Plane crash in Yaroslavl. The hockey club Lokomotiv.
7 September 2011 years Yak-42 landing in YaroslavlThat would take on board the very important passengers. This makes a charter flight company "Yak-Service" and be only the crew on board. The co-pilot - Igor Zhevelo company is the deputy director of flight operations. By the time he was a pilot for almost 30 years and has flown over this time around 13000 hours. The aircraft commander - Andrew Solomentsev. He is a close friend of Igor Zhevelova. The third person in the cockpit - the flight engineer Vladimir Matyushin. The airplane also be Alexander Sizov - engineer ground handling electronic equipment.
Expert: The charter flights especially important to safely deliver people from the "A" point to point "B", and provide quality service. On this depends the reputation of the company, whether it will receive the order again.
In the Yaroslavl airport special security measures introduced. At the economic forum in the city came the most influential Russian politicians. But the rise is not the policy are prepared on board the aircraft. This is no less prestigious passengers - a team "Lokomotiv" Yaroslavl hockey club.
Ice hockey: The "Locomotive" fantastic fans. They are able to shout down anyone and always support their team. Every time I came to this city, felt a special atmosphere. This is a true hockey town. They love this game.
Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash video.
Alexander Galimov - right winger played his entire career for the "Locomotive". He was born in Yaroslavl, and was considered a real local hero. Chief Brad MakRiman coach looking forward to the first game of the season. Team, one of the best Russian hockey players have been collected. One of them - the captain Nikolai Tkachenko team. In preseason games, "Locomotives" luck. They have won seven of nine games. Therefore, fans are confident that this year the club has all the chances to win the Gagarin Cup.
As the deputy of the flight operation Zhivelov took the opportunity to fly a plane with their heroes on board. This flight commander Solomentsev operated plane and Zhivelov responsible for radio communications.
Aircraft crash with the locomotive crew
The crew launches three engine Yak-42 and put regulators in the takeoff position. The plane is sent to the capital of Belarus - Minsk, in the two-hour flight from Yaroslavl. For the players it's the first of many flights, which they will perform this season. Almost four in the afternoon the plane began to roll down the runway. Flight engineer watching devices. Its mission - to inform the commander, when the aircraft take-off speed dial.
Expert: From the engine power the aircraft's speed dependent. If done correctly and flaps and slats on display is correct, then the lift force created by the speed of the plane will lift off the ground, that is usually the case.
When the take-off speed is reached, the flight engineer told the commander to lift the aircraft. He pulled the wheel itself, which would turn the ailerons on 10 degrees. That should have been enough to make the plane took off. However, he stayed on the ground. Nothing happened. The plane did not respond to the movement of the steering wheel. The commander asked for a full thrust, but again nothing happened. Even stabilizing CO regulation did not give a result. Instead of having to fly the aircraft continued to roll on after leaving off the runway.
Expert: Pilots are a nightmare. The airplane does not fly, and you katishsya on the ground at a speed of 230 km / h.
Those who survived the plane crash locomotive?
The crew made desperate attempts to pull the aircraft from the ground. Finally they got it. The plane rose into the air, but could not avoid trouble. Yak-42 crashed into the Volga River less than a mile from the takeoff runway. Local police patrolling the river, the first to arrive at the crash site. Alexander Galimov survived the crash, and was able to get out of the wreckage. Engineer Alexander Sizov also survived. Who arrived at the crash shocked by the news that on board were some of the most famous Russian athletes. The thick black smoke is not visible to other survivors.
Lokomotiv ice hockey team plane crash
Pathologist: When we arrived on the scene, they saw that the earth was burned. Around lay small aircraft wreckage and fragments of clothing. In the middle of the clearing they were already dead body folded players.
A few hours later the Russian aviation experts arrived at the crash site. They must determine the cause of the disaster. From 45 people boarded 43 were killed, including the pilots. The hockey club "Lokomotiv" died almost at full strength.
A resident of Yaroslavl: It was grief for the whole city, because many children know not only how well-known players, but also personally. It's very hard to bear this loss.
