EgyptAir Airlines (Idzhipteyr). Official site.
EgyptAir (IATA: MS, ICAO: MSR) (Arab. مصر للطيران, Arab. Miṣr lil-Ṭayyārān) - Aviation Company, Star Alliance member, the flagship carrier of Egypt. The main hub of the aviation company - Cairo International Airport. Aviation company fully owned by the Egyptian government, operates scheduled cargo and passenger services to more 70 airports in Africa, Europe, the Far and Middle East, Canada and the USA, as well as actively present in the domestic air transport market.
EgyptAir is the second largest aviation company in Africa. Aviation Company entered July 11 2008, in the Star Alliance, becoming the first member of the alliance from the Middle East.
Logo Aviation Company - the image of Horus, the sky god in Egyptian mythology, who is portrayed usually in the form of a man with a falcon's head or of the falcon. In addition, the choir in mythology is a winged sun god.
Create aviation company
EgyptAir established 7 May 1932 years, commercial operations began to be produced in August 1933 year Spartan Cruiser on the route Alexandria-Cairo. The plane is only four people could carry, including two pilots. Flights were made in cooperation with Airwork Company, which was called at the time the company Misr Airwork.aviatsionnoy
EgyptAir - the second-largest airline company of the African continent (second only to South African Airways) and the second-largest Arab airline company (after Saudi Arabian Airlines). Nevertheless, the Egyptian national carrier in the historical sense, there was no competition; from creating in 1932, he was the oldest aviation company that serves Africa and the Arab world. Despite the fact that in Africa, 1930-e new aviation companies appear until the mid-1940's not one of them did not develop in the future. In addition to the economic growth of Saudi Arabia due to the growth and development of oil fields, the only Arab Aviation Company, which could compete with EgyptAir size - Lebanese Middle East Airline. The route network of the aviation company covers the Middle East, Europe, Africa, the Far East, India, Australia and North America.
Early establishment of EgyptAir associated with the provision that Egypt played in the development of air routes of the British Empire. A few months after the end of the First World War, the Royal Air Force (RAF) began to open air routes to the south from Cairo to Cape Town and east to Baghdad from Cairo. RAF planes from mid 1920-ies performed flights in both directions. The British Parliament in 1925 year agreed to set up Imperial Airways recently took gradually the military, these routes. Imperial Airways as a result started to make regular flights from Egypt to Iraq in 1927 year and then extended this year 1929 route to India. Flights to British East Africa from Egypt began in 1931 year. Both regular flights are combined in Egypt Imperial Airways with its flights to and from Britain.
Egypt became a major transportation 1931 shop of the British Empire. At that time, the famous Egyptian economist Talaat Harb predicted that Egypt's role as a transport center is expected to increase, helped by two events: the extension of the flight Imperial Airways in 1932 year from Cairo to Cape Town and movement routes in India with sophisticated politically the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf to more safe southern coast of the Gulf.
Both events took place in the year 1932, while Talaat Harb met with a British partner in Airwork, while the well-known aviation company with aviation interests and ambitions to develop regular air flights, in collaboration with Imperial Airways. This caused the creation of Misr Airwork in 1932 year in which Bank of Egypt in Cairo received the 85 percent invested 20 000 Egyptian pounds, while Airwork turned 10%, Taalat Harb and his Egyptian counterpart - 5%.
The first step of the new company - the creation of flying school in the fast-diamond airport in Heliopolis, a suburb of Cairo. Airwork took at that time participated in the pilot training programs in the UK and Talaat Harb has supported the development of such programs in Egypt. It was purchased a small fleet of aircraft De Havilland Gypsy Moth, which provides the basis of development of the aviation industry in Egypt. Airwork summer 1933, organized import Spartan Cruiser into a temporary lease of aircraft fleet of the parent company.
This aircraft in August 1933 year was to carry out daily scheduled flights from Cairo in the western port of Mersa Matruh through Alexandria. High demand for aircraft flying in the first month has led to an increase in the frequency of flights between Alexandria and Cairo. In December 1933 years, since the beginning of the winter tourist season a new route was opened from Cairo to Aswan through the Nile Valley Luxor and Assiut twice a week.
Misr Airwork the following year began to produce international flights to Haifa and Lydda in Palestine. There has been further developed in 1936 year with the opening of a new flight to Baghdad and to Cyprus. In the aviation company at the time it was a fleet of its own production of the aircraft De Havilland, flagship of the fleet - 14-seater DH86 Express, which was 4 instance. At this time, the development of tourism in Palestine and Egypt, partly because of the agency Thomas Cook launches new flights Imperial Airways.
