B B BAir crash investigations videos
In 1998, the modern airliner, belonging to one of the world's best airline, took off from the eastern coast of Canada. At the height of 10000 meters plane caught fire. For 6 minutes before the explosion interrupted communication with the pilots. Then the plane crashed into the ocean. 229 people were killed. Cause of the fire was unknown.Аviakatastrofy video investigation you can look below at our site.
2 September 1998 years 111 plane flight was preparing to make the flight from New York International Airport. Kennedy to Geneva. Aircraft MD-11 - A modern airliner was built in 1986 year. This is one of the most reliable jet aircraft. The commander of the crew was Urs Zimmermann. The co-pilot - Stephan Loew. In the cockpit calm reigned business environment. On board were 215 14 passengers and crew members. Mostly the passengers were French, the Americans and the Swiss.
In 20: 18 ship pulled away from the runway and headed north-east towards the Atlantic. 15 first minutes after takeoff with the board 111 was no connection. Air path across the Atlantic controlled the air traffic control center located in the small town of Moncton. Captain Zimmerman first made contact with the dispatcher only half an hour after takeoff. Drivers ready for standard transatlantic flight. An aircraft MD-11, first in the world, have been installed entertainment devices. The passengers were movies, games and news programs. Undoubtedly, this innovation to attract customers of the airline. Soon, however, it led to disaster.
Some time later, the pilots felt the smell of smoke. The co-pilot immediately stood up and looked at the cabin ventilation system. Nothing unusual, he did not notice. He did not realize that lurked behind the panel danger.
22: 13. The pilots did not have time to calm down, both in the cabin smoke appeared again. Follow the instructions of airline "Swissair"The captain decided to land the aircraft at the nearest airport. He contacted air traffic control in Moncton and signaled «pan-pan-pan». Pilots are urgently needed to make an emergency landing.
Аviakatastrofy video investigation see below
Expert: Signal "pan-pan-pan"- International call sign, which is used to attract the attention of air traffic controllers for an emergency before to signal distress.
The captain wanted to land in Boston, and the manager gave the nod to decline. Also rescue center in Boston warned Flight 111. Manager has determined that the aircraft was in 122 kilometers from Halifax and 556 kilometers from Boston. But the pilot Zimmerman chose his familiar airport.
Expert: When there is an emergency, pilots prefer to land at the airport familiar. So it is easier to overcome stress. So it was at that time. When smoke appeared in the cockpit, the captain started to think about where the nearest big airport, where you can find out everything with the mechanic. The answer is obvious - Boston.
Was one minute of call after the «pan-pan-pan». Assessing the situation, Captain Zimmerman agreed landed in Halifax. He changed course and continued to decline. The pilots reported that they needed time to prepare the aircraft for landing. Apparently they wanted to tidy up the cabin. Therefore, the controller decided that the situation was not critical. At this time, the captain of the side 111 filled flight plan. It took him almost 20 minutes.
5 minutes after the call sign. Manager instructed to decrease the height of 1000 meters. However, pilots are again told that they need time to put in order the passenger compartment.
Manager: From my perspective, it looked quite easy. I decided that the board is taking all the necessary measures. I was sure that they sit safely in Halifax.
The plane stopped decline and flew at an altitude of 6000 meters. They flew to Halifax, where they have prepared runway. Captain Zimmerman took some time to study the airfield airport. At this time, the senior steward told passengers that the plane changed course. Inside, there was no sign of smoke, so the passengers calmly took this message. Manager, said that before the Halifax remained 50 kilometers. It was too little. The flight was at an altitude of 111 6 kilometers and could not so quickly to land.
7 minutes after the call sign. Ground service is ready to take the plane. Making a U-turn and sinking near Halifax, the pilots reported that they need to lose more than 200 tons of fuel. Manager was amazed!
Manager: At this point, the situation is very difficult. After that, I got more and more disturbing information.
He tried to send a plane so that he is not very far off from Halifax. Reset fuel - the usual procedure. If you do not reset it, the plane could explode on landing. Pilots prefer to reset the fuel in the water and flew to the Gulf. This once again convinced the manager that on board everything is under control. Нeshinel Geographic Air Crash Investigation Watch the video above
10 minutes after the call sign. The cockpit was filled with smoke. At the height of 3000 meters pilots disengage the autopilot. The fire crept to controls, and this was only the beginning. Onboard we have failed all control systems. Soon, the pilots left the tranquility. They began to send a distress signal. Pilots started talking at once. The noise and interference prevented the manager to understand the main thing: Loew said that the plane needed to land immediately.
Manager: It's hard to explain the feelings that overwhelmed me. I replayed a thousand times in my head all the events of that terrible night. Maybe I've done? Maybe I made a mistake somewhere? In the end I realized that I did everything that depended on me.
