Emergency and rescue means airplanes
For quick and safe descent to land passengers in the event of an emergency landing on unequipped area or emergency situation on the ground in the civil aviation aircraft with high location of the fuselage used inflatable evacuation slides TH-2 (Tu-104A, Tu-104B, Il 62, 154-Tu), TN-3 (IL-18, Tu-134), TN-5 (Tu-114 aircraft). Inflatable slides are placed on a plane near the front doors.
Inflatable ladder is a trough consisting of two inflatable longitudinal "beam", connected by a transverse cylinder. The free space between the longitudinal "beam" n transverse cylinders closed pasted on them cloth made of rubberized fabric. Thus, it is quite hard tray, on which the passenger and made a sliding descent and crew. In the upper part of the longitudinal "beam" glued circular chamber serving handrail when entering the ramp and into the upper part of the cross cylinder glued three inflatable chambers, forming a threshold ramp, thereby protecting the passengers from injuries on the threshold of the doorway. By ladder attached twostrap with lugs (brackets), which gangway is fixed under the threshold of the doorway of the aircraft.
Inflatable evacuation slides depending on the type (TN-2, TN-3, TN-5) have different lengths in the operative position (from 4250 7760 to mm) and are filled with carbon dioxide from cylinders 8 liters capacity. Sealed inflatable slides allows you to use them within 30 minutes, after which the ladder gradually loses! rigidity. The weight of the ladder in a case (without cylinder and hoses) from 20 (TN-3) to 30 kg (TN-5). The weight of one cylinder filledcarbon dioxide is 16 kg, including carbon dioxide by weight5 kg. Maximum pressure in the ladder bar 0,45, the filling ramp 20-25 seconds. Packing Case ladder is fastened by means of pins and tapered pins (for parachute packing type), it has an additional lacing for utjazhki ladder in a case in the package.
Inflatable emergency ladder greatly speeds up the evacuation of passengers from the aircraft in case of emergency. Available on airplanes cloth trough also serve for the rapid evacuation of passengers from the aircraft. In the presence of inflatable evacuation slides on the Tu-114 rescue chute cloth used as a redundant means of salvation. Tu-Tu-104 and 124 rescue chute fabric are the main means of rapid evacuation of passengers to the ground.
The application of the aviation rescue inflatable ladder and rescue chute is given in the figures, diagrams and special instructions.
Using inflatable ladder TN:
- 1. Gangway, packed in a carrying case, put on the threshold of the doorway.
- 2. Attach straps tips the ladder in a doorway threshold nodes and push the ladder to the outside cover.
- 3. Pull the rope stud pins of the cover, then the case will be revealed, and the ramp will be thrown out on the ground.
- 4. Turn the cylinder valve handle. Trap filled with gas.
- 5. Go down the ladder odnomu- two crew members and passengers to insure on the ground at a gathering of the ladder.
If a strong crosswind one or two crew members descend on a rope from the bosses (nodes) to the ground and pulled the bottom of the stairs from the plane during filling, preventing the demolition of the ramp under the plane.
To ensure the rescue of passengers and crew in the event of a forced landing on water in civil aviation are provided individual and group boats.
For individual flotation devices are lifejackets HOAs-63P, which are designed to maintain a person afloat after leaving the aircraft and before landing it on a group boat (inflatable aviation life rafts), or other means of salvation (boats, boats, boats, passing ships, helicopters, etc. . P.).
Vest HOAs-63P looks bib consists of two inflatable chambers and filled with carbon dioxide gas from the cylinder. The vest is worn around the neck through the hole and fastened at the waist by a kapron tape. Weight vest 950 G. Material vest - two-layer rubberized fabric yellow. Filling of carbon dioxide takes place 5-7 seconds. For podduvaniya mouth vest has two tubes with mouthpieces and valves. The vest has a signaling equipment - warning light, battery operated with a water-filled element, and a signal whistle to signal in the dark and fog. To bring the battery element in the action, you need to pull the plug in the water, closing the hole in the battery. Regardless of the state in which the person is in the water jacket maintains its face up. Vest allows, if necessary, overturn pa chest and swim in any way. Vest-63P HOAs can support two people afloat. One person while wearing the vest can support afloat another person without a lifejacket.
It includes a group floating craft inflatable liferafts SP-12, 10-PSN, PSN-in calculated respectively 12,10, 6 people. Capacity rafts SP-12, PSN-10, 6-PSN, respectively equal to 1300, 1400, 1000 kg. Weight rafts SP-12, 10-PSP, PSN-6, manned equipment, respectively, equal to 65, 70,47 kg. Made life rafts from two- and three-layer ^ diagonalno- duplicated rubberized fabric of orange and yellow. Rules rafts to bring to the working position and use them applied to the outer shell of the raft and the raft on the inside the tent, as well as special instructions. Currently LAS 5M-2 Boat universally replaced -naduvnymi rafts with awning.
ACCOMMODATION rescue means on an airplane when flying over water
In accordance with the domestic and foreign practice, the development and application of aircraft rescue means civil aircraft when flying over water have life jackets for each passenger and crew member on board the aircraft are located so that each passenger and crew member can easily get it out of his seat. Typically, aviation life vests are located under the seats near the passenger seats and jobs crew, including flight attendants.
All aircraft when flying over water at a distance from the coast, in addition to life jackets or equivalent devices have on board liferafts sufficient to accommodate all persons on board the aircraft. Liferafts are arranged so as to provide free access to them in case of an accident.
Rafts have rescue equipment (power tools and equipment for pyrotechnic distress signals: rocket, Pyrocartridges day and night, etc...).
Also rafts on board the aircraft when flying at a great distance from the coast, there are radio transmitters, impervious to water, netonuschie and easy-to-use out of the aircraft by persons who do not have skills. Life rafts and jackets are equipped with electric lights,
to facilitate detection of the accident victims. Life rafts and emergency radio transmitters are placed near the exits and emergency (emergency) hatches of the aircraft at the sites of attachment are placed in special compartments occupying the top lobbies and passenger compartments, or compartments, located in the wing.
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