After the Second World War
When World War II began, ownership and management of the aviation companies have moved to the Government of Egypt, after that the route network of aviation companies have saved, but largely increased flight frequency and aircraft, the company received a new name - Misr Airlines. Egyptian airline after the war is still controlled by the government, returned to civilian flights, then the priority was the resumption of pilot training programs for this purpose have been used 10 Beechcraft aircraft production, acquired from the United States. Antebellum network at the beginning of the year 1948 has been fully restored, and it became obvious that we need a large aircraft, in order to successfully compete with the DC-3, who quickly took a significant proportion of transport in the region.
Regular flights resumed in 1949 year when the aviation company has gained ten aircraft Vickers VC.1 Viking. These twin-engine airplanes local 28-given ability to quickly increase its route network, which is the period at 1949 1952 doubled, the number of aviation employees reached 1000 people. Aviation company at this time changed its name to Misrair. Misrair continued to work closely with the old partner Airwork (which Vickers VC.1 Viking fleet was purchased and who made technical support). Airwork continued to be active in the region, creating in 1946, the Sudan Airways. Airwork soon after that launched its own "colonial shuttle", organized flights to Central and East Africa, using its own fleet of Vickers VC.1 Viking, with a stopover in Khartoum and Cairo.
After the July Revolution of 1952 years
July 1952 year was a turning point for the aviation company and for the whole country - this time made a successful military coup, in which the result was overthrown King Farouk I, and in 1953, the country became a republic, the beginning of its president was Muhammad Naguib, but in 1956 year - Gamal Abdel Nasser. In the aviation company was marked by stagnation during bending. New routes were closed shortly after their introduction. an attempt to introduce new types of aircraft in operation, but it has become a failure. With the coming to power of Nasser's interest to national aviation authorities of the company is largely increased.
The first step - commissioned Vickers Viscount fleet in 1956, the British-built. In 1958, after it had acquired aircraft DC-3, which made it possible to replace equipment, which is operated on domestic flights in Egypt. The last step of the program of renovation of the fleet - the acquisition of the aircraft De Havilland Comet in 1960 year for long-haul flights. Viscount acquisition for Misrair opened up the possibility to open flights to London, this trend will soon become a key for the aviation company. Getting Comet jets on the other hand made it possible to open flights to Bombay year 1961 and 1962 in Tokyo.
Company in 1962 year began to pursue financial difficulties. Misrair was finishing up this year with a profit, even in a difficult period in the middle of 1950-x, and only a year of revolution, 1952 years, was unprofitable. The company 1962 experienced large decline in revenues. The reason for that - reducing the profitability of the Bombay flight, increase competition for flights to Tokyo, as well as complex technical Comet operation in comparison with the Douglas DC-8 and Boeing 707, which came out at the time on long-haul routes.
A more fundamental problem - the political situation that emerged after the decision to merge the year 1958 aviation companies of Syria, Egypt and Iraq into one aviation company called United Arab Airlines, which would become the flagship carrier of the newly created United Arab Republic (UAR). Syria joined in 1958 year to Egypt, but was released in 1961 of the SAR; Iraq never became its member.
Despite the fact that the Egyptian government has conducted a formal reorganization of the aviation company and renamed Misrair in United Airlines Arab 1960 in the early years, the Syrian government did not immediately agreed on the merger plan with Syrian Airways, the main problem was the resistance of private shareholders Syrian Airways to coordinate the terms of association. Yet, during the negotiations on the association opened a flight between Aleppo and Cairo, which set low prices for tickets, which contributed to the development of passenger traffic between the two countries. Flights from Syrian and Egyptian partners since the beginning of the year 1961 were merged under the name of a new aviation company. But this agreement has not sustained until the end of the year, in October, Syria withdrew from the union and created a new state aviation company Syrian Arab Airline, which quickly regained its route network, which has created its private predecessor.
While the Syrian Arab began to carry out modernization and development program (her first trip to Europe was made in the year 1963), UAA (both called while Misrair) experienced a deep crisis. The unstable political situation and the change of the name, with which he was associated, aroused great marketing problems. Another problem - the dubious status of flight safety, since 1961-62 years 14 months for crash with fatalities poizoshlo four aircraft aviation companies - two DC-3 and two Comet 4.
An important factor in reducing tourism in Egypt - cooperation with the Soviet Union and the adoption of the Egyptian government in the course of building socialism. Difficulties in obtaining loans have caused that the Boeing aircraft 707, who ordered more in 1961 year, have not been received. There were considerable difficulties in obtaining freely convertible currency and ensuring spare parts Viscount fleet and Comet. In addition, the uncontrolled increase in staff resulted in a major organizational problem.
