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Antonov An-74. Photo. Video. Driving salon. Characteristics. Reviews.
Light multipurpose aircraft Antonov An-74, is a modification of the civil-military transport aircraft An-72. Antonov An-74, designed Antonov Design Bureau, for use in a wide temperature range from + 60 -45 to degrees Celsius, and in different climatic zones. It was originally designed for use in the Far North.
An-74 built as a multi-purpose aircraft, and its scope is very broad. It can be applied for passenger services, maintenance, Arctic stations, freight transportation, transportation of the wounded, to be used in search and rescue and research purposes, as well as for ice reconnaissance. An-74, can operate on unprepared airfields and snow-covered, mountainous areas, and to fly at any time of the day or night and in any weather.
An 74 photo
Antonov An-74 10 can carry passengers modification AN-74-200 and 52 passenger in the modification of An-74TK-100 650 at a rate of kilometers per hour, at a distance of about three thousand kilometers. Antonov An-74, like its predecessor, An72, get a simple to maintain and operate.
The aircraft was built under the scheme vysokoplana two highly placed over the wing and lessons forward turbovintelyatornymi engines D36-2A with the thrust of 63,7 kN, which ensures reliable protection against ingress of foreign objects with a take-off runway during takeoff, and increases the lift of the wing, with the through its blowing jet air jets from the engine.
Empennage of the aircraft has a T-shaped configuration. This tail structure at normal flight eliminates impact jets engines on aircraft elevators, so tail rudders remain in stable condition for most flight conditions. The rear cargo door of the aircraft closed hinged ramp, which is also used as a loading ramp.
An interior 74
The decision to establish the aircraft to operate in the Arctic, it was decided in February 2 1982 years. The project originally was named AN-72A. Then the plane was renamed An-74. 29 September 1983, the prototype aircraft An-74 made its first flight. In August 1986 in the Canadian city of Vancouver, the international air show held the first demonstration of the aircraft general public. To perform the factory and state tests was released four machines AN-74. 13 1990 December, it was announced about the end of all state tests of the new aircraft. In August of the following year, the An-74 has been certified and approved for civilian flights.
Equipping aircraft engines, have a great take-away the top of the front wing, limited the penetration power plant items outside the runway to take off and landing features increased lift of the wing due to blowing his inner flaps and the surface of the jet engine. The advantage of such a facility would also decrease the level of noise generated due to the screening process wing airflow directed from the engine.
As part of the flight crew is four people: the captain, co-pilot, flight engineer and navigator.
Control cabin has a good overview. This allows you to operate the aircraft on airfields with short runways, which require a steep path of descent. The instrument panel is perfectly optimized for instrument stands displaying almost all the indicators required pilots to control the machine.
Dimensions of transport cab optimized for flow sizes of basic goods transported, it is possible to transport cargo containers, packages on hard pallets, various non-standard loads, as well as self-propelled wheeled and self-propelled machinery (cars RAF UAZ AMC-240, «Jeep S47" and et al.).
Closure of cargo hatch openings at the expense of rail. It can be lowered to the ground and used as a ladder or move under the fuselage toward the bow - is used for convenient loading of the aircraft directly from the body of the car.
The aircraft is equipped with a special loading device, which allows the loading and unloading of goods in containers, packages and custom. Its capacity is 2500 kgs. Self-propelled machinery immersed in the cargo area under its own power, and Dumb - at the expense of the cable unit and tractor.
Large index of traction, the presence of the installation of self-start engines, airborne, regulating the process of loading and unloading, nadkrylnoe high position engines and pneumatic chassis Low pressure allows efficient autonomous operation of AN-74 on slabooborudovannyh pebble, ground, snow-covered, ice aerodromes that have small dimensions of the runway and the coating strength of 8 kgf / cm2.
The aircraft is equipped with modern radio communication and navigation equipment, allowing to carry out flights in all latitudes, over the water and ground surfaces, weather conditions of any severity, at any time of the day. This can be achieved through high-precision automatic piloting in flight. An-74 can run on autopilot landing when meteorological conditions, which corresponds to 1-nd category of ICAO.
The aircraft is easy to operate and lends itself well to the development of flight and technical staff of average skill.
An interior-77 scheme
Antonov An-74 has the following modifications:
An-74 - the base model, designed for use in the Arctic
An-74D - this version of the aircraft has a business arrangement, and is designed to carry up to 19 passengers.
An-74D-200 - version equipped with comfortable interior, designed to carry up to 16 people. Also, this version can be equipped with a compartment for the transport of the car.
An-74T-100 - this version of the aircraft equipped with modern navigation equipment for civilian flights increased complexity.
An-74MP - version of the aircraft used in maritime patrol aircraft for
An-74TK-100 - cargo version of the plane, designed to carry up to 52 people.
An-74-200- civilian version, with increased takeoff weight, designed for the transport of persons 10
An-74T - transport modification of aircraft used on international flights
An-74T-200 - military transport version of the aircraft with a crew of two.
An-74TK-100S - sanitary version of the aircraft
There are also other common mene modification of the aircraft
To date, it produced about 90 AN-74, various modifications, which operate about 20 the world.
Technical characteristics of the AN-74
The first flight of the An-74: 29 September 1983 year
Year of manufacture: c 1986 city
Length: 28,07 m.
Height: 8,65 m.
Empty weight: 18900 kg.
Wing area: 98,62 sq.m.
Wingspan: 31,89 m.
Cruising speed: 650 km / h..
Maximum speed: 750 km / h..
Ceiling: 10000 m.
Practical range: 2800 km.
Ferry range: 4400 km.
Length of takeoff: 1400 m.
path length: 800 m.
Engines: 2 turbofan D36-2A or D36-4A
Crew: 4-5 people
Number of seats: 10 places in An-74-200 52 or place in the An-74TK100
An 74 video
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An-38 - AN-38
An-140 - AN-140
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An-158 - AN-158
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