The news instantly spread around the world. Everyone was shocked. It was impossible to believe that this could happen with a team of young, talented guys. In Ufa, the opening match of the season of the Continental League hockey players was interrupted by a terrible news. Players can not continue on the pitch, and he never ended.
Team was loved by all, and people wanted to get answers to questions. All the attention was focused on the main experts. Why the plane could not tear myself away from the runway? For take-off, the main ones are the three factors. The first - power engines. Second - lifting force. The flaps must be set correctly in order to improve the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing. Finally, what would the plane took off at a right angle, horizontal stabilizer should be set so as to press the tail of the plane, and raise his nose.
Experts are studying all that may indicate an incorrect takeoff configuration of the aircraft. It looks like the flaps on the wings were displayed correctly. Also, the tail stabilizer was OK. In addition, they have not found anything that would indicate that the engines did not provide enough traction to pull the aircraft from the ground. Fortunately flight recorders were found. That they could hold the key to understanding what happened.
Investigators have two questions. Why 9633 flight pilots were not able to break away from the runway? And why they have not abandoned the take-off at the first sign of trouble? The team of experts investigating the accident, always be under special pressure. But this was a special case. Russian President himself takes the case under his personal control, and requires the truth.
To understand what happened in the last moments of the flight 9633, investigators are studying records from security cameras airport. Cameras captured the moment when the Yak-42, finally able to get off the ground. The video shows that the aircraft is properly configured for takeoff. But there is no hint why it all went wrong.
To rise above the ground plane took only 1200 meters. They were free for about 2800 meter band. Something kept the aircraft at the time, as he had to take off. Experts are scratching their heads, what exactly? They believe that, perhaps, the plane was too heavy.
Expert: If you underestimated or incorrectly calculated the weight, you will not have a complete picture. You do not know what to expect from the aircraft.
Suspicions grew when investigators learned that the company "Yak-Service" at the airport there was no weights. All calculations were made about. But when the experts have calculated the theoretical weight of the team and their luggage, they came to the conclusion that the aircraft was not overloaded. Even with all hockey equipment weight of the aircraft was far from maximum.
Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash
Perhaps it was the speed? Experts returned to the engines. Using the estimated weight of the aircraft, they determined that he needed to take-off speed 215 km / h. Incorrect engine work could explain what happened. However, examining the flight recorders, they have determined that the motor can accelerate the airplane to a speed much greater than that required for take-off. The investigation at an impasse.
Expert: The plane is created to fly. The aircraft seek to fly. At a speed of 210 km / h and installing stabilizer 7 degree Yak-42 himself off from the strip; nothing complicated.
10 September 2011, the Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin and 40000 grieving fans took part in a memorial service for hockey players "Locomotive". And two days later, Alexander Galimov, the last member of one of the best hockey teams in Russia, died of his injuries. Yaroslavl tragedy claimed the lives 44.
Experts of all the forces trying to establish the cause of the tragedy. They carefully examined the information recorder of flight data. Finally they were able to notice something unusual. Despite full engine thrust Yak-42 not accelerated as fast as he should have.
Expert: During takeoff, when the aircraft had to constantly gain speed, it is in reality slowed down by the end of the strip. This is very unusual, and potentially dangerous.
Investigators believe that the the aircraft brakes were included. It is highly unlikely, but the inclusion of the brakes may explain the unusual behavior of the aircraft. To confirm this theory, the investigators conducted a test in the Flight Research Institute named after Gromov. During the test, take-off, they gradually turned the wheel brakes. The plane was enough traction that would take off. However, the distance required for take-off speed dial has more than doubled.
Judge: These tests have shown that 4 brake on the chassis have been included, and actively slowed the aircraft during takeoff for the band. Incredible situation, explain that, really not easy!
On the voice recorder could hear the crew before take-off brakes checked. They were serviceable. Perhaps braking system already rejected take-off, and the brake is applied by mistake? Such problems have occurred with the Yak-42. However, check the chassis of the crashed aircraft showed no traces of mechanical problems. The probability of spontaneous switching of the brakes once negligible. It was simply impossible.
