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Airline Idzhipteyr

EgyptAir Airlines (Idzhipteyr). Official site.

 

EgyptAir (IATA: MS, ICAO: MSR) (Arab. مصر للطيران, Arab. Miṣr lil-Ṭayyārān) - Aviation Company, Star Alliance member, the flagship carrier of Egypt. The main hub of the aviation company - Cairo International Airport. Aviation company fully owned by the Egyptian government, operates scheduled cargo and passenger services to more 70 airports in Africa, Europe, the Far and Middle East, Canada and the USA, as well as actively present in the domestic air transport market.

EgyptAir is the second largest aviation company in Africa. Aviation Company entered July 11 2008, in the Star Alliance, becoming the first member of the alliance from the Middle East.

Logo Aviation Company - the image of Horus, the sky god in Egyptian mythology, who is portrayed usually in the form of a man with a falcon's head or of the falcon. In addition, the choir in mythology is a winged sun god.

 

History

Create aviation company

EgyptAir established 7 May 1932 years, commercial operations began to be produced in August 1933 year Spartan Cruiser on the route Alexandria-Cairo. The plane is only four people could carry, including two pilots. Flights were made in cooperation with Airwork Company, which was called at the time the company Misr Airwork.aviatsionnoy

EgyptAir photo

EgyptAir is the second largest airline company in the African continent (behind only South African Airways) and the second largest Arab aviation company (after Saudi Arabian Airlines). Yet, the Egyptian national carrier in the historical sense had no competitors; Starting from the creation in 1932, it was the oldest airline company that serves Africa and the Arab world. Despite the fact that in Africa in 1930-e appeared new aviation company, until the middle of 1940-x, none of them developed later. In addition, before the economic growth of Saudi Arabia due to the growth and development of oil fields, the only Arab aviation company that could compete with EgyptAir in size was the Lebanese Middle East Airline. The air company's route network covers the Middle East, Europe, Africa, the Far East, India, Australia and North America.

The early creation of EgyptAir is linked to the position Egypt played in the development of the British Empire's air routes. A few months after the end of World War I, the Royal Air Force (RAF) began to open air routes south of Cairo to Cape Town and east to Baghdad from Cairo. RAF aircraft from the middle of the 1920-ies carried out flights in both directions. The British Parliament in 1925 agreed that the newly created Imperial Airways would gradually accept these routes from the military. Imperial Airways as a result began to make regular flights from Egypt to Iraq in 1927 year, and then extended this route in 1929 year to India. Flights to the British East Africa from Egypt began in 1931 year. Both regular flights are combined in Egypt with Imperial Airways with its flights from and to the UK.

EgyptAir airways

Egypt became a major transportation 1931 shop of the British Empire. At that time, the famous Egyptian economist Talaat Harb predicted that Egypt's role as a transport center is expected to increase, helped by two events: the extension of the flight Imperial Airways in 1932 year from Cairo to Cape Town and movement routes in India with sophisticated politically the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf to more safe southern coast of the Gulf.

Both events took place in the year 1932, while Talaat Harb met with a British partner in Airwork, while the well-known aviation company with aviation interests and ambitions to develop regular air flights, in collaboration with Imperial Airways. This caused the creation of Misr Airwork in 1932 year in which Bank of Egypt in Cairo received the 85 percent invested 20 000 Egyptian pounds, while Airwork turned 10%, Taalat Harb and his Egyptian counterpart - 5%.

The first step of the new company - the creation of flying school in the fast-diamond airport in Heliopolis, a suburb of Cairo. Airwork took at that time participated in the pilot training programs in the UK and Talaat Harb has supported the development of such programs in Egypt. It was purchased a small fleet of aircraft De Havilland Gypsy Moth, which provides the basis of development of the aviation industry in Egypt. Airwork summer 1933, organized import Spartan Cruiser into a temporary lease of aircraft fleet of the parent company.

This aircraft in August 1933 year was to carry out daily scheduled flights from Cairo in the western port of Mersa Matruh through Alexandria. High demand for aircraft flying in the first month has led to an increase in the frequency of flights between Alexandria and Cairo. In December 1933 years, since the beginning of the winter tourist season a new route was opened from Cairo to Aswan through the Nile Valley Luxor and Assiut twice a week.

