BAe 146 (BAE 146)
Turbojet aircraft BAe.146, developed by the British aerospace company «British Aerospace», with headquarters located in the English town of Farnborough. This mid-size aircraft designed primarily for air passenger transportation on short-haul destinations.
Work on the project of the new jet aircraft began in late 60-ies, the British Aircraft and industrial company «Hawker Siddeley Group Limited» to replace its previous turboprop passenger aircraft, Hawker Siddeley HS-748. In 1973 airplane project, it was presented, designated HS146. According to the draft plane was shaped like a monoplane with high wing sweep the middle, on the pylons under which, four engines were stationed. The tail unit of the aircraft has a "T" -shaped structure. Due to the fact that the aircraft would be used on smaller airfields located in the city, then on the draft plane was supposed to have a short take-off and landing, as well as have a low noise level.
But with the beginning of the oil crisis, in the year 1973, to create HS146 aircraft project was stopped. It was only in July 1978 years, under the leadership of the company «British Aerospace», working on a new passenger aircraft continued. Since then, the aircraft started a project referred to as BAe.146.
The aircraft started to be developed in two variants. The first option is the base model and was designated as VAe.146-100. And the second, extended version - VAe.146-200. Four engines were installed on the aircraft, American-made, Textron Lycoming ALF 502R-5, 31,0 each thrust of kN.
model Length VAe.146-100, 26,19 was meters and accommodates 82 passenger seats arranged in five seats in the same row or 94 seats arranged six chairs in a row. Version VAe.146-200, 85 allocates seats for five in a row of chairs or seats 100 six chairs in a row. The length of this model is 28,55 meters.
For the first time VAe.146-100 plane flew 3 September 1981 years. An elongated version of VAe.146-200, made its first flight in August 1 1982 years.
In May 1983 VAe.146 the aircraft was certified in the UK and was admitted to commercial operations and use by airlines.
In the future, based on the basic models VAe.146-100-146 and VAe.200 were established freight options VAe.146-100QT and VAe.146-200QT (Quiet Trader). A distinctive feature is the presence of the left side, just behind the wing, cargo door.
These modifications of freight converted from passenger versions, the American company «Hayes International»
1 May 1987 years 146-VAe.300 plane rose into the air. This was extended to 2,44 meter version of the aircraft VAe.146-200. Modification VAe.146-300, 100 able to accommodate up to five passengers in seats in the row or until 123 passengers with six chairs in a row. First VAe.146-300, was made by the airline in December 1988 years. As with previous aircraft version VAe.146-300, and has a cargo modification - VAe.146-300QT. Aircraft VAe.146-100, 146-VAe.200 and VAe.146-300, were equipped with electromechanical avionics.
Serial production VAe.146 family aircraft continued to 1993 years. In total, for the whole period of serial production of aircraft units built 221.
Since 1993 VAe.146 the aircraft has undergone structural modernization.
Improvements were mainly related to avionics, airborne equipment and installation of new engines. Upgraded version of the mid-size aircraft data produced under the brand name Avro RJ.
Technical characteristics of the aircraft BAe.146-300:
The first flight of the basic version BAe.146: 3 September 1981 years
Production Years: c 1978 1993 year on year
Length: 30,99 m.
Height: 8,59 m.
Empty weight: 24800 kg.
Wing area: 77,30 sq.m.
Wingspan: 26,34 m.
Cruising speed: 750 km / h..
Maximum speed: 860 km / h..
Ceiling: 9450 m.
Practical range: 2180 km.
Engines: 2 turbofan ALF 502R-5
Crew: 2-3 people
Number of seats: 100 places
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