Commission draws attention another question. Why the crew continued to try to get into the air when the problem was already apparent. Recording from the cockpit is largely due. Experts hear the crew commander announces the rate of so-called foreign solutions. When the plane is gaining speed this, the commander must decide to continue to rise, or to abandon it. However, the recording is heard how pilots argue about what speed takeoff. This should not be! The crew does not have to argue about the critical speeds during takeoff. They have not set line speed, though it must be determined before the start of the aircraft movement.
Expert: Preflight briefing is a very important element. He held the commander of the aircraft. However, it was held carelessly. Three people in the cabin and have not agreed on the rate at which to cancel the takeoff is already impossible.
If they refused to take off over 3-5 seconds after the first separation attempt, everything would have survived. Instead, they have tried to correct the situation, as long as they did not end the band.
Expert: They had time to stop. However, they did not think about taking off the cancellation, and it continued.
Why did they do, we can only guess. Perhaps they would like, by all means, bring their prestigious passengers to the destination. After all, if there was a delay due to technical problems, it would hit the image of the airline.
Having come to the conclusion that the brakes are functioning properly, experts believe that one of the pilots turned on their own.
Expert: This assumption amazed many in the Russian aviation community. We knew that the pilots were very experienced.
But there is a new clue. Investigation of private affairs pilots revealed that they were flying on two different models of aircraft. The first one Yak-40. The second - the Yak-42, the larger ship. The Yak-42 pilots flew only from case to case, and it was absolutely incorrect practice. It is dangerous to train pilots to fly the aircraft on the two models simultaneously.
Focusing on the brake pedal two planes, experts noted one potentially important difference. Brake pedals Yak-40 cover the entire foot of the pilot. But the design of the pedal in the Yak-42 implies that the pilot heel remains on the floor of the cabin.
Expert: The pilots flew the aircraft on the same model, on the other. And as it turned out, they have a different way of placing his feet on the brake pedal.
Based on this information, investigators have suggested that the pilot put the whole foot on the brake pedal. So he inadvertently turned on the brake. Is it possible.
Why the pilot did not notice his mistakes? Examining medical card drivers, opened important information. The co-pilot in secret undergoing treatment of nervous system. He lost feeling in his legs, and in any case did not have to fly a plane. As a result, he pressed on the brake pedal, he did not understand.
Turning the brake on a spinning wheel creates downforce on the nose of the aircraft. Yak-42 like glue stuck to the tarmac. Attempts to raise the nose of the crew only worsened the situation, when the aircraft still managed to get up into the air. He abruptly pulled up the nose. In 20 2 degrees per second, and could not be held in the air. Raising the nose led to the loss of lift on wings. Increased drag, and the plane went into a stall.
Upon further study of the personal files of pilots, experts make another shocking discovery. In many cases, they were given certificates of training, which they do not pass. They had a great experience. But their flight training on the Yak-42 was not sufficient. Federal Air Transport Agency immediately deprived of the license the company "Yak-Service".
In addition, listening to the flight recorder showed that after departing from the band, the commander began the abolition of takeoff. His example was followed by the flight engineer, who reduced the engine thrust. However, the co-pilot shouted: "What are you doing ?!", and the commander reversed its decision, and again tried to fly.
Expert: Regulation of action in the cockpit imply a clear hierarchy, headed by - the commander. The problem of "Yak-Service" was the fact that the co-pilot was formally the chief commander. He was a deputy company's flight operations.
They had their last chance to be saved, but because of the confusion, who's in charge, they did not use it.
Two months after the disaster, investigators published their report. Unintentional inhibition was indicated as the main cause of the tragedy. However, the main reason was that the airline security measures were not met.
After a terrible tragedy, "Lokomotiv" refused to participate in the season of the year 2011. The following year, the team made a triumphant return to the league. Again she hopes to win the Gagarin Cup. Also, the public learned that the deceased captain Nikolai Tkachenko anonymously team engaged in charity work, donating millions of rubles for critically ill children. In a matter of minutes before takeoff, he made his last donation 16-year old girl who has never known.
Many hope that the tragedy of "Locomotive" will lead to improved safety in Russia.
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