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Avro Lancaster. Photo. Characteristics.
Avro Lancaster. Photo. Characteristics.

Avro Lancaster. Photo. Characteristics.


United Kingdom

A type: chetyrehdvigatelny heavy bomber

Crew: seven people

Excellent heavy bomber of AVRo was speaking literary language, "phoenix rise from the ashes" adversity airplane program "Manchester» (Manchester) 1040-1941 years. Last machine was equipped with two engines, "Valchev» (Vulture) of "Rolls Royce" and different layout almost identical to the aircraft Lancaster, but she began to suffer from the low reliability of the engine.

Company AVRo, however, understood that the design of its airframe is basically correct, so the company turned to the engines, "Rolls-Royce" and formally requested proven powerplants "Merlin» (Merlin). The plane "Manchester" is also chronically lacking engine power, so the company's chief designer Roy Chadwick AVRo (Roy Chadwick) thought that his replacement aircraft "Lancaster" four engines "Merlin» X under the wing will not suffer such diseases.

The prototype (converted airframe "Manchester") first flew in January 9 1941 years, and soon in the process of intensive flight tests revealed its potential. In the middle of the year the company 1941 AVRo was quickly placed an order for 1070 bombers, and the first production aircraft began to appear in October of the same year. The squadron number 44 the first operation performed on this type of aircraft in March 1942 years 58 and parts Command bombers were fighting aircraft "Lancaster", performing 56 thousand. sorties and dropping 60 8612 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary bombs 51 million.

At six plants, translated into the production of aircraft "Lancaster", it was released about 7377 glider aircraft. This number includes five different versions. After the war and the end of 1950-ies number of bombers preserved as maritime patrol, transport and testing aircraft. Today, some flying specimens maintained in Canada and the UK.

Basic data


  • Length: 21,18 m
  • Wingspan: 31,09 m
  • Height: 6,1 m


Range of flight: 4072 km

Power point: four engine "Merlin» 24 of "Rolls-Royce"

Power: 5120 l. from. (3849,6 kW)

Aircraft performance characteristics:

Maximum speed: 462 km / h

The weight:

  • BLANK: 16 738 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 31 751 kg


Date of first flight:

  • January 9 1941 years


The surviving airworthy modifications:

  • The I and B 10MR



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