft began to arrive at the airline. The first customer of BAe. ATP, was the British airline «British Midland International». From May 1988 year, BAe aircraft. ATP, start exercising regularly scheduled commercial flights. In August 1988 has been issued and the American flight certificate.
The aircraft was delivered not only by the British carriers, but also exported to the US, Europe and Africa. But due to the highly competitive Canadian aircraft Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8) and the Franco-Italian ATR-42 / 72, British airliner BAe. ATP, was not able to take enough air niche market and has not received a great demand. In 1996 the production of aircraft BAe. ATP has been suspended.
Since 2001 years of the BAe passenger aircraft. ATP was converted into cargo versions. The first six BAe cargo aircraft. ATP, were delivered to Sweden. These machines are equipped with an extra cargo door and were designated BAe. ATPF. July 10 2002 years, the first cargo flight BAe aircraft. ATPF.
Over the entire period of production from the 1988 1996 year on year, produced 64 unit BAe aircraft. ATP. In 2013 year of operation is no longer 40 machines of this type. The main niche, remaining in operation BAe aircraft. ATP, is the air freight at regional and local directions.
Specifications BAe aircraft. ATR:
The first flight of the prototype BAe. ATR: 6 1986 years in August
Production Years: c 1988 1996 year on year
Length: 26,01 m.
Height: 7,59 m.
Empty weight: 14195 kg.
Wing area: 78,30 sq.m.
Wingspan: 30,63 m.
Cruising speed: 490 km / h..
Maximum speed: 570 km / h..
Ceiling: 12000 m.
The practical range with the maximum load: 1820 km.
Length of takeoff: 1350 m
path length: 1120 m
Engines: 2 turboprop Pratt & Whitney Canada PW126A
Crew: 2 people
Number of passengers: up to 72 places
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