Misr Airwork the following year began to produce international flights to Haifa and Lydda in Palestine. There has been further developed in 1936 year with the opening of a new flight to Baghdad and to Cyprus. In the aviation company at the time it was a fleet of its own production of the aircraft De Havilland, flagship of the fleet - 14-seater DH86 Express, which was 4 instance. At this time, the development of tourism in Palestine and Egypt, partly because of the agency Thomas Cook launches new flights Imperial Airways.

 

After the Second World War

When the Second World War began, the property and management of the aviation company passed to the government of Egypt, after that the route network of the airline company was saved, but the frequency of flights significantly increased, and the airline company received a new name - Misr Airlines. Egyptian airlines after the war, still under the control of the government, returned to civilian flights, the priority task then was the resumption of the pilot training program, for this began to apply 10 aircraft produced by Beechcraft, purchased from the United States. The pre-war network at the beginning of the 1948 year was completely restored, and it became obvious that large planes were needed to compete successfully with DC-3, which quickly occupied a significant share of the region's transportation.

EgyptAir crew

Regular flights resumed in 1949, when the aircraft company purchased ten Vickers VC.1 Viking aircraft. These twin-engine 28-local aircraft made it possible to rapidly increase the route network, which doubled between 1949 and 1952, the number of employees of the aviation company reached 1000 people. The aviation company at that time changed its name to Misrair. Misrair continued to work closely with the old partner Airwork (who bought the Vickers VC.1 Viking fleet and who provided technical support). Airwork continued to carry out active activities in the region, creating Sudan Airways in 1946. Airwork soon afterwards launched its own "colonial canoe", organizing flights to Central and Eastern Africa, using its own fleet Vickers VC.1 Viking, with interim landings in Khartoum and Cairo.

 

After the July Revolution of 1952 years

July 1952 was a turning point for both the aviation company and the whole country - at that time a successful military coup was carried out, which resulted in the overthrow of King Farouk I, and in 1953 the country became a republic, at first its president was Mohammed Nagib, and in 1956 year - Nasser Gamal Abdel. The work of the aviation company under Nagib was marked by stagnation. The new routes were closed shortly after their introduction. An attempt was made to put into operation new types of aircraft, but it also became unsuccessful. With the advent of Nasser to power, the authorities' interest in the national aviation company has largely increased.

The first step - commissioned Vickers Viscount fleet in 1956, the British-built. In 1958, after it had acquired aircraft DC-3, which made it possible to replace equipment, which is operated on domestic flights in Egypt. The last step of the program of renovation of the fleet - the acquisition of the aircraft De Havilland Comet in 1960 year for long-haul flights. Viscount acquisition for Misrair opened up the possibility to open flights to London, this trend will soon become a key for the aviation company. Getting Comet jets on the other hand made it possible to open flights to Bombay year 1961 and 1962 in Tokyo.

Company in 1962 year began to pursue financial difficulties. Misrair was finishing up this year with a profit, even in a difficult period in the middle of 1950-x, and only a year of revolution, 1952 years, was unprofitable. The company 1962 experienced large decline in revenues. The reason for that - reducing the profitability of the Bombay flight, increase competition for flights to Tokyo, as well as complex technical Comet operation in comparison with the Douglas DC-8 and Boeing 707, which came out at the time on long-haul routes.

EgyptAir crew 2

A more fundamental problem - the political situation that emerged after the decision to merge the year 1958 aviation companies of Syria, Egypt and Iraq into one aviation company called United Arab Airlines, which would become the flagship carrier of the newly created United Arab Republic (UAR). Syria joined in 1958 year to Egypt, but was released in 1961 of the SAR; Iraq never became its member.

