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Carriers Russia. Are they needed?

Carriers Russia. Are they needed?

 

The question posed in the title is very, very controversial. Many copies of broken in defense as the need to create their own full-fledged Russian aircraft carrier, as approved in their complete uselessness. Now, in general, there was a theme of the appropriateness of the content of a single Russian heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser TAVKR "Admiral Kuznetsov"!

An aircraft carrier, anyone, never acts alone. For the normal combat functioning of such a large and weakly protected ship, you need an entire operational combination of ships of different classes. As a rule, an airborne strike grouping includes an operational combination of air defense ships, an antisubmarine defense compound, and anti-ship defense. In addition, AAG includes all kinds of auxiliary ships. Here and transport security, and refuellers. In general, providing a simple exit of the AUG to the operational space, for solving any problems, very, very expensive pleasure.

When a change of political leadership in the country, as a rule, change and military-political doctrine. Changing the view of the priorities in the development of one or another component of the armed forces. Often, this occurs at the expense of, the rest of the combat arms. Because of our recent history, we remember well what such "priorities" can lead.

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Everyone knows Stalin's love of aviation. And Khrushchev's disdain for her, who believed that the missile technology would solve all the problems. Few, who knows the facts from a closer time. When the rate was put on VTOL aircraft Yak-38, which were supposed to solve the whole range of tasks inherent in naval aviation. From what it followed that "normal, full-length" aircraft carriers we do not need. The weak knowledge of the country's leadership of military equipment was also affected here. The behind-the-scenes intrigues and games of powerful design bureaucrats, pulling the "blanket" of orders of the Ministry of Defense for themselves, have turned up. In Soviet times everything that concerned the military-industrial complex was provided with huge financial injections. So why, it turned out, so that Russia, a powerful country, entered the 21 century without its own aircraft carriers?

 

"The aircraft carrier is a feather policy"

 

This phrase, which is attributed to Bill Clinton, reflects very well the essence of US foreign policy. Being simultaneously in all parts of the world, is actively interfering in the policy of different regions, called "zone of interests of the United States." And the US Navy, cruising on oceans, actively introduce and support the idea of ​​"freedom and democracy American-style"

AUG - carrier strike groups. The main component of the US Navy. Currently 11 AUG are on duty in different parts of the world. The idea of ​​such groups has arisen in the initial period of the Second World War.

The Soviet Union, with a huge length of land borders, needed primarily to protect them. And 4 Fleet of the USSR were mainly subordinated to the task of protecting our borders. And carriers are simply not needed. With its coastal airfields could always raise the required number of aircraft.

However, even before the war in the program of construction of a modern ocean-going fleet envisaged laying of the two aircraft carriers for the PF and SF. And even found it possible to begin designing 43 year in Leningrad CDB-17.

But .... Only through merit Navy Commander Kuznetsova, the construction of aircraft carriers included in the plan of two five-year, in the autumn of 1946 Almost 10 years (!) Began to design. In 1960 year concluded that unpromising naval aviation, and all the works were stopped. As a result, the fleet to 69 has received two helicopter "Leningrad" and "Moscow". Which, in turn, in the year 92, successfully melted in the Indian steel furnaces.

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Key devices in modern aircraft carrier - steam ejection device. All US aircraft carriers have a flat deck and steam catapult 4.

Ustinov, who was in charge at the end of 60h for the defense industry, believed that there is this "defense industry" will not be able to produce high-tech products such as steam catapult.

And thanks to the Yakovlev Design Bureau, which showed wonderful Yak-36 vertical takeoff and landing (prototype Yak-38), leaders of the country were infected with the idea of ​​creating aircraft carriers. And in the end there was a project's 60h 1143 «Merlin" aircraft carrier with a displacement of 40 thousand tons The sad fate of the first three cruisers of the project. "Kiev", "Minsk" and "Novorossiysk", after 15 years of service sold to China and South Korea.

Later, the Russian "know-how". Aircraft carrier with the starting ramp. There was a second type of an aircraft carrier in the world classification.

TAVKR "Admiral Kuznetsov" - the only thing we have left on the might of the Soviet Union. Second TAVKR, "Varyag" built on 80% on the stocks of Nikolaev (Ukraine), in 2000 was bought by China to create a "theme park". It was later built and equipped additionally at Chinese shipyards from our own, domestic details. Now he is a part of the Chinese Navy, and is not called "Varyag" and "Liaoning".