After a 30 seconds after distress cockpit turned into hell. Extinguished all screens, raging fire. Relations distress airliner was no more. Within minutes 6 Coast residents heard a deafening explosion. These 6 minutes with the plane had no connectionAnd no one knew what had happened.
Manager: It's hard to convey the feeling of helplessness that I felt then. I could not do anything. Just I sat and waited. I was hoping that they will turn back to the airport, but it did not happen.
3 September 1998 years. On the morning of the search team collected the remains of a terrible flight 111. All those on board were killed.
Department of passenger traffic in Canada began the biggest investigation in the history of the country. It was clear that in the cockpit, the dead ship, there was a fire. But why?
Investigator: We had to have a very serious investigation. First of all, we needed to raise the plane at a depth of 50 meters. As it turned out, It lays at the bottom of a 2 million small fragments. And among them we have to find those that have helped to understand what happened on board.
It was developed sophisticated phased plan. First of all, divers examined the wreckage. They found that the plane crashed just shattered. Soon the weather worsened and they had to stop the underwater works. At this rate, the investigation could last for years. 12 September the US Navy provided a remote-controlled trial that could conduct a more thorough search. Thanks to them, managed to become familiar with the crash site ship. Soon came luck. Among the debris were found "black boxes". Record of negotiations in the cockpit and computer data suggest that all systems on board functioned normally. Failure occurred only a few minutes before the crash.
Investigator: According to the parametric recorder, the aircraft was actually serviceable. Also smoke in the cockpit everything else was in order. When the plane started to decline, suddenly one after the other systems began to fail.
However, the flight recorders did not show how and where the fire started. At this time, the barges were combing the seabed and fetched wreckage. Then in the hangar organized a laboratory in which experts could examine the wreckage. Delivered wreckage carefully sorted by categories. Investigators had to solve one of the most complex mysteries in aviation history. How is it that a small fire in the cockpit led to disaster? Фelms about the crash download you can directly Yutuba
Examining 250 kilometers of wiring, investigators found that fire was caused by a short circuit. The source of ignition was right behind the copilot's seat. The first suspect immediately became a new entertainment system.
Expert: The system was still very imperfect. It consumes a lot of energy, and because constantly working quickly overheated. There was a switch by which it could be turned off. Moreover, there has been provided, and the cooling system.
Even when the pilots in preparation for an emergency landing, turned off the lights in the cabin entertainment system continued to work. The company «Swissair» immediately withdrawn entertainment systems on all of its aircraft. However, this is not the investigators finished their work. They believed that only the superheat entertainment system could lead to a catastrophe flight 111.
November 4 1998 years. The search for the causes of the fire continued. Experts have found that the invisible fire had spread from the cockpit into the cabin of the first class. Under the skin actively burned wiring. It was also seen that the pilots did not act quickly enough. They were very meticulous and dutiful.
Expert: In case of danger they needed as quickly as possible to land the plane, and then to fill the flight plan. We had to throw away all that prevented the landing.
But a careful examination of timing revealed that in those conditions the aircraft would not be able to land at the airport in Halifax. They just did not have enough time. When a problem is detected, they were at the height of 9000 meters. To reach the ground, they had to 13 minutes. The pilots did not have this time. Whatever the cause of the fire - a fire broke out immediately. The catastrophe was imminent.
September 1999 years. After a year of costly exploration and research, investigators have found something. It was found that the wiring where there was a short circuit, near flammable material. This insulation material makes the coating that was used in civil aviation worldwide. According to the results of tests this material belongs to the group bad-flammable, fast-fading materials. Investigators were subjected to this insulating material new challenges.
Expert: Amazingly, it turned out that it is flammable, combustible material!
The Commission of Inquiry concluded that it was necessary to tighten the requirements for the materials used for the construction of passenger aircraft. The answer was found. The fire started in the wiring located behind the cab. From the sparks caught fire insulation, and from there the fire spread to other materials such as plastic and foam. The fire spread with incredible speed. After a 14 minutes after the distress signal was given, the flame will de-energize the instruments in the cockpit. Pilots until recently tried to land the plane. However, no instrument, he was not controllable and with terrible force fell into the water. Сmotret online plane crash passenger planes above.
On investigation it was spent 4,5 40 years and millions of dollars. It was the biggest investigation in the history of Canada. It has been put forward new requirements for the materials used in aircraft construction. The company «Swissair» Remove all flammable materials from their aircraft. There was also changed the procedure for filling in flight plan. Now, pilots have more time to assess the situation of flight. All this was done in order to never repeat the tragedy that befell flight 111.
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