Despite the fact that the Egyptian government formalized the reorganization of the airline company and renamed Misrair to United Arab Airlines at the beginning of 1960, the Syrian government did not immediately agree on this merger plan with Syrian Airways, the main problem was the resistance of private shareholders of Syrian Airways to agree on the terms of the merger. Nevertheless, during the negotiations on the unification, a flight between Aleppo and Cairo opened, on which low ticket prices were established, which contributed to the development of passenger traffic between the two countries. The flights of the Syrian and Egyptian partners since the beginning of the 1961 year were merged under the name of a new aviation company. But this agreement did not last until the end of the year, Syria withdrew from the union in October and created a new state-owned air company Syrian Arab Airline, which restored the fast route network created by its private predecessor.

While the Syrian Arab began to carry out modernization and development program (her first trip to Europe was made in the year 1963), UAA (both called while Misrair) experienced a deep crisis. The unstable political situation and the change of the name, with which he was associated, aroused great marketing problems. Another problem - the dubious status of flight safety, since 1961-62 years 14 months for crash with fatalities poizoshlo four aircraft aviation companies - two DC-3 and two Comet 4.

An important factor in reducing tourism in Egypt - cooperation with the Soviet Union and the adoption of the Egyptian government in the course of building socialism. Difficulties in obtaining loans have caused that the Boeing aircraft 707, who ordered more in 1961 year, have not been received. There were considerable difficulties in obtaining freely convertible currency and ensuring spare parts Viscount fleet and Comet. In addition, the uncontrolled increase in staff resulted in a major organizational problem.

The position of the company was strongly influenced by the Six-Day War in 1967. Despite the fact that Egypt in the military sense was defeated, and the country began a difficult economic period, this event ultimately allowed the national carrier of Egypt to regain its own positions. After the war, the inhabitants of the Arab countries considered it their duty to support Egypt. A number of Arab governments recommended that even their citizens go to Egypt to rest. As a result, the number of tourists to Egypt exceeded in 1970 the record pre-war indicator of 1966 year. Arab funds also assisted in the acquisition of the first Boeing 707 aircraft in 1968, which provided an opportunity to resume flights to Tokyo and increase the quality of service.

EgyptAir flight attendant

A new political situation caused the emergence of a merger project of an aviation company with aviation companies of two African neighbors Sudan, Egypt, and Libya. As a result, a new air company was created under the old name United Arab Airlines, which included, in addition to the national carrier of Egypt, Sudan Airways and Libyan Arab Airline. Despite the political contradictions that ultimately destroyed this model, the new UAA had a much better economic footing than its predecessor. All three aviation companies could use their own fleets of Boeing 707 together and benefit from joint use. The route networks of the three aviation companies overlapped and from the joint work of ground services and the rational use of fleets was an obvious benefit. Compared to most European carriers, each of the three aviation companies had a lower frequency of flights, usually on one route two or three flights a week. In addition, the merger made it possible to demand better conditions when drafting agreements on flights to other states. This development path helped Egypt count on the fact that Cairo will be in the Middle East the maintenance center of Boeing 707.

The project of the joint aviation company to the 1970 year was well implemented; The next stage is the reorganization of the services of foreign representative offices of aviation companies. It was assumed that service flights of air companies to Asian and European countries will be performed mainly from Cairo, the North African destinations to Tripoli, and all other African destinations in Khartoum. But in 1970, the political situation in Egypt changed again: Anwar Sadat came to power in the country. This event caused a change in political relations in the region, the allocation of the national aviation company in 1971 under the name under which it currently exists, EgyptAir. Even more significant consequences were from the outcome of the Yom Kippur War in October 1973, the disruption in 1974 of Egypt's relations with the USSR and the restoration of close relations between the United States and Egypt.

EgyptAir plane

As a result of such a drastic change in the political course, which provoked the rejection of confrontation with Israel and the signing of the Camp David agreements, Egypt boycotted the richest Gulf countries, which directly influenced the work of the aviation company. The passenger turnover of the aviation company was slowly growing, the early models of Boeing 737 and Boeing 707 became the backbone of the company's fleet. At the same time, such aviation companies as IranAir and Saudia had great respect in the Arab world, and, on the other hand, better equipped technically competing aviation companies such as Gulf Air began to appear.