The position of the company has had a strong influence in the Six-Day War 1967 year. Despite the fact that Egypt militarily defeated and the country began a difficult period economically, this event has allowed eventually to the national carrier Egypt regain their positions. After the war, Arab inhabitants considered it their duty to support Egypt. Several Arab governments even encouraged their citizens to travel to Egypt on holiday. As a result, the number of tourists in Egypt exceeded in the year 1970 1966 record pre-war figure of the year. Arab funds have also provided assistance in the acquisition of the first aircraft in the Boeing 707 1968 year, which made it possible to resume flights to Tokyo and to increase the quality of service.
The new political situation has caused the emergence of the draft merger aviation company with aviation companies of the two African neighbors Sudan, Egypt, Libya. As a result, it created a new airline company under the old name United Arab Airlines, which includes in addition to Egypt's national carrier Sudan Airways and Libyan Arab Airline. Despite the political tensions, which destroyed in the end this model, the new UAA had a much better economic subbase than its predecessor. All three aviation companies could work together to use their own fleets of Boeing 707 and benefit from sharing. The routing network of three aviation companies overlap and work together on the ground services and efficient use of fleets has an obvious benefit. Compared to most European carriers, each of the three airline companies had a lower frequency of flights, usually on the same route two or three flight per week. In addition, the merger has made it possible to demand better conditions at registration of agreements on flights to other countries. This development path has helped Egypt to rely on the fact that Cairo will be in the Middle East Boeing 707 maintenance center.
The project united aviation companies to 1970 was well implemented; the next stage - the reorganization of foreign representative offices of air companies services. It was assumed that the flights of aircraft maintenance companies in the Asian and European countries will be implemented mainly in Cairo, the North African destinations - in Tripoli and all other African destination - in Khartoum. But in 1970, the newly changed political situation in Egypt, the country came to power, Anwar Sadat. This event caused the change of political relations in the region, the allocation of the national aviation company in 1971, under the name under which it exists today, EgyptAir. Even more significant were the effects on the outcome of the Yom Kippur War in October 1973 years 1974 year gap in Egypt's relations with the Soviet Union and the restoration of close relations between the United States and Egypt.
As a result, such a drastic change of policy, which provoked the rejection of confrontation with Israel and the signing of the Camp Devidskih agreements, Egypt boycotted the richest countries of the Gulf, which directly affected the operation of the aircraft. The passenger aircraft company grew slowly, the basis of the aviation company fleet began early model Boeing 737 and Boeing 707. At the same time, such as the aviation company IranAir Saudia and we had a lot of respect in the Arab world and, on the other hand, began to appear better equipped technically competing airline companies such as Gulf Air.
After years 1981
The coming to power after the assassination of Hosni Mubarak Sadat led to the orientation in 1981, the country's market economy and the flow of investment from abroad. Hosni Mubarak (a former military pilot) showed to the aeronautical company spent a lot of interest and a number of activities for its withdrawal from the crisis. The head of EgyptAir aviation company became Air Marshal Muhammad Rayyan, who was a good aviation specialist and has established himself as a strong leader.
To update the fleet of aircraft companies in 1981, eight Airbus A300 were ordered, the aircraft fleet of the company has reached 30 units. Ryan did not want to open up new routes, fully focusing on strengthening regional EgyptAir base. When it built its own terminal at Cairo airport, we conducted computerized management of the company and implemented a training program for staff.
Headquarters Moving into a modern new complex made it possible to terminate the contract ineffective and simplify the company's management system. EgyptAir also invested 30 million in a program to create a regional maintenance base.
Another purpose of President Mubarak, who had a great influence on the work of EgyptAir, the appointment of Fouad Sultan Minister of Tourism and Aviation. Fuad Sultan took a course on the market regulation of the aviation industry, which meant for EgyptAir completion of government support. EgyptAir could no longer receive subsidies and had to buy aviation equipment only for its own account. State Aviation Company reached by this time 15 000 people that call external criticism.
EgyptAir plane in November 1985 years has become the object of one of the most dramatic in the history of the capture of terrorists.
EgyptAir in 1990-91 fiscal year announced a loss of $ 33 million. This year, said the Gulf War, as a result of the increased cost of insurance and fuel, and reduce the flow of tourists in the Middle East (in addition to this, EgyptAir exported from Iraq and Egyptian Kuwaiti citizens in times of crisis). But the carrier is quickly regained the position, receiving an equivalent profit, since the flow of tourists has increased dramatically over 1992-93 the first six months of the financial year. EgyptAir bought a new batch of aircraft that the company's cost of $ 2.4 billion. Retrain and required more than 300 pilots.