There was another project that takes us to the world technical level American shipbuilders. Project 11437 «Eagle". Heavy nuclear aircraft carrier "Ulyanovsk". Displacement 75 thousand tons Able to carry up to 70 Su-27K, Su-25, 141-Yak, Mig-29K. Two catapults and trampoline and arresters. By the end of the year 91 was made one-third of the body. There was a cut on the stocks, and, together with the metal of the second housing project, I went to the smelter.

At the cost of enormous effort and cost, heavy aircraft carrier "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Nikolai Kuznetsov", "Imperial Remnant" has been renovated to a more or less "floating" status, and placed into the North Atlantic. His brother "Admiral Gorshkov", now called "Vikramaditya", and part of the Indian Navy.

MiG-29K never went into production. The pilots of carrier-based aircraft, today less than the astronauts. Educational complex threads, for training pilots, only now returned to us, together with the Crimea.

The only two places in the country where the ability to bookmark carriers, is JSC "Baltic Plant" in St. Petersburg, and "North Machine-Building Plant" in Severodvinsk (there now and modernized "Vikramaditya"). Slipway allow these plants to lay the vessels of up to 55 thousand tons

Attack aircraft carriers the United States are capable of carrying a full-fledged aviation assault force, which has fighters, ground attack, electronic warfare aircraft and AWACS, reconnaissance. Search and rescue and transport helicopter group, which includes the division of the struggle in the Premier League. Steam catapults are able to "shoot" and planes with low thrust-weight ratio.

For the protection of our maritime borders to protect the interests of our zone, the coastal trail, and it 200 miles, or 370 km., Requires mobile offshore groups, including aircraft carriers and escort ships and submarines, and support vessels. Aircraft operating from coastal airfields, naval connections can cover only 200-250km. max. Ships, submarines, outside this distance actually left without air cover.

Not having a fleet of aircraft carriers, it is the coastal fleet, under the cover of shore-based aircraft.

                      

Carriers that are part of the world:

 

1. Attack aircraft carriers, as they are called strategic (deadweight tonnes 50-100)

  • 10sht. All nuclear power plant, the United States Navy.

 

2. Multipurpose (mean, vodoizm. 30-50 thousand tons)

  • "Charles de Gaulle" in France.

  • "Liaoning" China.

  • "Admiral Kuznetsov" Russia.

  • "Sao Paulo" in Brazil.

  • "Vakramaditya" India.

3. Light aircraft carriers with a displacement of 10-25 thousand tons having on board only VTOL aircraft are: England, Spain, India, Italy, Thailand.

 

Valery Smirnov specifically forAvia.pro

Comments

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The USSR, having a huge length of land borders, needed first of all in their defense ...
Does the need to protect the borders somehow depend on whether they are on land or not? And what does "turn" mean in protecting the border? In addition, Russia's land borders are two times LESS than marine, in general ...
Neither further, in the whole article - the author's complete speculation and about the catapults, and about the appointment of aircraft-carrying ships and their aircraft in the USSR, and about "illiterate leadership", and about NITKU, etc. etc. (Only on the life history of aircraft carriers and was in essence). The reasoning of the dilettante with a claim to the instruction of the General Staff about what exactly is "required to protect maritime borders." For information of the author, the designation of Russian aircraft carriers is not at all protection of the "borders", but only protection of the RPKSN in the ZRBD. Hence - and the number of aircraft carrying cruisers, and the composition of the air wing, and the fuel reserve, and the type of launching of aircraft (steam catapult corny freezes), etc. Thoroughly you need to delve into the question!

... As a rule, an airborne strike grouping includes an operational combination of air defense ships, an antisubmarine defense compound, and an anti-ship defense ...
The tasks of air defense and PKO are solved first of all by aircraft of the aircraft carrier itself. PLO can effectively provide only aircraft carrier and support aircraft. The remaining surface ships are just "up to the pile" (and for apl and nuclear aircraft carriers - and the tanker is not needed: auxiliary vessels - for escort destroyers) - for "demonstrating the flag" (intimidation).

Jump is the English know-how. They offered him Amer, they were delighted, but did not alter the ships and the issue nizkoenergovooruzhennyh ups. AWACS and tankers, and so on. And we jump slyamzili. Author: Read about ibly 1970-80-HGG.

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