 

After years 1981

The coming to power after the assassination of Hosni Mubarak Sadat led to the orientation in 1981, the country's market economy and the flow of investment from abroad. Hosni Mubarak (a former military pilot) showed to the aeronautical company spent a lot of interest and a number of activities for its withdrawal from the crisis. The head of EgyptAir aviation company became Air Marshal Muhammad Rayyan, who was a good aviation specialist and has established himself as a strong leader.

To update the fleet of aircraft companies in 1981, eight Airbus A300 were ordered, the aircraft fleet of the company has reached 30 units. Ryan did not want to open up new routes, fully focusing on strengthening regional EgyptAir base. When it built its own terminal at Cairo airport, we conducted computerized management of the company and implemented a training program for staff.

Headquarters Moving into a modern new complex made it possible to terminate the contract ineffective and simplify the company's management system. EgyptAir also invested 30 million in a program to create a regional maintenance base.

Another purpose of President Mubarak, who had a great influence on the work of EgyptAir, the appointment of Fouad Sultan Minister of Tourism and Aviation. Fuad Sultan took a course on the market regulation of the aviation industry, which meant for EgyptAir completion of government support. EgyptAir could no longer receive subsidies and had to buy aviation equipment only for its own account. State Aviation Company reached by this time 15 000 people that call external criticism.

EgyptAir plane in November 1985 years has become the object of one of the most dramatic in the history of the capture of terrorists.

EgyptAir in 1990-91 fiscal year announced a loss of $ 33 million. This year, said the Gulf War, as a result of the increased cost of insurance and fuel, and reduce the flow of tourists in the Middle East (in addition to this, EgyptAir exported from Iraq and Egyptian Kuwaiti citizens in times of crisis). But the carrier is quickly regained the position, receiving an equivalent profit, since the flow of tourists has increased dramatically over 1992-93 the first six months of the financial year. EgyptAir bought a new batch of aircraft that the company's cost of $ 2.4 billion. Retrain and required more than 300 pilots.

EgyptAir spring 1992, together with Kuwait Airways has created a charter aviation company Sharouk ( «Sunrise») Air, which EgyptAir received 51%, this aviation company operated until 2002 years. In 2004 year later her place was taken by Air Cairo.

 

Activity of the company

EgyptAir - a company that belongs to the state, but the company's management has the right to decide how, without the participation of the state in ordinary private company. The company has self-financing and not subsidized by the government.

EgyptAir - owner of airline companies EgyptAir Cargo, EgyptAir Express and Air Sinai. In EgyptAir also has stakes in Air Cairo (40%) and Smart Aviation Company (20%). Among EgyptAir Holding Company as of June 2007 years 20734 working people, of whom 7600 working directly on EgyptAir Airlines (airline company as a subsidiary of the holding).

EgyptAir in 2004 year - the first airline company in Africa and the Middle East, audited IATA safety.

Skytrax in 2006 3 on EgyptAir was awarded a star on his own scale certification.

EgyptAir Passenger In 2007 21 year increased by% to 7.8 million passengers.

Aviation company opened a regional division of EgyptAir Express, in a fleet which includes new Embraer E-170. The unit flies between local airports in Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Aswan, Luxor, Abu Simbel, Marsa Alam, Alexandria and Cairo, and in addition to the international transport of the parent company. At an air show in Singapore in February 2008 it signed an agreement to acquire additionally 6 Embraer E-170 2009 delivered in the year.

In past years, EgyptAir Holding Company reported back about getting a big profit. Earnings 2007-2008 fiscal year was $ 170 million.

Star Alliance Alliance Board 16 2007 October, the vote for adoption of the members of the alliance EgyptAir. July 11 2008 years 21 EgyptAir became a full member of m-Star Alliance.

The main hub of aviation companies, Cairo International Airport, in the year ended 2008 3 Terminal building. Aviation Company translated all flights (domestic and international) in the new terminal, airport capacity with the double. All partners in the Star Alliance Aviation companies will also be served at Terminal 3.

EgyptAir is also a founding member of the airline alliance Arabesk Airline Alliance.

 

The new livery and a new image

EgyptAir 2008 year in June announced a change in the appearance of its logo and a new livery for the aircraft. The new logo is a golden image of Horus, the god of the sky and one of the most revered Gods of Ancient Egypt. On engines on EgyptAir planes applied Arabic inscriptions.