EgyptAir spring 1992, together with Kuwait Airways has created a charter aviation company Sharouk ( «Sunrise») Air, which EgyptAir received 51%, this aviation company operated until 2002 years. In 2004 year later her place was taken by Air Cairo.
Activity of the company
EgyptAir - a company that belongs to the state, but the company's management has the right to decide how, without the participation of the state in ordinary private company. The company has self-financing and not subsidized by the government.
EgyptAir - owner of airline companies EgyptAir Cargo, EgyptAir Express and Air Sinai. In EgyptAir also has stakes in Air Cairo (40%) and Smart Aviation Company (20%). Among EgyptAir Holding Company as of June 2007 years 20734 working people, of whom 7600 working directly on EgyptAir Airlines (airline company as a subsidiary of the holding).
EgyptAir in 2004 year - the first airline company in Africa and the Middle East, audited IATA safety.
Skytrax in 2006 3 on EgyptAir was awarded a star on his own scale certification.
EgyptAir Passenger In 2007 21 year increased by% to 7.8 million passengers.
Aviation company opened a regional division of EgyptAir Express, in a fleet which includes new Embraer E-170. The unit flies between local airports in Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Aswan, Luxor, Abu Simbel, Marsa Alam, Alexandria and Cairo, and in addition to the international transport of the parent company. At an air show in Singapore in February 2008 it signed an agreement to acquire additionally 6 Embraer E-170 2009 delivered in the year.
In past years, EgyptAir Holding Company reported back about getting a big profit. Earnings 2007-2008 fiscal year was $ 170 million.
Star Alliance Alliance Board 16 2007 October, the vote for adoption of the members of the alliance EgyptAir. July 11 2008 years 21 EgyptAir became a full member of m-Star Alliance.
The main hub of aviation companies, Cairo International Airport, in the year ended 2008 3 Terminal building. Aviation Company translated all flights (domestic and international) in the new terminal, airport capacity with the double. All partners in the Star Alliance Aviation companies will also be served at Terminal 3.
EgyptAir is also a founding member of the airline alliance Arabesk Airline Alliance.
The new livery and a new image
EgyptAir 2008 year in June announced a change in the appearance of its logo and a new livery for the aircraft. The new logo is a golden image of Horus, the god of the sky and one of the most revered Gods of Ancient Egypt. On engines on EgyptAir planes applied Arabic inscriptions.
In addition to the new livery, some aircraft EgyptAir plan to repaint the Star Alliance livery.
- Air Sinai (100%)
- Smart Aviation Company (20%)
- Air Cairo (40%)
For passenger traffic in January 2015 60 years EgyptAir used aircraft, in addition to this, EgyptAir Cargo - cargo division of the company - the operator of four Airbus A300-B4 / 600; EgyptAir Express operates 12 Embraer E-170.
The total number of aircraft in the EgyptAir fleet reaches 76 (60 + 12 + 4), ordered three more aircraft. Also during peak downloads (Hajj, summer, Ramadan), Aircraft Company gets wet leasing of aircraft.
Country Airlines: Egypt.
National Aviation Company of Egypt.
Year of occurrence airlines: 1933.
IATA airline code: MS.
ICAO airline code: MSR.
Airlines is a member of the alliance: StarAlliance.
Idzhipteyr (Egyptair). Official site: http://www.egyptair.com.
Mailing Address airlines: EgyptAirComplexBuilding, CairoAirportRoad, POBox11776, Cairo, Egypt.
City Airline Phone: + 20222674700.
Airlines Fax: + 20226353861.
The mailing address of the Russian representation of airlines: Moscow, Red Presnenskaya embankment d.12, vhod3, 901 office.
City Phone Russian representation of airlines: + 74959670621.
Fax offices in Russia: + 74959670622.
Main airports Airlines Cairo.
Domestic flights airlines: Alexandria, Abu Simbel, Assyut, Aswan, Luxor, Cairo, Hurghada, SharmelSheyh.
In the CIS countries airlines flights: Moscow.
International flights airlines: Addis Ababa, Abu Dhabi, Alain, Accra, Algiers, Aleppo, Amsterdam, Amman, Athens, Asmara, Barcelona, Bangkok, Beirut, Bahrain, Johannesburg, Berlin, Budapest, Benghazi, Brussels, Damascus, Vienna, Jeddah, Dammam, Dubai, Doha, Geneva, Casablanca, Kano, Lagos, Kuwait, London, Lamaka, Milan, Madrid, Muscat, Mumbai, Nairobi, Munich, Osaka, New York City, Rome, Paris, Tokyo, Sanaa, Tunis, Tripoli, Khartoum, FrankfurtnaMayne, ErRiyad, Sharjah.
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