In addition to the new livery, some aircraft EgyptAir plan to repaint the Star Alliance livery.

 

unit

  • Air Sinai (100%)
  • Smart Aviation Company (20%)
  • Air Cairo (40%)

 

Fleet

For passenger traffic in January 2015 60 years EgyptAir used aircraft, in addition to this, EgyptAir Cargo - cargo division of the company - the operator of four Airbus A300-B4 / 600; EgyptAir Express operates 12 Embraer E-170.

The total number of aircraft in the EgyptAir fleet reaches 76 (60 + 12 + 4), ordered three more aircraft. Also during peak downloads (Hajj, summer, Ramadan), Aircraft Company gets wet leasing of aircraft.

 

Basic data:

  • Country Airlines: Egypt.

  • National Aviation Company of Egypt.

  • Year of occurrence airlines: 1933.

  • IATA airline code: MS.

  • ICAO airline code: MSR.

  • Airlines is a member of the alliance: StarAlliance.

 

Idzhipteyr (Egyptair). Official site: http://www.egyptair.com.

Egyptair

 

Contact details:

  • Mailing Address airlines: EgyptAirComplexBuilding, CairoAirportRoad, POBox11776, Cairo, Egypt.

  • City Airline Phone: + 20222674700.

  • Airlines Fax: + 20226353861.

  • The mailing address of the Russian representation of airlines: Moscow, Red Presnenskaya embankment d.12, vhod3, 901 office.

  • City Phone Russian representation of airlines: + 74959670621.

  • Fax offices in Russia: + 74959670622.

  • Main airports Airlines Cairo.

  • Domestic flights airlines: Alexandria, Abu Simbel, Assyut, Aswan, Luxor, Cairo, Hurghada, SharmelSheyh.

  • In the CIS countries airlines flights: Moscow.

  • International flights airlines: Addis Ababa, Abu Dhabi, Alain, Accra, Algiers, Aleppo, Amsterdam, Amman, Athens, Asmara, Barcelona, ​​Bangkok, Beirut, Bahrain, Johannesburg, Berlin, Budapest, Benghazi, Brussels, Damascus, Vienna, Jeddah, Dammam, Dubai, Doha, Geneva, Casablanca, Kano, Lagos, Kuwait, London, Lamaka, Milan, Madrid, Muscat, Mumbai, Nairobi, Munich, Osaka, New York City, Rome, Paris, Tokyo, Sanaa, Tunis, Tripoli, Khartoum, FrankfurtnaMayne, ErRiyad, Sharjah.

  • The airline has the following types of aircraft: AirbusA300, AirbusA320, AirbusA321, AirbusA330-200, AirbusA330-300, AirbusA340-200, Boeing737-500, Boeing737-800, Boeing777-200, Boeing777-300.

 

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The interior is equipped with the latest technology, the seats are upholstered with leather, because of what you feel is not in the business class, but at home in front of the monitor. Very convenient and multifunctional building aircraft. When the flight did not even look out the window. And so I am confident that we fly here is excellent!

All problems can be solved immediately. The staff is very responsible. Always willing to help. The flight went very well!

After the flight I overwhelmed with emotion. He fully affirmed the impeccable reputation of the airline. The cabin is clean, and in the evening all supplied with blankets, even despite the fact that prior to arriving at the airport was short-lived.

The crew is very good. Plane, of course, reminded me strongly elongated minibus is not a business class. not even provided for the partition in the cabin, not to mention the appropriate service, but it turned out that my relatives, returning another airline the next day, stood at the airport more than 6 hours so that it was still not a bad option.

This airline has led me in horror. In June last year, we booked tickets to Bangkok. Suddenly, in September, it's a notification that the schedule has changed as much as 2 days. Through the Internet issued a return ticket, purchased them from another airline. As stated on the official website, waited 21 day. But during this period and the money does not come to us. They appealed to the Moscow office, where we were advised to go to Cairo. But our letters do not come any answer. No one is advised not to use the services of the airline.

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